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Table 2 Type and frequency of all healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) registered by the active surveillance system among the patients admitted to the main Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of Umberto I teaching hospital of Rome between 1st March and 4th April 2019 and 1st March and 4th April 2020. Results are expressed as number (percentage)

From: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on healthcare-associated infections in intensive care unit patients: a retrospective cohort study

  2019 cohort 2020 cohort
HAI 14 (100) 45 (100)
 Device-related HAI   
  VAP 0 (0.0) 17 (37.8)
  CRBSI 1 (7.1) 0 (0.0)
  CAUTI 1 (7.1) 10 (22.2)
 BUO 12 (85.8) 14 (31.1)
 Clostridium difficile infection 0 (0.0) 2 (4.4)
 Surgical site infection 0 (0.0) 1 (2.2)
 Healthcare-associated pneumonia 0 (0.0) 1 (2.2)
Microorganism 19 (100) 62 (100)
 Acinetobacter baumannii 6 (31.6) 18 (29.0)
 Candida albicans or parapsilosis 0 (0.0) 6 (9.7)
 Clostridium difficile 0 (0.0) 2 (3.2)
 Enterobateriaceae 3 (15.8) 9 (14.5)
 Enterococci 6 (31.6) 3 (4.8)
 Klebsiella pneumoniae 3 (15.8) 9 (14.5)
 Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1 (5.3) 5 (8.1)
 Staphylococcus aureus 0 (0.0) 2 (3.2)
 Coagulase Negative Staphylococci 0 (0.0) 8 (12.9)
  1. VAP Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia, CRBSI Catheter-Related Blood Stream Infection, CAUTI Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection, BUO Bloodstream infections of Unknown Origin