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Table 2 Annual burden per 100,000 population of five types of healthcare-associated infections from the Australian PPS, and the ECDC PPS Sample

From: Burden of five healthcare associated infections in Australia

  Sample SSI UTI CDI HAP BSI All
HAIs Australia 179.8
(126.7–259.3)
172.4
(102.4–279.4)
20.8
(9.6–43.7)
209.3
(127.4–336.9)
97.5
(63.7–147.3)
693.4
(551.9–869.5)
ECDC 19.9
(17.7–22.2)
128.7
(122.4–135.1)
155.9
(148.6–163.5)
99.4
(94.3–104.6)
14.4
(12.7–16.4)
418.4
(407.3–430)
German 162.8
(137.6–191)
146
(127.1–167.8)
52.6
(41.9–65.8)
228.8
(199.7–262.6)
44.6 (35.6–55.3) 636.3
(589–686.7)
Deaths Australia 3.6
(2.5–5.1)
3
(1.1–7.2)
1.1
(0.1–3.4)
7.7
(1.9–18)
14.3
(7.6–24.7)
30.8
(20.1–45.3)
ECDC 3
(1.9–4.1)
4.8
(1.2–9.2)
2.7
(1.1–5.4)
2.3
(2.2–2.4)
0.8
(0–1.6)
13.8
(9.3–19.1)
German 6.1
(1.6–12)
3.7
(3.2–4.2)
7.8
(4.8–11.6)
4
(1.6–8)
2.4
(0.1–5.1)
24.5
(16.9–32.7)
DALYs Australia 53.6
(37.8–77.2)
65.4
(24.1–151.3)
11.2
(1–35.2)
159.7
(71.6–316.7)
190.1
(106.5–321.6)
497.5
(346.1–702.4)
ECDC 43.1
(29.1–58.1)
84.4
(43.7–131.1)
48.4
(20.6–88.2)
30.3
(28.8–31.9)
8.3
(0.7–16.2)
216.5
(158.8–280.9)
German 98.6
(51–159.3)
44.6
(38.8–51.3)
102.2
(66.2–148.2)
70.3
(30.1–130.8)
23.8
(2.1–49)
344.7
(256–442.2)
  1. SSI surgical site infections, UTI urinary tract infections, CDI Clostridioides difficile infection, HAP healthcare acquired pneumonia, BSI bloodstream infection, DALYs disability adjusted life years, YLL years of life lost, YLD years lived with disability