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Table 3 Demographic factors and coinfections in women with Candida albicans versus non-albicans species isolated from vaginal swabs in Namibia (n = 106)

From: Importance of Candida infection and fluconazole resistance in women with vaginal discharge syndrome in Namibia

Syndrome/infection

Candida albicans (n = 86)

Non-albicans Candida (n = 20)

COR

95% CI

p value

Median age in years (IQR)a

27.5 (23–32)

29.5 (23–37)

0.94

0.90–0.98

0.01

Pregnancya

     

Pregnant

27 (31)

0 (0)

1.9

1.0–3.5

0.002

Not pregnant

59 (690

20 (100)

   

HIV status

     

HIV-positive

17 (20)

2 (10)

2.2

0.45–21

0.52

HIV-negative

69 (80)

18 (90)

   

Chlamydia trachomatis

7 (8.1)

0 (0)

0.34

Neisseria gonorrhoea

4 (4.7)

0 (0)

1.00

Trichomonas vaginalis

21 (24)

2 (10)

2.9

0.61–28

0.23

Bacterial vaginosis

32 (37)

5 (25)

1.8

0.54–6.8

0.44

  1. Data are presented as number (n) with proportion (%) unless indicated otherwise
  2. Four women with concurrent Candida albicans and non-albicans species are not included in this analysis
  3. COR, crude odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; IQR, interquartile range; HIV, human immunodeficiency virus
  4. aMultivariate analysis: adjusted odds ratio for age is 0.94 (95%CI 0.90–0.98, p = 0.01) and for pregnancy 1.9 (95% CI 1.0–3.5, p = 0.002)