Skip to main content

Table 1 Vaginal colonization with antimicrobial drug-resistant potentially pathogenic gram-negative bacteria among study women in labor

From: Vaginal colonization with antimicrobial-resistant bacteria among women in labor in central Uganda: prevalence and associated factors

Antibioticsa Number of the 1472 study women who were colonized with resistant bacteria (prevalence of colonization/proportion of isolates, in %)
E. coli (n = 504/508)c K. pneumoniae (n = 144/145) Enterobacter spp. (n = 32/32) K. oxytoca (n = 23/23) Citrobacter spp. (n = 107/107) Acinetobacter spp. (n = 32/32) Pseudomonas spp. (n = 3/3) Proteus spp. (n = 3/3)
Ampicillin 454 (30.8/89.4) 141 (9.6/97.2) 31 (2.1/96.9) 22 (1.5/95.7) 105 (7.1/98.1) NA 0 [6] 1 (0.1/33.3)
Amoxycillin-Clavulanic acid 366 (24.9/72.0) 120 (8.2/82.8) 31 (2.1/96.9) 14 (0.9/60.9) 80 (5.4/74.8) NA NA 1 (0.1/33.3)
Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole 354 (24.0/69.7) 90 (6.1/62.1) 17 (1.2/53.1) 9 (0.6/39.1) 56 (3.8/52.3) 21 (1.4/65.6) NA 0 [6]
Ciprofloxacin 74 (5.0/14.6) 26 (1.8/17.9) 3 (0.2/9.4) 1 (0.1/4.3) 18 (1.2/16.8) 9 (0.6/28.1) 0 [6] 0 [6]
Chloramphenicol 103 (7.0/20.3) 36 (2.4/24.8) 5 (0.3/15.6) 4 (0.3/17.4) 18 (1.2/16.8) 4 (0.3/12.5) 0 [6] 0 [6]
Gentamicin 111 (7.5/21.9) 37 (2.5/25.5) 6 (0.4/18.8) 3 (0.2/13.0) 22 (1.5/20.6) 7 (0.5/21.9) 1 (0.1/33.3) 0 [6]
Amikacin 125 (8.5/24.6) 33 (2.2/22.8) 9 (0.6/28.1) 2 (0.1/8.7) 19 (1.3/17.8) 6 (0.4/18.8) 0 [6] 0 [6]
Ceftriaxone 92 (6.3/18.1) 42 (2.9/29.0) 4 (0.3/12.5) 4 (0.3/17.4) 31 (2.1/29.0) NA NA 0 [6]
Cefuroxime 366 (24.9/72.0) 92 (6.3/63.4) 28 (1.9/87.5) 8 (0.5/34.8) 83 (5.6/77.6) NA NA 1 (0.1/33.3)
Ceftazidime 55 (3.7/10.8) 30 (2.0/20.7) 1 (0.1/3.1) 3 (0.2/13.0) 7 (0.5/6.5) 13 (0.9/40.6) 0 [6] 0 [6]
Imipenem 41 (2.8/8.1) 19 (1.3/13.1) 9 (0.6/28.1) 1 (0.1/4.3) 27 (1.8/25.2) 2 (0.1/6.3) 0 [6] 0 [6]
Tetracycline NA NA NA NA NA 9 (0.6/28.1) 0 [6] NA
Piperacillin NA NA NA NA NA 16 (1.1/50.0) 0 [6] NA
Piperacillin-Tazobactam NA NA NA NA NA 11 (0.7/34.4) 0 [6] NA
Colistin NA NA NA NA NA NA 0 [6] NA
ESBL-producing bacteria 36 (2.4/7.1) 16 (1.1/11.0) 1 (0.1/3.1) 1 (0.1/4.3) 3 (0.2/2.8) NA NA 0 [6]
Carbapenem-resistant bacteria 41 (2.8/8.1) 19 (1.3/13.1) 9 (0.6/28.1) 1 (0.1/4.3) 27 (1.8/25.2) 2 (0.1/6.3) 0 [6] 0 [6]
MDR 426 (28.9/83.9) 89 (6.0/61.4) 22 (1.5/68.8) 6 (0.4/26.1) 62 (4.2/57.9) 18 (1.2/56.3) 2 (0.1/66.7) 1 (0.1/33.3)
MDRb 350 (23.8/68.9) 54 (3.7/37.2) 12 (0.8/37.5) 4 (0.3/17.4) 32 (2.2/29.9) 18 (1.2/56.3) 2 (0.1/66.7) 1 (0.1/33.3)
  1. aNA indicates that the antibiotic was not tested or was not relevant for the given organism
  2. bMDR excluding ESBL-producing and carbapenem-resistant bacteria
  3. cThe two numbers in parentheses indicate number of colonized women and the number of isolates of each given species, respectively
\