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Table 3 Demographic factors and coinfections in women with Candida albicans versus non-albicans species isolated from vaginal swabs in Namibia (n = 106)

From: Importance of Candida infection and fluconazole resistance in women with vaginal discharge syndrome in Namibia

Syndrome/infection Candida albicans (n = 86) Non-albicans Candida (n = 20) COR 95% CI p value
Median age in years (IQR)a 27.5 (23–32) 29.5 (23–37) 0.94 0.90–0.98 0.01
Pregnancya      
Pregnant 27 (31) 0 (0) 1.9 1.0–3.5 0.002
Not pregnant 59 (690 20 (100)    
HIV status      
HIV-positive 17 (20) 2 (10) 2.2 0.45–21 0.52
HIV-negative 69 (80) 18 (90)    
Chlamydia trachomatis 7 (8.1) 0 (0) 0.34
Neisseria gonorrhoea 4 (4.7) 0 (0) 1.00
Trichomonas vaginalis 21 (24) 2 (10) 2.9 0.61–28 0.23
Bacterial vaginosis 32 (37) 5 (25) 1.8 0.54–6.8 0.44
  1. Data are presented as number (n) with proportion (%) unless indicated otherwise
  2. Four women with concurrent Candida albicans and non-albicans species are not included in this analysis
  3. COR, crude odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; IQR, interquartile range; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus
  4. aMultivariate analysis: adjusted odds ratio for age is 0.94 (95%CI 0.90–0.98, p = 0.01) and for pregnancy 1.9 (95% CI 1.0–3.5, p = 0.002)