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Table 5 Perception of respondents on the role of health professionals in antibiotic use and antibiotic resistance

From: A population-base survey on knowledge, attitude and awareness of the general public on antibiotic use and resistance

Statements Gender
% (n)
% = n/N
Age (Years)
% (n)
% = n/N
Educational Level
%(n)
% = n/N
Male
N = 323
Female
N = 309
18–21
N = 125
22–25
N = 257
> 25
N = 250
Low
N = 131
Middle
N = 142
High
N = 359
Doctors always conduct a thorough examination regarding whether a patient is in need of antibiotics or not (agree) 42 (134) 49 (152) 50 (63) 41 (104) 48 (119) 37 (49) 51 (72) 46 (165)
X2 6.364   22.346    27.750   
P 0.174   < 0.05    < 0.05   
Doctors prescribe antibiotics when a patient expects it (agree) 17 (55) 26 (81) 30 (38) 19 (48) 20 (50) 24 (31) 32 (45) 17 (60)
X2 10.899   26.817    35.166   
P < 0.05   < 0.05    < 0.05   
When antibiotics are prescribed, the doctor takes time to provide information on how they should be used (No) 38 (123) 29 (89) 22 (27) 31 (79) 42 (106) 34 (45) 25 (36) 37 (131)
X2 6.098   17.702    5.711   
P < 0.05   < 0.05    0.058   
Pharmacy staff take their time to inform me on how antibiotics should be used (No) 30 (97) 24 (74) 26 (33) 31 (79) 24 (59) 20 (26) 20 (28) 33 (117)
X2 2.961   3.307    12.895   
P 0.085   0.191    < 0.05