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Table 3 Distribution of respondents on knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) aspects of antimicrobial self-medication

From: A cross-sectional study of antimicrobial use among self-medicating COVID-19 cases in Nyeri County, Kenya

Aware of regulations towards antibiotic self-medication Freq Percent
No 126 49.6
Yes 128 50.4
Total 254 100
Knew dosage at time when taking antibiotics? Freq Percent
No 5 8.3
Yes 55 91.7
Total 60 100
How knew dosage? Freq Percent
By checking the package insert 11 20.0
By consulting a health care provider 21 38.2
By consulting a dispensing personnel 15 27.3
Other* 8 14.5
Total 55 100
Know duration of taking antimicrobial medicines? Freq Percent
No 89 35.0
Yes 165 65.0
Total 254 100
Would recommend treatment taken to someone in community? Freq Percent
No 194 76.4
Yes 60 23.6
Total 254 100
Normally use similar drugs whenever ill? Freq Percent
No 33 55.0
Yes 27 45.0
Total 60 100
What do you think of self-medication with antibiotics for self-health care? Freq Percent
Acceptable practice 13 5.1
Good practice 7 2.8
Not acceptable 234 92.1
Total 254 100.0
Do you think antibiotic self-medication is associated with risks? Freq Percent
No 20 7.9
Yes 234 92.1
Total 254 100
What are the best practices while taking antimicrobial medicines? Freq Percent
You finish the medication as directed by a health practitioner 246 96.8
You discard the remaining left-over medications 2 0.8
You leave medication immediately you feel better 1 0.4
You save medication to take next time you become ill 1 0.4
Other 4 1.6
Total 254 100
What to be done-create awareness Freq Percent
No 81 31.9
Yes 173 68.1
Total 254 100
What to be done-implement laws on self-medication Freq Percent
No 206 81.1
Yes 48 18.9
Total 254 100
What to be done-advocate for behavioral change Freq Percent
No 241 94.9
Yes 13 5.12
Total 254 100
  1. *Includes consulting family member/friend; from previous experience