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Table 5 Costs of intervention aimed at reducing antibiotic prescribing in primary care

From: Impact of a multifaceted intervention to improve antibiotic prescribing: a pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial

Activity Units Cost per
unit (€)
Cost (€)
Identification of knowledge and attitudesa
 Staff b 2 months 2458.33 4916.66
 Administrative support   Various 1599
 Materials: letters, questionnaires, envelopes, postage stamps 4780 Various 4842.45
Intervention study
On-line course
  Staff 1 month 2458.33 2458.33
  On-line course (website programming and maintenance) 1 10,030 10,030
  On-line course (contents) 1 2000 2000
  Materials: overhead projector for presentations 1 500 500
Outreach visit
  Staff a 6 months 2458.33 14,750
  Travel and per diem expenses Various Various 3133.11
  Telephone 6 20 120
  Materials: leaflets for patients in health centre waiting rooms 45,000 0.0226 1017
Costs for the participants
  Physicians (sessions: 1 h) 409 23 9407
  Physicians (course: 10 h) 222 230 51,060
Total cost of intervention group (n = 1217) 1217 105,833.55
Mean cost per physician (by intention-to-treat) 86.96
  1. a Evaluation of physicians’ knowledge and attitudes prior to the intervention (cohort study)14
  2. b University staff salary for a pharmacist. Includes national insurance, etc.