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Table 5 Results of environmental examinations for multidrug-resistant organisms in Clinics/Practices D–G

From: Poor infection prevention and control standards are associated with environmental contamination with carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales and other multidrug-resistant bacteria in Swiss companion animal clinics

Area Clinic Da Clinic Ea Practice Fa Practice Ga
No. of sampling sitesb All MDROs tested No. of sampling sitesb MRS CPE Macrococcus spp. No. of sampling sitesb MRS No. of sampling sitesb MRS
Waiting area 2 0 2 1 0 0 2 0 2 1
Consultation rooms 4 0 5 1 1 2 5 2 5 0
Radiology 1 0 2 0 0 1 2 0 1 2
Ward 4 0 5 1 0 1 7 0 6 0
Pre-OR area 4 0 4 1 0 1 4 0 2 0
OR 7 0 4 0 0 0 3 0 5 0
Laboratory 3 0 4 1 0 0 5 0 4 0
Office 2 0 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 0
Utensilsc 8 0 8 1 0 2 8 0 8 0
Othersd 3 0 4 0 0 1 2 0 4 0
Total no. of sampling sites 38   39     40   37  
Total no. (%) of positive sampling sites 0 (0) 0 (0) 13 (33) 6 (15) 1 (3) 8 (21) 2 (5) 2 (5) 3 (8) 3 (8)
  1. a Results for all included MDROs are shown (Methicillin-resistant staphylococci, ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales and Macrococcus spp.); missing rows indicate no positive result for this group of MDROs. Positive results are shown in bold. Details on species, strain and minimal inhibitory concentrations of the isolates are specified in Tables 1 and 2. bDetails on sampling sites are indicated in Additional file 3. cUtensils: phones, stethoscopes, thermometers, otoscopes, clippers, ultrasonography devices, clamps / scissors, muzzles, dental cleaning devices / utensils. dOthers: feeding utensils, lingerie, changing rooms, sterilizer
  2. Abbreviations: MDROs multidrug resistant organisms, MRS Methicillin-resistant staphylococci, CPE carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales, OR operating room