Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of patient with and without healthcare associated infection (HAI)

From: Prevalence of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use among inpatients in a tertiary hospital in Fiji: a point prevalence survey

  All patients No HAI HAI
Patients, n 343 313 30
Male, n (%) 147 (42.9) 131 (41.9) 16 (53.3)
Age, n (%)
 Neonate 52 (15.2) 46 (14.7) 6 (20.0)
 0–14 33 (9.6) 31 (9.9) 2 (6.7)
 15–29 81 (23.6) 74 (23.6) 7 (23.3)
 30–44 66 (19.2) 63 (20.1) 3 (10.0)
 45–59 57 (16.6) 50 (16.0) 7 (23.3)
 60+ 54 (15.7) 49 (15.7) 5 (16.7)
Medical specialty, n (%)
 Medical 91 (26.5) 83 (26.5) 8 (26.7)
 Surgical 75 (21.9) 67 (21.4) 8 (26.7)
 Obstetrics & Gynaecology 94 (27.4) 88 (28.1) 6 (20.0)
 Paediatrics 83 (24.2) 75 (24.0) 8 (26.7)
  Paediatrics excluding NICU 69 (20.1) 66 (21.1) 3 (10.0)
  NICU 14 (4.1) 9 (2.9) 5 (16.7)
Ward, n (%)
 ICU/Burns wards 32 (9.3) 23 (7.3) 9 (30.0)
 Other 311 (90.7) 290 (92.7) 21 (70.0)
LOS in days until PPS performed, median (IQR)
 Overall 4 (2–8) 3 (2–7) 17.5 (6.5–22)
 Neonates 4.5 (3–9) 3 (2–9) 8.5 (5–16)
 ICU/Burns wards 8 (4–17) 6 (3.5–13) 18 (6–21)
Devices, n (%)
 Any invasive device 238 (69.4) 212 (67.7) 26 (86.7)
  PVC 218 (63.6) 197 (62.9) 21 (70.0)
  CVC 19 (5.5) 14 (4.5) 5 (16.7)
  Urinary catheter 26 (7.6) 22 (7.0) 4 (13.3)
  Invasive ventilation 4 (1.2) 4 (1.3) 0 (0.0)
Documented fever in last 24 h, n (%) 21 (6.1) 14 (4.5) 7 (23.3)
Receiving antimicrobial therapy, n (%) 206 (60.1) 176 (56.2) 30 (100.0)
  1. ICU/Burns wards: adult ICU, paediatric ICU, neonatal ICU and Burns. Other wards: 17 wards with specialities including general medicine, cardiology, general surgery, obstetrics, gynaecology and paediatrics.
  2. LOS Length of stay, NICU Neonatal intensive care unit, PVC Peripheral vascular catheter, CVC Central vascular catheter