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Table 3 Logistic regression for the association between parental SMA and antibiotic prescribing in clinical settings

From: Parental self-medication with antibiotics for children promotes antibiotic over-prescribing in clinical settings in China

  Prescribed antibiotics by doctors
(n = 1275)
Prescribed IV antibiotics by doctors #
(n = 1275)
Prescribed both oral and IV antibiotics by doctors
(n = 1275)
Asked for antibiotics
(n = 1275)
Asked for IV antibiotics
(n = 1275)
Antibiotic requests fulfilled by doctors
(n = 100)
SMA for children
 No Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Yes 7.79 (5.74,10.58)*** 3.05 (2.27,4.11)*** 3.42 (2.42,4.84)*** 4.05 (2.59,6.31)*** 2.58 (1.40,4.76)** 3.22 (1.20,8.63)*
Province
 Guangxi Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Shaanxi 0.79 (0.58,1.07) 0.83 (0.58,1.17) 0.59 (0.39,0.88)** 0.89 (0.53,1.48) 0.69 (0.34,1.39) 2.44 (0.65,9.26)
 Zhejiang 0.67 (0.48,0.96)* 1.37 (0.90,2.06) 0.92 (0.57,1.50) 1.34 (0.71,2.52) 0.56 (0.22,1.41) 2.05 (0.40,10.48)
Gender of children
 Male Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Female 0.90 (0.71,1.16) 0.79 (0.59,1.05) 0.84 (0.60,1.18) 1.19 (0.78,1.81) 1.27 (0.70,2.32) 1.56 (0.54,4.53)
Age of children (Mean, SD) 1.01 (0.97,1.05) 1.01 (0.96,1.06) 1.02 (0.96,1.08) 1.04 (0.97,1.12) 1.08 (0.98,1.19) 0.94 (0.81,1.10)
Relationship with children
 Father Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Mother 1.36 (0.99,1.88) 0.75 (0.52,1.07) 0.88 (0.57,1.35) 0.53 (0.33,0.87)* 0.65 (0.32,1.29) 1.94 (0.63,5.98)
Education level
 Middle school and under Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 High school 1.24 (0.87,1.77) 1.17 (0.78,1.74) 1.38 (0.87,2.18) 0.59 (0.34,1.04) 0.45 (0.20,1.00)* 0.59 (0.16,2.16)
 Junior college and above 1.34 (0.93,1.94) 1.19 (0.78,1.81) 1.13 (0.69,1.86) 0.52 (0.28,0.95)* 0.40 (0.17,0.95)* 1.51 (0.36,6.30)
Residence
 Rural Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 Urban 1.36 (1.04,1.78)* 0.92 (0.67,1.25) 0.91 (0.63,1.31) 1.01 (0.63,1.60) 0.88 (0.45,1.69) 0.68 (0.20,2.35)
Parent with medical background
 Yes Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 No 1.45 (0.98,2.13) 1.63 (0.97,2.73) 1.67 (0.88,3.16) 0.92 (0.45,1.89) 1.54 (0.45,5.22) 1.89 (0.41,8.76)
Average monthly household income (RMB)
  < =3000 Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref Ref
 3001–5000 1.19 (0.82,1.74) 0.74 (0.49,1.12) 0.86 (0.53,1.38) 1.01 (0.56,1.82) 1.18 (0.51,2.74) 2.25 (0.55,9.17)
 5001–10,000 1.11 (0.73,1.67) 0.71 (0.44,1.12) 0.81 (0.47,1.40) 0.84 (0.41,1.71) 1.93 (0.73,5.12) 1.50 (0.26,8.53)
  > =10,001 1.04 (0.63,1.71) 0.52 (0.29,0.93)* 0.67 (0.34,1.33) 0.82 (0.34,1.95) 1.50 (0.42,5.38) 3.16 (0.39,25.90)
  1. IV, intravenous
  2. #Prescribed IV antibiotics including prescriptions contain IV antibiotics and both IV and oral antibiotics
  3. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001
  4. Note: this table should appear on page 8 between line138 and line 139