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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics and associations with SMA N (%)

From: Prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics and its related factors among Chinese residents: a cross-sectional study

Variables Number Antibiotics self-medication χ2 P
Yes No
Gender     3.013 0.083
 Male 1074 (33.50) 125 (11.64) 949 (88.36)   
 Female 2132 (66.50) 206 (9.66) 1926 (90.34)   
Age     10.023 0.018
 ≤ 24 759 (23.67) 64 (8.43) 695 (91.57)   
 25–44 1859 (57.99) 188 (10.11) 1671 (89.89)   
 45–59 528 (16.47) 73 (13.83) 455 (86.17)   
 ≥ 60 60 (1.87) 6 (10.00) 54 (90.00)   
Location     5.497 0.019
 Urban 2470 (77.04) 272 (11.01) 2198 (88.99)   
 Rural 736 (22.96) 59 (8.02) 677 (91.98)   
Education level     7.982 0.046
 Junior high school and below 470 (14.66) 40 (8.51) 430 (91.49)   
 High school 703 (21.93) 76 (10.81) 627 (89.19)   
 Undergraduate 1475 (46.01) 141 (9.56) 1334 (90.44)   
 Postgraduate and above 558 (17.40) 74 (13.26) 484 (86.74)   
Self-perceived health status     8.480 0.014
 Good 1691 (52.74) 155 (9.17) 1536 (90.83)   
 Average 1334 (41.61) 148 (11.09) 1186 (88.91)   
 Poor 181 (5.65) 28 (15.47) 153 (84.53)   
Self-perceived economic status     10.800 0.005
 Good 452 (14.10) 66 (14.60) 386 (85.40)   
 Average 2364 (73.74) 231 (9.77) 2133 (90.23)   
 Poor 390 (12.16) 34 (8.72) 356 (91.28)   
Reserve antibiotics at home      
 Hardly 1228 (38.30) 187 (15.23) 1041 (84.77) 74.275 0.000
 Occasionally 330 (10.29) 48 (14.55) 282 (85.45)   
 Always 1648 (51.40) 96 (5.83) 1552 (94.17)   
Total 3206 (100) 331 (10.32) 2875 (89.68)