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Table 2 Hand hygiene compliance among HCWs in Benin

From: Hand hygiene in surgery in Benin: opportunities and challenges

Characteristics Hand Hygiene opportunities (n) Hand Hygiene actions (na) % Compliance P value
Overall Wards 1315 438 33.3  
 Surgery visceral 841 204 24.3 P < 0.001
 Maternity 474 234 49.4  
Professional category
 Physician 139 45 32.4 P = .705
 Nurses 752 257 34.2  
 Auxiliary nurse 385 126 32.7  
 Others 39 10 25.6  
Sex
 Male 671 177 26.4 P < 0.001
 Female 644 261 40.5  
Shift     
 Morning 1161 376 32.4 P = .113
 Afternoon 142 56 39.4  
 Night 12 6 50.0  
WHO five moments
 Moment 1 393 99 25.2 P < 0.001
 Moment 2 209 69 33.0  
 Moment 3 77 42 54.5  
 Moment 4 509 191 37.5  
 Moment 5 127 37 29.1  
Care room
 Bandage area 571 267 46.8 P < 0.001
 Hospitalization 691 139 20.1  
 Others 53 32 60.4  
  1. Five moments: 1-before touching patient, 2-Before clean/aseptic procedure, 3-after body fluid exposure risk, 4-after touching a patient, 5-after touching patient surroundings.