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Table 5 Culture positivity rate according to clinical diagnosis,

From: Prevalence and characterization of antimicrobial resistance among gram-negative bacteria isolated from febrile hospitalized patients in central Ethiopia

Infectious focus/laboratory parameters Culture positive (N = 66) Culture negative (N = 618) p value
  % (n) % (n)
Pneumonia/RTI (n = 165) 19.7 (13) 24.6 (152) 0.38
Urinary tract infections (n = 30) 7.6 (5) 4.4 (25) 0.20
Meningitis/encephalitis (n = 57) 6.1 (4) 8.6 (53) 0.48
GITI/hepatitis (n = 43) 6.1 (4) 6.3 (39) 0.94
SSTIs (n = 52) 28.8 (19) 5.3 (33)  < 0.001
Acute febrile illness with unknown source (n = 264) 22.7 (15) 40.3 (249) 0.005
Sepsis* (n = 32) 4.5 (3) 4.7 (29) 0.96
HIV seropositivity (n = 58) 9.1 (6) 8.4 (52) 0.85
Leukocyte count > 12,000 or < 4000/µL (n = 218) 42.4 (28) 30.7 (190) 0.07
  Mean Mean  
CRP in mg/L 71.7 64.6 0.20
  1. RTIs respiratory tract infections, SSTI skin and soft tissue infection, GITI gastrointestinal tract infection, CRP C-reactive protein
  2. *According to the clinician’s diagnosis, regardless of the focus of the infection