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Table 2 Percentage of farms using antimicrobials by country, type of animal and class of antimicrobials

From: Antimicrobial use and resistance in food-producing animals and the environment: an African perspective

Country Food animal % AMU Class of antimicrobial Reference
Ghana Poultry 98 Tetracyclines, Aminoglycosides, Penicillins, Quinolones [20]
Ghana Cattle, goat, sheep, pig, poultry 98 Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides, Benzimidazoles [21]
Tanzania Cattle, chickens, pigs 100 Tetracyclines, Sulphonamides, Penicillins, Aminoglycosides [22]
Cameroon Poultry 100 Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides, Quinolones, Macrolides, Tetracyclines, Penicillins [23]
Sudan Poultry 92 Tetracyclines [24]
Nigeria Cattle, sheep, goats 77.5 Tetracyclines, Quinolones, Penicillins, Aminoglycosides [25]
Zambia Cattle   Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides, Macrolides, Penicillins, Polypeptides, Tetracyclines [17]
Zambia Cattle 100 Tetracyclines, Penicillins, [26]
Tanzania Cattle, goat, sheep, pigs, poultry 74 Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides [15]
Ghana Pigs 100 Tetracyclines, Sulphonamides, Penicillins, Quinolones, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides [27]
Tanzania Cattle 85 Tetracyclines [28]
Tanzania Poultry 90 Tetracyclines, Sulphonamides, Dihydrofolate, Aminoglycosides, Quinolones [14]
Sudan Poultry, cattle, sheep, goats 95 Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Macrolides, Sulphonamides, Aminoglycosides,
Lincosamides, Streptogramins, Quinolones
[29]
Ethiopia Cattle, poultry 80 Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Sulphonamides [30]
Nigeria Poultry 88.5 Tetracyclines, Aminoglycosides,
Macrolides, Quinolones, Penicillins, Sulphonamides, Furanes, Polypeptides
[31]
Uganda Pigs 40.6 Dihydrofolate, Tetracyclines, Aminoglycosides, [32]
Cameroon Poultry 80 Tetracyclines, Macrolides, Phenocols, Aminoglycosides [12]
Egypt Poultry 100 Tetracyclines, Quinolones [33]
Uganda Poultry 96.7 Sulphonamides [34]
Nigeria Cattle 77.6 Tetracyclines, Macrolides, Penicillins, Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides,
Quinolones
[35]