Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of healthcare-associated infections, surgical site infections, and antibiotics according to the operative procedures, Serbian PPS study, 2017

From: A nationwide assessment of the burden of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use among surgical patients: results from Serbian point prevalence survey, 2017

Operative procedure according NHSN Number of patients who had an operative procedure Prevalence
Patients with at least one HAI Patients with SSI Patients taking at least one antibiotic
N (%)
Kidney transplant 11 4 (36.4) 1 (9.1) 10 (90.9)
Peripheral vascular bypass surgery 15 4 (26.7) 3 (20.0) 12 (80.0)
Coronary artery bypass graft with chest incision only 12 3 (25.0) 0 (0.0) 8 (66.7)
Craniotomy 100 23 (22.0) 0 (0.0) 83 (83.0)
Gastric surgery 66 14 (21.2) 6 (9.1) 56 (84.8)
Shunt for dialysis 6 1 (16.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (16.7)
Carotid endarterectomy 12 2 (16.7) 1 (8.3) 11 (91.7)
Kidney surgery 80 12 (15.0) 7 (8.8) 72 (90.0)
NHSN non-defined 171 25 (14.6) 25 (14.6) 106 (62.0)
Colon surgery 153 22 (14.4) 11 (7.2) 111 (72.5)
Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair 28 4 (14.3) 1 (3.6) 26 (92.9)
Limb amputation 106 15 (14.2) 11 (10.4) 71 (67.0)
Small bowel surgery 46 6 (13.7) 4 (8.7) 35 (76.1)
Neck surgery 16 2 (12.5) 1 (6.3) 12 (75.0)
Coronary artery bypass graft with both chest and donor site incisions 67 8 (11.9) 4 (6.0) 47 (70.1)
Spinal fusion 27 3 (11.1) 1 (3.7) 16 (59.3)
Spleen surgery 9 1 (11.1) 0 (0.0) 8 (88.9)
Thoracic surgery 56 6 (10.7) 4 (7.1) 34 (60.7)
Cardiac surgery 57 6 (10.5) 0 (0.0) 32 (56.1)
Prostate surgery 76 7 (9.2) 5 (6.6) 70 (92.1)
Vaginal hysterectomy 33 3 (9.1) 1 (3.0) 28 (84.8)
Bile duct, liver or pancreatic surgery 65 5 (7.7) 2 (3.1) 55 (84.6)
Laminectomy 26 2 (7.7) 1 (3.8) 20 (76.9)
Open reduction of fracture 220 16 (7.3) 9 (4.1) 157 (71.4)
Exploratory laparotomy 68 4 (5.9) 2 (2.9) 53 (77.9)
Abdominal hysterectomy 58 3 (5.2) 3 (5.2) 45 (77.6)
Hip prosthesis 269 10 (3.7) 6 (2.2) 176 (65.4)
Non-NHSN/minimal surgery 1017 34 (3.3) 10 (1.0) 574 (56.4)
Knee prosthesis 62 2 (3.2) 2 (3.2) 44 (71.0)
Gallbladder surgery 106 3 (2.9) 2 (1.9) 69 (65.1)
Rectal surgery 35 1 (2.9) 1 (2.9) 25 (71.4)
Cesarean section 241 6 (2.5) 3 (1.2) 169 (70.1)
Ovarian surgery 41 1 (2.4) 0 (0.0) 29 (70.7)
Herniorrhaphy 123 2 (1.6) 1 (0.8) 87 (70.7)
Appendix surgery 29 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 24 (82.8)
Breast surgery 72 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 32 (44.4)
Liver transplant 2 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (100.0)
Pacemaker surgery 11 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 5 (45.5)
Refusion of spine 4 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 4 (100.0)
Thyroid and/or parathyroid surgery 27 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 13 (48.1)
Ventricular shunt 3 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 3 (100.0)
Total 3626 519 (4.2) 125 (1.0) 2435 (67.2)
  1. NHSN National Healthcare Safety Network, HAI healthcare-associated infections, SSI surgical site infections