Skip to main content

Table 2 Mapping of themes to relevant NPT constructs

From: Mechanisms affecting the implementation of a national antimicrobial stewardship programme; multi-professional perspectives explained using normalisation process theory

Theme NPT Constructs
People matter:
(leadership, relationships, staff buy-in, staff continuity)
• Capability / workability
• Context
• Coherence
• Cognitive participation
• Collective action
Knowledge, experience & confidence matters:
(awareness, education, knowledge, experience; especially for junior doctors & nurses)
• Coherence
• Cognitive participation
• Collective action
Prioritisation matters:
(relative prioritisation given to AMS in relation to competing objectives)
• Cognitive participation
Context, time and resources matter:
(size and complexity of the organisation, availability of staff, time)
• Capability / workability
• Context
• Collective action
Technology matters:
(methods of accessing information & communicating; presence or absence of meaningful data)
• Collective action
Feedback matters:
(the nature and timing of feedback on audit data)
• Reflexive monitoring