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Table 3 Mixed-Effects Linear Regression Analyses of the Relationship Between Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and homologous class Antimicrobial Consumption Among Select Pathobionts in 30 European countries

From: Gonococcal resistance can be viewed productively as part of a syndemic of antimicrobial resistance: an ecological analysis of 30 European countries

  Azithromycin Ciprofloxacin ESC/Cefixime
Coeff. ± SE P Coeff. ±SE P Coeff. ± SE P
Escherichia coli NA   6.13 ± 0.60 < 0.001 0.52 ± 0.155 0.155
Klebsiella pneumoniae NA   5.44 ± 1.20 < 0.001 −0.08 ± 077 0.910
Streptococcus pneumoniae 2.39 ± 0.61 < 0.001 NA   NA  
Acinetobacter spp. NA   4.75 ± 1.34 < 0.001 NA  
Pseudomonas aeruginosa NA   0.34 ± 0.82 0.676 NA  
Neisseria gonorrhoeae 0.52 ± 0.40 0.181 3.86 ± 1.94 0.047 0.49 ± 0.29 0.095
  1. NA Not Available/Not Applicable, ESC Extended Spectrum Cephalosporins, SE Standard Error