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Table 6 Univariate analysis of factors associated with good knowledge, attitude, practice, and prescription among physicians in Nigeria

From: Predictors of antibiotic prescriptions: a knowledge, attitude and practice survey among physicians in tertiary hospitals in Nigeria

Variable N Good knowledge Good attitude Good practice Good prescription
   n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Gender      
Female 430 84 (19.8) 177 (41.5) 138 (32.5) 149 (34.7)
Male 889 208 (23.6) 353 (39.8) 277 (31.3) 268 (30.1)
Age group      
< 36 years 817 146 (18.1)* 298 (36.7)* 238 (29.4)* 244 (29.9)
36–49 years 456 128 (28.1) 206 (45.3) 151 (33.3) 160 (35.1)
> 49 years 51 19 (37.3) 27 (52.9) 27 (52.9) 16 (31.4)
Professional rank      
House officers 268 33 (12.5)* 71 (26.9)* 69 (26.2)* 61 (22.8)
Medical officers/residents 879 197 (22.6) 362 (41.2) 290 (33.1) 280 (31.9)
Consultants 177 63 (35.6) 98 (55.7) 57 (32.4) 79 (44.6)
Prior AMR training      
No 870 142 (16.5)* 323 (37.3)* 257 (29.8)* 279 (32.1)
Yes 417 143 (34.5) 190 (45.7) 147 (35.3) 132 (31.7)
Department      
Paediatrics 132 30 (22.9)* 54 (41.2) 38 (29)* 23 (17.4)*
Internal medicine 259 75 (29) 121 (46.9) 81 (31.5) 77 (29.7)
O&G 515 105 (20.5) 197 (38.5) 150 (29.5) 161 (31.3)
Surgery 164 42 (25.8) 67 (41.1) 58 (35.4) 60 (36.6)
Family medicine 80 14 (18.2) 25 (31.2) 39 (48.8) 22 (27.5)
Others 174 27 (15.9) 67 (38.5) 50 (28.7) 77 (44.3)
Hospital      
LUTH 123 50 (40.7)* 86 (69.9)* 52 (42.3)* 45 (36.6)*
UCH 100 37 (37.4) 51 (52) 40 (40.8) 47 (47)
UATH 98 25 (25.5) 41 (42.3) 37 (37.8) 24 (24.5)
ABUTH 235 48 (20.4) 103 (43.8) 63 (26.9) 80 (34)
FMCY 83 13 (16.2) 18 (21.7) 33 (39.8) 24 (28.9)
NDUTH 109 21 (19.4) 32 (29.6) 39 (36.1) 34 (31.2)
UNTH 88 12 (13.6) 23 (26.1) 13 (15.1) 25 (28.4)
AKTH 107 29 (28.2) 45 (42.1) 19 (17.8) 30 (28)
UCTH 164 27 (16.5) 52 (31.7) 61 (37.2) 57 (34.8)
FMCO 136 27 (20.3) 62 (46.3) 42 (31.6) 39 (28.7)
FMCN 38 2 (5.3) 7 (18.4) 9 (23.7) 5 (13.2)
FMCBK 43 2 (4.7) 11 (25.6) 8 (18.6) 10 (23.3)
All participants 1324 293 (22.3) 531 (40.3) 416 (31.6) 420 (31.7)
  1. N number of participants, AMR antimicrobial resistance, UNTH University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, AKTH Aminu Kano University Teaching Hospital, Kano, NDUTH Niger Delta University Teaching Hospital, Bayelsa, UCH University College Hospital, Oyo State, LUTH Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, UCTH University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, UATH University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, FMCN Federal Medical Centre, Nguru, Yobe, FMCY Federal Medical Centre, Yenagoa, Bayelsa, FMCO Federal Medical Centre, Owerri, Imo, FMCBK Federal Medical Centre, Birnin Kudu, Jigawa, ABUTH Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Kaduna
  2. *p < 0.05