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Table 1 Characteristics of surgical and non-surgical patients, Serbian PPS study, 2017

From: A nationwide assessment of the burden of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use among surgical patients: results from Serbian point prevalence survey, 2017

  Surgical patients N = 8852 Non-surgical patients N = 3626 p value*
N (%) N (%)
Intrinsic factors
 Sex    < 0.0001
  Female 4610 (52.1) 2024 (55.8)  
  Male 4242 (47.9) 1602 (44.2)
 Age group    < 0.0001
  < 40 years 1171 (13.2) 792 (21.8)  
  40–59 1921 (21.7) 844 (23.3)
  60–79 4703 (53.1) 1683 (46.4)
  > 80 1057 (11.9) 307 (8.5)
 McCabe classification    < 0.0001
  Nonfatal 6831 (77.2) 2913 (80.3)  
  Fatal within 5 years 517 (5.8) 178 (4.9)
  Fatal within 1 year 1205 (13.6) 485 (13.4)
  Unknown 299 (3.4) 50 (1.4)
Extrinsic factors
 Invasive devices
  Urinary catheter 1591 (18.0) 1287 (35.5) < 0.0001
  Central venous catheter 254 (2.9) 378 (10.4) < 0.0001
  Mechanical ventilation 127 (1.4) 141 (3.9) < 0.0001
  Exposure to intensive care 283 (3.2) 238 (6.6) < 0.0001
  Prior antibiotics therapy 2850 (32.2) 2435 (67.2) < 0.0001
Hospital factors
 Level of hospital health care    < 0.0001
  Secondary 4845 (54.7) 1631 (45.0)  
  Tertiary 4007 (45.3) 1995 (55.0)
 Hospital size    < 0.0001
  Small (< 360 beds) 2214 (25.0) 710 (19.6)  
  Medium (360–575) 2371 (26.8) 918 (25.3)
  Large (575–1100) 2161 (24.4) 849 (23.4)
  Very large (> 1100) 2106 (23.8) 1149 (31.7)
  1. *Chi-square or Fisher exact test, if appropriate