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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of the included patients and contamination of personal protective equipment according to the type of activity and contact time

From: Are coveralls required as personal protective equipment during the management of COVID-19 patients?

PPE Patient Type of oxygen delivery PF ratio Sampling days from admission Sampling days from symptom onset Type of activity Aerosol generating procedures Contact time (min) Ct value of respiratory samples Sites of PPE contamination (Genes, Ct value)
1 A HFNC 73 5 10 Examination, general care No 20 22.52 ND
2 B HFNC 125 3 11 Examination, general care No 10 20.13 ND
3 A HFNC 73 6 11 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample No 10 26.54 ND
4 A MV 72 7 12 Examination, intubation, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample, suctioning of airway Yes (intubation, suctioning of airway) 20 26.54 ND
5 C HFNC 94 1 9 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample No 30 19.65 ND
6 C HFNC 94 1 9 Examination, general care No 30 19.65 ND
7 C HFNC 69 2 10 Examination, general care No 15 15.56 Abdomen (RdRP/S 38.62, E 38.17, N ND)
8 D NP 243 2 2 Examination, general care, suctioning of airway Yes (suctioning of airway) 15 13.88 ND
9 C MV 92 3 11 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample, suctioning of airway Yes (suctioning of airway) 20 22.19 Forearm (RdRP/S ND, E 37.91, N ND)
10 D HFNC 73 7 7 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample, suctioning of airway Yes (suctioning of airway) 20 24.23 ND
11 F HFNC 75 3 6 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample No 30 22.63 ND
12 G HFNC 150 2 5 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample No 20 16.87 ND
13 G HFNC 113 5 8 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample, nebulizer Yes (nebulizer) 20 22.09 ND
14 H HFNC 108 5 10 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample No 20 19.10 ND
15 I HFNC 110 2 8 Examination, general care, acquisition of nasopharyngeal and lower respiratory sample No 30 21.43 Abdomen (RdRP/S 37.91, E ND, N ND)
  1. PPE personal protective equipment; PF ratio the ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen; Ct cycle threshold; HFNC high flow nasal canula; MV mechanical ventilation; ND not detected