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Table 3 Costs of clinical best practices over two hour observation period

From: A pre-pandemic COVID-19 assessment of the costs of prevention and control interventions for healthcare associated infections in medical and surgical wards in Québec

Clinical best practice costs Median Confidence interval Median Confidence interval  
($) 2.5 97.5 $ 2.5 97.5
Percentile ($) Percentile ($) Percentile ($) Percentile ($)
  N = 867    N = 1   
Hand hygiene total cost 170.2 26.4 335.5 0.2 0.03** 0.4
 Human resource cost 159.7 20.0 321.9 0.2 0.02** 0.4
 Product cost 10.4 6.4 13.6 0.01** 0.01** 0.02
  N = 102 ($)   N = 1 ($)  
 Hygiene and sanitation of surfaces total cost 21.9 13.3 30.9 0.2 0.1 0.3
 Human resource cost 9.2 0.7 18.2 0.9 0.01** 0.2
 Product cost 12.7 12.7 12.7 0.1 0.1 0.1
  N = 85 ($)   N = 1 ($)  
 Cleaning of small equipment total cost 21.5 6.6 40.4 0.3 0.1 0.5
 Human resource cost 21.5 6.6 40.4 0.3 0.1 0.5
 Reusable materials *       
 Products for disinfection*       
  N = 57 ($)   N = 1 ($)  
 Additional precautions total cost 235.3 26.6 462.8 4.1 0.3 5.4
 Human resource cost 235.3 26.6 462.8 4.13 0.3 5.4
  N = 720 ($)   N = 1 ($)  
 Personal protective equipment (PPE) total cost 546.8 445.0 660.7 0.8 0.6 0.9
 Human resource cost 114.1 12.4 228.0 0.2 0.02** 0.3
 PPE material 432.7 432.7 432.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
  N = 1831 ($)   N = 1 ($)  
 Total clinical best practice costs for two hours of observation 996.2 518.3 1530.6 0.5 0.3 0.8
 Total clinical best practice costs per hour 498.1 259.2 765.3 0.3 0.1 0.4
  1. *There were insufficient (missing) data
  2. **For all results where values were below 0.05 we kept two decimal places to better represent the value