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Table 3 Antimicrobial Prevalence by Class in Pediatric and Neonatal Wards

From: The 2017 global point prevalence survey of antimicrobial consumption and resistance in Canadian hospitals

Pediatric and Neonatal Overalla,b PMW and GNMW HO-PMW T-PMW PSW PICU and NICU
Total number of antimicrobials 356 88 70 49 46 103
Antibiotics, N 308 (86.5) 82 58 26 44 98
Antifungals, N 34 (9.6) 5 10 14 1 4
Antivirals, N 13 (3.7) 1 2 9 0 1
Antituberculosis agents, N 0 (0) 0 0 0 0 0
Other, N 1 (0.3) 0 0 0 1 0
Antibiotics by Class, N
 Penicillins with β-lactamase inhibitors 31 (10.1) 8 8 9 3 3
 Penicillins with extended spectrum 44 (14.3) 12 3 1 4 24
 β-lactamase-resistant penicillins 4 (1.3) 2     2
 β-lactamase-sensitive penicillins 1 (0.3)      1
 1st generation cephalosporins 30 (9.7) 12 2 2 8 6
 2nd generation cephalosporins 6 (1.9) 4    1 1
 3rd generation cephalosporins 52 (16.9) 19 4 4 5 20
 Carbapenems 8 (2.6) 1 2   1 4
 Fluoroquinolones 10 (3.2) 3 5 2 0 0
 Aminoglycosides 29 (9.4) 3 2   5 19
 Macrolides 4 (1.3) 2    1 1
 Tetracyclines 1 (0.3) 1     
 Clindamycin 7 (2.3)   1   6  
 Metronidazole 14 (4.5) 3 3   5 3
 Combinations of sulfonamides and trimethoprim 40 (13.0) 6 22 3 3 6
 Vancomycin PO 3 (1.0) 1 1 1   
 Vancomycin IV 23 (7.5) 5 4 4 2 8
 Rifamycins 1 (0.3)   1    
  1. a Numbers in parentheses represent a percentage
  2. b The denominator to calculate percentages for each antibiotic subclass is the total number of antibiotics
  3. Abbreviations: GNMW general neonatal medical ward, HO-PMW hematology-oncology PMW, NICU neonatal intensive care unit, PICU pediatric intensive care unit, PMW pediatric medical ward, PSW pediatric surgical ward, T-PMW transplant-PMW