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Table 2 Chi-square tests for parental SMA and antibiotic prescribing in clinical settings (n = 1275)

From: Parental self-medication with antibiotics for children promotes antibiotic over-prescribing in clinical settings in China

  Self-medication before consultation χ2 p
Without antibiotics
N (%)
With antibiotics
N (%)
Antibiotics prescribed by doctors    212.7 < 0.0001
 No 516 (59.7) 66 (16.1)   
 Yes 349 (40.3) 344 (83.9)   
Route of antibiotic prescribed    218.6 < 0.0001
 No antibiotics prescribed 516 (59.7) 66 (16.1)   
 Oral only 233 (26.9) 215 (52.4)   
 Intravenous only 43 (5.0) 33 (8.0)   
 Both oral and intravenous 73 (8.4) 96 (23.4)   
Asked for antibiotics    47.32 < 0.0001
 No 828 (95.7) 347 (84.6)   
 Yes 37 (4.3) 63 (15.4)   
Route of antibiotics parents asked for    49.71 < 0.0001
 No requires 828 (95.7) 347 (84.6)   
 Oral 16 (1.8) 37 (9.0)   
 Intravenous 21 (2.4) 26 (6.3)   
Fulfilled parental request for antibiotics (n = 100)    8.191 0.004
 Yes 20 (54.1) 51 (81.0)   
 No 17 (45.9) 12 (19.0)