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Table 2 Knowledge of antibiotic prescriptions and antimicrobial resistance among physicians in Nigeria

From: Predictors of antibiotic prescriptions: a knowledge, attitude and practice survey among physicians in tertiary hospitals in Nigeria

  Knowledge questions % Correct
A Awareness of antibiotic use and resistance  
  Have you previously heard about any of the following?  
1 Rational antibiotic use 89.6
2 Antibiotic resistance 97.7
3 Antibiotic stewardship program 40.6
4 Antibiogram 45.3
5 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) 83.2
6 Vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) 74.2
7 Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) 65.3
8 Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) 48.9
  Overall % correct—median (IQR) = 75 (62.5, 87.5)  
B Knowledge of rational antibiotic use  
  Concerning antibiotic use which of the following statements are correct?  
9 Antibiotics should not be used to treat non-bacterial infections 76.6
10 Antibiotics may be used to treat common cold 71.5
11 Antibiotics should be avoided in cases of acute diarrhoea 51.5
12 Antibiotics should be stopped as soon as patient symptoms resolve 84.1
13 Antibiotics should only be stopped after completing recommended doses 85.4
14 Parenteral antibiotics are more effective than oral antibiotics 49
15 Prophylactic surgical antibiotic should be discontinued after 24hours 39.4
16 Prophylactic surgical antibiotic should not be given for less than 3 days 47.1
  Overall % correct—median (IQR) = 62.5 (50, 75)  
C Knowledge of definition of AMR  
17 Antibiotic resistance means the micro-organism is resistant to the antibiotic 69.3
D Knowledge of causes of AMR  
  The following are known to promote emergence of antibiotic resistance?  
18 Widespread use of antibiotics 90
19 Use of broad-spectrum antibiotics 56.6
20 Antibiotic use in animal husbandry 41.5
21 Antibiotic use in farming 39.7
22 Poor practice of hand hygiene in hospitals 47.7
23 Prescribing parenteral antibiotics 62.6
24 Lack of antibiotics prescribing guidelines 91.8
25 Microbial mutations 94.3
26 Premature interruption of antibiotics 92.7
27 Use of antibiotics to treat common cold 74.5
28 Vaccination 74.5
  Overall % correct—median (IQR) = 72.7 (63.6, 81.8)