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Table 5 Factors associated with the respect of the WHO’s hand hygiene opportunities (“the five moments for HH in health care”) on second year

From: Using an ultraviolet cabinet improves compliance with the World Health Organization’s hand hygiene recommendations by undergraduate medical students: a randomized controlled trial

Variable Incomplete respect (n = 117) Full respect (n = 125) p-value Hazard ratio 95% confidence interval p’-value
Univariate Logistic regression
Personal feedback with UV cabinet (%) 50.0 65.3 0.016 1.88 1.10–3.21 0.02
Female gender (%) 60.5 67.8 0.247
Age ± SD (years) 21 ± 2.6 21 ± 1.8 0.254
New Hand hygiene formation (%) 41.6 33.1 0.179 0.70 0.40–3.20 0.20
Extra-university use of UV cabinet (%) 22.1 21.2 0.863
Infectious disease unit traineeship (%) 17.7 17.8 0.985
Surgical unit traineeship (%) 66.1 58.5 0.235
Intensive care unit traineeship (%) 11.5 12.7 0.779
Care of a patient needing contact precautions (%) 71.7 72.9 0.839
Care of a patient hospitalized for nosocomial infection (%) 17.7 13.7 0.401
Familiarity with alcoholic solution for HH (%) 73.5 82.2 0.109 0.55 0.88–3.18 0.11
  1. p value = comparison by univariate test between the group with incomplete respect versus the group with complete respect of the WHO’s HH opportunities
  2. p’-value: p-value by the multivariate logistic regression
  3. Abbreviations: SD standard deviation, UV Ultraviolet, HH Hand hygiene