Skip to main content

Table 2 AMR preparedness categories and the indicators explored in this paper. Indicators are either taken directly from the scoring table (see the JEE tool [24, 26]) or they were from technical question answers from the technical questions

From: Antimicrobial resistance preparedness in sub-Saharan African countries

Category Indicator Source
Effective multisectoral coordination on AMR and the national action plan (in this paper referred to as ‘National Action Plan’) Is there a National Action Plan in place? Scoring table within the JEE tools document
AMR surveillance (in this paper referred to as ‘AMR surveillance) Are human pathogen samples routinely tested for AMR? Technical questions
Are animal pathogen samples routinely tested for AMR? Technical questions
Is there a national human pathogen surveillance system in place? Scoring table within the JEE tools document
Is there a national animal pathogen surveillance system in place? Scoring table within the JEE tools document
Is there a national AMR reference laboratory? Technical questions
Infection Prevention and Control (in this paper referred to as ‘IPC’) Are there sufficient Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) programmes in place across all healthcare facilities in the country? Scoring table within the JEE tools document
Are there national training programmes (e.g. at higher education institutes on IPC? Technical questions
Optimise use of antimicrobial medicines in human and animal health and agriculture (in this paper referred to as ‘Antimicrobial stewardship’) Are there guidelines in place for the use of antimicrobials? Scoring table within the JEE tools document
Is there legislation in place for the distribution and use of clinical antimicrobials? Technical questions
Is there legislation in place for the distribution and use of veterinary antimicrobials? Technical questions