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Table 1 Common bacterial pathogens isolated from PBM patients in China, 2016–2018

From: Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance patterns of bacteria isolated from cerebrospinal fluid among children with bacterial meningitis in China from 2016 to 2018: a multicenter retrospective study

Pathogen 2016
N (%)
2017
N (%)
2018
N (%)
Total
N (%)
Rank
Gram-positive organisms
 Staphylococcus epidermidis 72 (17.4) 75 (16.7) 50 (15.1) 197 (16.5) 1
 Streptococcus pneumoniae 41 (9.9) 44 (9.8) 42 (12.7) 127 (10.6) 3
 Enterococcus faecium 46 (11.1) 32 (7.1) 37 (11.1) 115 (9.6) 4
 Staphylococcus hominis 15 (3.6) 39 (8.7) 31 (9.3) 85 (7.1) 5
 Group B Streptococcus 20 (4.8) 22 (4.9) 17 (5.1) 59 (4.9) 6
 Staphylococcus haemolyticus 20 (4.8) 11 (2.5) 11 (3.3) 42 (3.5) 7
 Staphylococcus aureus 16 (3.9) 13 (2.9) 10 (3.0) 39 (3.3) 9
 Other gram-positive organisms 56 (13.6) 72 (16.1) 40 (12.1) 168 (14.1)  
Gram-negative organisms
 Escherichia coli 49 (11.9) 64 (14.3) 35 (10.5) 148 (12.4) 2
 Klebsiella pneumoniae 13 (3.1) 10 (2.2) 17 (5.1) 40 (3.4) 8
 Acinetobacter baumannii 10 (2.4) 12 (2.7) 5 (1.5) 27 (2.3) 10
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 6 (1.5) 12 (2.7) 4 (1.2) 22 (1.8) 11
 Other gram-negative organisms 49 (11.9) 42 (9.4) 33 (9.9) 124 (10.4)  
Total 413 (34.6) 448 (37.6) 332 (27.8) 1193 (100)  
  1. PBM, pediatric bacterial meningitis