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Table 2 Participants' antibiotic knowledge level and health beliefs N (%)

From: Prevalence of self-medication with antibiotics and its related factors among Chinese residents: a cross-sectional study

Variables Number Antibiotics self-medication χ2 P
Yes No
Perceived threats     27.936 < 0.001
 High 631 (19.68) 34 (5.39) 597 (94.61)   
 Middle 2076 (64.75) 223 (10.74) 1853 (89.26)   
 Low 499 (15.56) 74 (14.83) 425 (85.17)   
Perceived benefits     3.343 0.188
 High 986 (30.75) 88 (8.92) 898 (91.08)   
 Middle 1488 (46.32) 159 (10.69) 1329 (89.31)   
 Low 732 (22.83) 84 (11.48) 648 (88.52)   
Perceived barriers     37.471 < 0.001
 High 642 (20.02) 99 (15.42) 543 (84.58)   
 Middle 2059 (64.22) 210 (10.20) 1849 (89.80)   
 Low 505 (15.75) 22 (4.36) 483 (95.64)   
Self-efficacy     31.187 < 0.001
 High 751 (23.42) 43 (5.72) 708 (94.27)   
 Middle 1937 (60.42) 209 (10.79) 1728 (89.21)   
 Low 518 (16.16) 79 (15.25) 439 (84.75)   
Antibiotic knowledge level     0.296 0.863
 High 386 (12.04) 41 (10.62) 345 (89.38)   
 Middle 2306 (71.93) 234 (10.15) 2072 (89.85)   
 Low 514 (16.03) 56 (10.89) 458 (89.10)