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Table 2 General characteristics in groups as per CRE-status, department, crude mortality, culture confirmed HAI, HAI related mortality, duration of hospital stay, total cost and most common primary diagnosis during ICU care

From: Admission screening and cohort care decrease carbapenem resistant enterobacteriaceae in Vietnamese pediatric ICU’s

Variables NICU PICU SICU Crude mortality HAI* HAI mortality Total Hospital stay (days) Cost
Female (%) 117 (40) 82 (28) 91 (31) 73 (25) 18 (6) 10 (3.5) 290 16 1909
Male (%) 206 (51) 88 (22) 108 (27) 94 (23) 39 (10) 16 (4) 402 19 2311
CRE + at admission (%) 151 (49) 84 (27) 71 (23) 65 (21) 30 (10) 15 (5) 306 24.2 2419
CRE—at admission (%) 172 (44) 88 (23) 128 (33) 102 (26) 29 (7) 11 (3) 388 14.2 1917
CRE Acquisition (%) 82 (56) 39 (27) 26 (18) 19 (13) 20 (14) 5 (3) 147 24.3 2852
No CRE acquisition (%) 27 (28) 21 (22) 49 (51) 21 (28) 2 (2) 1 (1) 97 14.6 2295
CRE—not re-screened** (%) 63 (44) 28 (19) 53 (37) 63 (44) 7 (5) 5 (3.5) 144 3.8 712
CRE + total (%) 233 (51) 123 (27) 97 (21) 84 (19) A 50 (11) B 20 (4) C 453 T 23.4 D 2568 E
CRE—total (%) 90 (37) 49 (20) 102 (42) 83 (34) A 9 (4) B 6 (2.5) C 241 T 8.1 D 1351 E
Total (%) 323 (46) 172 (25) 199 (29) 167 (24) 59 (8.5) 26 (3.7) 694 18.0 2141
Age at screening (months) 0.32 22.2 32.6 13.1 3.88 1.16 12.9 NA NA
Pneumonia + bronchiolitis (J12–21) 44 65 18 14 (11) 11 (9) 1 (1) 127 20 2344
Congenital malformations (Q01–99) 25 11 59 24 (25) 8 (8) 3 (3) 95 20 2303
Extreme immaturity + Other preterm infants (P07–07.3) 51 3 0 13 (24) 8 (15) 1 (2) 54 19 2644
Bacterial sepsis of newborn (P36) 45 0 0 18 (40) 9 (20) 6 (13) 45 20 2006
Birth asphyxia + Respiratory distress (P21–P22.1) 38 0 2 10 (25) 5 (13) 5 (13) 40 14 1531
Malignant neoplasms (C22–C92) 1 6 28 8 (23) 1 (3) 0 35 18 1707
Neonatal jaundice (P55.0–P59.0) 23 1 1 0 0 0 25 16 701
Sepsis + Septic shock (A41.0–41.9 + R57.2) 1 16 4 12 (57) 1 (5) 1 (5) 21 25 3303
Intracerebral haemorrhage (I61) 1 0 18 5 (26) 0 0 19 13 1040
Acuter respiratory failure (J96.0) 2 7 3 10 (83) 0 0 12 12 4035
  1. *Culture confirmed HAI caused by Enterobacteriaceae
  2. **CREneg at admission and not re-screened and discharged < 1 week
  3. CREpos total vs CREneg total:
  4. A. Crude mortality vs Total mortality, significant p < 0.001 Chi2
  5. B. HAI (n), significant p < 0.002 Chi2
  6. C. HAI mortality vs Crude mortality, significant p < 0.005 Chi2
  7. D. Hospital stay days, significant p < 0.001 t-test
  8. E. Cost, significant p < 0.001 t-test