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Table 2 Percentage of farms using antimicrobials by country, type of animal and class of antimicrobials

From: Antimicrobial use and resistance in food-producing animals and the environment: an African perspective

CountryFood animal% AMUClass of antimicrobialReference
GhanaPoultry98Tetracyclines, Aminoglycosides, Penicillins, Quinolones[20]
GhanaCattle, goat, sheep, pig, poultry98Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides, Benzimidazoles[21]
TanzaniaCattle, chickens, pigs100Tetracyclines, Sulphonamides, Penicillins, Aminoglycosides[22]
CameroonPoultry100Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides, Quinolones, Macrolides, Tetracyclines, Penicillins[23]
SudanPoultry92Tetracyclines[24]
NigeriaCattle, sheep, goats77.5Tetracyclines, Quinolones, Penicillins, Aminoglycosides[25]
ZambiaCattle Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides, Macrolides, Penicillins, Polypeptides, Tetracyclines[17]
ZambiaCattle100Tetracyclines, Penicillins,[26]
TanzaniaCattle, goat, sheep, pigs, poultry74Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides[15]
GhanaPigs100Tetracyclines, Sulphonamides, Penicillins, Quinolones, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides[27]
TanzaniaCattle85Tetracyclines[28]
TanzaniaPoultry90Tetracyclines, Sulphonamides, Dihydrofolate, Aminoglycosides, Quinolones[14]
SudanPoultry, cattle, sheep, goats95Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Macrolides, Sulphonamides, Aminoglycosides,
Lincosamides, Streptogramins, Quinolones
[29]
EthiopiaCattle, poultry80Tetracyclines, Penicillins, Sulphonamides[30]
NigeriaPoultry88.5Tetracyclines, Aminoglycosides,
Macrolides, Quinolones, Penicillins, Sulphonamides, Furanes, Polypeptides
[31]
UgandaPigs40.6Dihydrofolate, Tetracyclines, Aminoglycosides,[32]
CameroonPoultry80Tetracyclines, Macrolides, Phenocols, Aminoglycosides[12]
EgyptPoultry100Tetracyclines, Quinolones[33]
UgandaPoultry96.7Sulphonamides[34]
NigeriaCattle77.6Tetracyclines, Macrolides, Penicillins, Aminoglycosides, Sulphonamides,
Quinolones
[35]