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Table 4 Codebook depicting the themes, categories, and codes (To be placed after the mention of Table 4 in the manuscript text

From: Healthcare workers’ perspectives on healthcare-associated infections and infection control practices: a video-reflexive ethnography study in the Asir region of Saudi Arabia

Theme Categories Codes
1. Knowledge of HAI and infection control 1.1 Knowledge of HAI 1.1.1 Aware of HAI
1.1.2 Aware of definition and significance of HAI
1.2 Types of HAI 1.2.1 Aware of different types of HAI
1.2.2 Able to identify
1.3 HAI and infection control 1.3.1 Prevention of HAI
1.3.2 Importance of infection control
1.3.3 Association between HAI and infection control
1.4 Infection control measures in the hospital 1.4.1 Aware of different infection control measures
1.4.1 Aware of infection control department in the hospital
2. Infection control measures in practice 2.1 Hand hygiene 2.1.1 Aware of importance of hand hygiene
2.1.2 Hand hygiene practised by all HCWs
2.1.3 5 moments of hand hygiene technique followed
2.1.4 Hand hygiene week programme
2.2 Catheter care 2.2.1 Aware of catheter-associated infections-vascular/urinary catheters
2.2.2 Aware of aseptic catheter insertions
2.2.3 Care of catheters with care bundles followed
2.2.4 Checklist followed
2.2.5 Catheter insertions strictly followed by doctors only
2.3 PPE 2.3.1 Aware of PPE and its benefitsin infection control
2.3.2 PPE used only in ICU/isolation room
2.4 Waste/Sharps disposal 2.4.1 Aware of importance of safe disposal of sharps and waste
2.4.2 Safe disposal of sharps practised by all HCWs
2.4.3 Adequate training regarding safe disposal
2.4.4 Aware of importance of safe disposal of hospital- generated waste
2.4.5 Proper segregation of waste and colour coding practised
2.5 Sterilisation and disinfection measures 2.5.1 Aware of the importance of disinfection and sterilisation for infection control
2.5.2 Proper sterilisation and disinfection procedures followed by all personnel
2.5.3 Adequate disinfection for blood spills and chemical spills in an ICU setup followed
2.6 Updates on HAI and infection control 2.6.1 Workshop and seminars conducted once a year for doctors and nurses
2.6.2 Orientation programme on infection control for residents at the beginning of residency
2.6.3 Weekly education programme for nurses on HAI and infection control
3. Gaps in infection control measures and HAI 3.1 Knowledge 3.1.1 Lack of education about HAI at the start of the residency
3.1.2 Lack of knowledge about the different types of HAI
3.2 Communication 3.2.1 Lack of communication between the administrator and hospital personnel on conducting adequate workshops and seminars on infection control and HAI
3.3 Waste disposal 3.3.1 Lack of awareness of the means of disposal of hospital-generated waste
3.4 PPE 3.4.1 Lack of proper training on PPE
3.4.2 PPE used only in ICU
4. Requirements 4.1 Workshops and seminars 4.1.2 Need for hands-on catheter insertion training for residents
4.1.3 Regular workshops and hands-on training on PPE and hand hygiene
4.2 Waste disposal 4.2.1 Create awareness regarding the means of disposal of hospital-generated waste among all HCWs
4.3 Sterilisation and disinfection 4.3.1 Educate all HCWs about blood spills and HAI
4.3.2 Include other paramedical staff in training and workshops on HAI and infection control
4.4 Change in protocols 4.4.1 Train nurses in aseptic insertion of vascular and urinary catheters
4.4.2 Follow the disinfection protocol for blood/chemical spills in all areas of the hospital