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Table 1 Summary of the 14 studies reporting the prevalence of ESBL-producing Gram-negative bacteria in different parts of Ethiopia, 2005–2019

From: High rate of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing gram-negative infections and associated mortality in Ethiopia: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Author, year Study period Study area (site) Sample size Sample types
(Culture specimens)
No. of Gram-negative isolates No. of ESBL (%)
Abayneh M et al., 2018 [32] March to June 2016 Jimma 342 urine 74 17 (23.0)
Abera B et al., 2016 [33] Sept 2013 to March 2015 Bahir Dar 477 blood, urine, pus/swab and body fluids 210 120 (57.1)
Beyene G et al., 2011 [21] Jan to Aug. 2006 Addis Ababa 1225 stool, blood 113 78 (69.0)
Desta K et al., 2016 [22] 10–20 Dec 2012 Addis Ababa 267 stool 295 151 (51.2)
Eugale T et al., 2018 [23] April 2013 to March 2014 Addis Ababa 68 Stool 68 12 (17.6)
Gashaw M et al., 2018 [24] May to Sept. 2016 Jimma 197 urine, swab/pus, blood, and sputum 100 36 (36.0)
Legese et al., 2017 [25] Jan. to March 2014 Addis Ababa 322 blood and urine 28 22 (78.6)
Mulisa et al., 2015 [26] April to Aug. 2016 Adama 384 urine, stool, swabs, and body fluids 65 17 (26.0)
Mulualem Y et al., 2012 [27] Feb. to March 2007 Jimma 359 urine, stool, swabs, and sputum 67 24 (35.8)
Pritsch M et al., 2017 [28] Jan. 2014 to June 2015 Jimma 224 swabs and body fluids 14 3 (21.4)
Seboxa T et al., 2015 [29] Aug. 2012 and Oct. 2013. Addis Ababa 292 blood 20 9 (45.0)
Seid & Asrat, 2005 [30] Dec. 2003 to Feb. 2004 Harar 384 sputum, urine and pus 57 19 (33.3)
Teklu DS et al., 2019 [31] Jan. to May 2017 Addis Ababa 426 urine, blood, swabs, and body fluids 426 246 (57.7)
Zeynudin A et al., 2018 [8] March to Oct. 2014 Jimma 224 urine, swabs, blood and fluids 112 71 (63.4)