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  1. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) present a challenge to disease control in East Africa. Resistance to beta-lactams, which are by far the most used antibiotics worldwide and include th...

    Authors: Bugwesa Z. Katale, Gerald Misinzo, Stephen E. Mshana, Harriet Chiyangi, Susana Campino, Taane G. Clark, Liam Good, Mark M. Rweyemamu and Mecky I. Matee
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:127
  2. Currently available evidence supports that the predominant route of human-to-human transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 is through respiratory droplets and/or contact routes. The report by the World Health Organizat...

    Authors: John Conly, W. H. Seto, Didier Pittet, Alison Holmes, May Chu and Paul R. Hunter
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:126

    The Correction to this article has been published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:151

  3. The potentials of audit and feedback (AF) to improve healthcare are currently not exploited. To unlock the potentials of AF, this study focused on the process of making sense of audit data and translating data...

    Authors: J. Keizer, N. Beerlage-De Jong, N. Al Naiemi and J. E. W. C. van Gemert-Pijnen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:125
  4. Fluoroquinolone resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa typically arises through site-specific mutations and overexpression of efflux pumps. In this study, we investigated the dynamics of different resistance mechan...

    Authors: Lei Zhao, Shiqi Wang, Xiaobing Li, Xiaojing He and Lingyan Jian
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:124
  5. There are few studies focused on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) bloodstream infection (BSI). The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence and risk factors for infection and mortality of ...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Li, Jihong Li, Tong Hu, Jia Hu, Ning Song, Yu Zhang and Yuan Chen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:79
  6. Many studies had shown that prophylactic use of antibiotics could significantly reduce the intracranial infection (ICI) rate of craniotomy. However, there has been no comparison of these antibiotics.

    Authors: Yulong Cao, Bin Wang, Jiao Shan, Zhizhong Gong, Jiqiu Kuang and Yan Gao
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:122
  7. Widespread use and misuse of antibiotics have led to a dramatic increase in the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria, while the discovery and development of new antibiotics is declining. This has made ce...

    Authors: B. van Dijk, J. V. C. Lemans, R. M. Hoogendoorn, E. Dadachova, J. M. H. de Klerk, H. C. Vogely, H. Weinans, M. G. E. H. Lam and B. C. H. van der Wal
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:121
  8. Preoperative skin antisepsis is an essential component of safe surgery. However, it is unclear how many antiseptic paints are needed to eliminate bacteria prior to incision. This study compared microbial skin ...

    Authors: Jan A. Roth, Cyrill Schwab, Andrew Atkinson, Markus von Flüe, Christoph Kettelhack, Friedrich S. Eckstein, Manuel Battegay, Steffi Klimke, Reno Frei and Andreas F. Widmer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:120
  9. Rat bite fever is a systemic febrile illness caused by infection with the Gram-negative bacillus Streptobacillus moniliformis following a bite, scratch, or contact with excrement. Only 26 cases of native valve en...

    Authors: Kathryn R. Crofton, Jiqing Ye and Emil P. Lesho
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:119
  10. Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is associated with an increased risk of infection. Colonization with MRSA is observed in < 1% of the general Dutch population. Increased risk f...

    Authors: E. van Dulm, S. Klok, A. Boyd, I. K. Joore, M. Prins, A. P. van Dam, G. A. Tramper-Stranders and Y. T. H. P. van Duijnhoven
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:118
  11. Ralstonia species are Gram-negative bacilli of low virulence. These organisms are capable of causing healthcare associated infections through contaminated solutions. In this study, we aimed to determine the sourc...

    Authors: Mohamed Said, Wesley van Hougenhouck-Tulleken, Rashmika Naidoo, Nontombi Mbelle and Farzana Ismail
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:117
  12. Maintenance treatment with macrolide antibiotics has shown to be effective in reducing exacerbations in COPD patients. A major concern with prolonged treatment with antibiotics is the development of bacterial ...

    Authors: Remco S. Djamin, Sander Talman, Eefje J. A. Schrauwen, Christian J. H. von Wintersdorff, Petra F. Wolffs, Paul H. M. Savelkoul, Sevim Uzun, René Kerstens, Menno M. van der Eerden and Jan A. J. W. Kluytmans
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:116
  13. Due to the increasing rate of hospital-acquired infections, it is essential to select appropriate disinfectant agents. In this study, the efficacy of hospital disinfectants against nosocomial infection pathoge...

    Authors: Fahim Amini Tapouk, Ramin Nabizadeh, Nezam Mirzaei, Nima Hosseini Jazani, Mahmood Yousefi and Mohamad Amin Valizade Hasanloei
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:115
  14. In order to change antibiotic prescribing behaviour, we need to understand the prescribing process. The aim of this study was to identify targets for antibiotic stewardship interventions in hospitals through a...

    Authors: Jannicke Slettli Wathne, Brita Skodvin, Esmita Charani, Stig Harthug, Hege Salvesen Blix, Roy M. Nilsen, Lars Kåre Selland Kleppe, Marta Vukovic and Ingrid Smith
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:114
  15. Interventions to improve hand hygiene (HH) compliance are a key element in the practice infection prevention and control. It was our objective to assess the effect of a multimodal intervention on HH compliance...

    Authors: Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi, Christin Schröder, Elke Lemke, Michael Behnke, Patricia Manuela Fliss, Carolin Plotzki, Janina Wenk, Petra Gastmeier and Tobias Siegfried Kramer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:113
  16. The global spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections necessitates the use of validated methods for the identification and typing of this bacterium. This study aimed to determine the ...

    Authors: Farzaneh Firoozeh, Mitra Omidi, Mahmood Saffari, Hossein Sedaghat and Mohammad Zibaei
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:112
  17. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), including methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), is an eminent human pathogen that can colonize the human host and cause severe lif...

    Authors: Xu Chen, Kai Ma, Xu Yi, Lijuan Xiong, Yu Wang and Shijun Li
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:111
  18. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a global public health problem. For the fulfillment of Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030, the promotion of preventive care medicine through HAI management is a crucial issu...

    Authors: Esther Paul, Ibrahim A. Alzaydani Asiri, Ahmed Al-Hakami, Harish C. Chandramoorthy, Sarah Alshehri, C. M. Beynon, Abdullah M. Alkahtani and Ali H. Asiri
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:110
  19. In addition to an overall rise in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm), an increase in certain strain types marked by sequence type (ST) and cluster type (CT) has been reported in Germany over the pa...

    Authors: Anna Weber, Friederike Maechler, Frank Schwab, Petra Gastmeier and Axel Kola
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:109
  20. At Makassed Hospital’s open-bay intensive care unit (ICU), enhanced terminal disinfection (ETD) using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was performed without a predefined schedule in extensively-drug-resistant Acinetobact...

    Authors: Rima Moghnieh, Hani Tamim, Marwa Jadayel, Dania Abdallah, Rasha Al-Kassem, Hind Kadiri, Hani Hafez, Salam Al-Hassan, Lina Ajjour, Rawad Lakkis, Tamima Jisr, Nadia-Lara Samaha and Nicholas Haddad
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:108
  21. The prevalence of extended beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) has been constantly increasing over the last few decades. These microorganisms that have acquired broad antibiotic resistance are...

    Authors: Quentin Le Bastard, Guillaume Chapelet, Gabriel Birgand, Benjamin M. Hillmann, François Javaudin, Niki Hayatgheib, Céline Bourigault, Pascale Bemer, Laure De Decker, Eric Batard, Didier Lepelletier and Emmanuel Montassier
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:107
  22. Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are an important reservoir of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). Colonization of LTCF residents by MDROs is generally higher in Italy compared to other European countries....

    Authors: Richard Aschbacher, Leonardo Pagani, Roberta Migliavacca and Laura Pagani
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:106
  23. This study was designed to assess the awareness and knowledge of antibiotic usage and antibiotic resistance among the general public in the Cape Coast metropolis of Ghana. It also tries to decipher whether the...

    Authors: Clement Yaw Effah, Adwoa Nyantakyiwaa Amoah, Hong Liu, Clement Agboyibor, Lijun Miao, Jing Wang and Yongjun Wu
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:105
  24. Patient-level surveillance (indication, appropriate choice, dosing, route, duration) of antimicrobial use in Canadian hospitals is needed to reduce antimicrobial overuse and misuse. Patient-level surveillance ...

    Authors: Charles Frenette, David Sperlea, Greg J. German, Kevin Afra, Jennifer Boswell, Sandra Chang, Herman Goossens, Jennifer Grant, Marie-Astrid Lefebvre, Allison McGeer, Dominic Mertz, Michelle Science, Ann Versporten and Daniel J. G. Thirion
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:104
  25. Livestock production, particularly the dairy sector, is important for food and nutritional wellbeing of communities in India, it supports livelihoods of many farmers, and contributes to the economy of the coun...

    Authors: Florence Mutua, Garima Sharma, Delia Grace, Samiran Bandyopadhyay, Bibek Shome and Johanna Lindahl
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:103
  26. Carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (CP-Kp) has been established as important nosocomial pathogen in most tertiary care hospitals in Greece. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of an enhanced...

    Authors: Kalliopi Spyridopoulou, Mina Psichogiou, Vana Sypsa, Vivi Miriagou, Amalia Karapanou, Linos Hadjihannas, Leonidas Tzouvelekis and George L. Daikos
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:102
  27. The worldwide emergence and clonal spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is of great concern. The aim of this nationwide study was to investigate the prevalence of CRAB isolates in Serbia ...

    Authors: Bojana Lukovic, Ina Gajic, Ivica Dimkic, Dusan Kekic, Sanja Zornic, Tatjana Pozder, Svetlana Radisavljevic, Nataša Opavski, Milan Kojic and Lazar Ranin
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:101
  28. To determine the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission by aerosols, to provide evidence on the rational use of masks, and to discuss additional measures important for the protection of healthcare workers from COVID-19.

    Authors: Rami Sommerstein, Christoph Andreas Fux, Danielle Vuichard-Gysin, Mohamed Abbas, Jonas Marschall, Carlo Balmelli, Nicolas Troillet, Stephan Harbarth, Matthias Schlegel and Andreas Widmer
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:100
  29. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) describes activities concerned with safe-guarding antibiotics for the future, reducing drivers for the major global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), where...

    Authors: Kay Currie, Rebecca Laidlaw, Valerie Ness, Lucyna Gozdzielewska, William Malcom, Jacqueline Sneddon, Ronald Andrew Seaton and Paul Flowers
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:99
  30. To investigate the relationship between Clostridium (Clostridioides) difficile strain characteristics and C. difficile infection (CDI) outcome.

    Authors: Marcela Krutova, Vaclav Capek, Elka Nycova, Sabina Vojackova, Magda Balejova, Lenka Geigerova, Renata Tejkalova, Lenka Havlinova, Iva Vagnerova, Pavel Cermak, Lenka Ryskova, Petr Jezek, Dana Zamazalova, Denisa Vesela, Alice Kucharova, Dana Nemcova…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:98
  31. Urine cultures are often positive in the absence of a urinary tract infection (UTI). Pyuria is generally considered necessary to diagnose a UTI.

    Authors: Chelsea S. Lynch, Andrea Appleby-Sigler, Jacqueline T. Bork, Rohini Davé, Kathy Agnes, Molly Sanikop, Doris Heath, Arlene F. Clark, Kimberly Claeys, Min Zhan and Daniel J. Morgan
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:96
  32. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs have shown to reduce the emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and health-care-associated infections (HAIs), and save health-care costs associated with an inappro...

    Authors: Awad Al-Omari, Abbas Al Mutair, Saad Alhumaid, Samer Salih, Ahmed Alanazi, Hesham Albarsan, Maha Abourayan and Maha Al Subaie
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:95
  33. Colistin is considered as a last resort treatment for infections caused by multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Plasmid-mediated mobile colistin resistance (mcr) genes contributed to the global spread of colis...

    Authors: Tamara Salloum, Balig Panossian, Ibrahim Bitar, Jaroslav Hrabak, George F. Araj and Sima Tokajian
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:94
  34. Intensive medical care in companion animal clinics could pose a risk for the selection and dissemination of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). Infection prevention and control (IPC) concepts are key measur...

    Authors: Janne S. Schmidt, Stefan P. Kuster, Aurélien Nigg, Valentina Dazio, Michael Brilhante, Helene Rohrbach, Odette J. Bernasconi, Thomas Büdel, Edgar I. Campos-Madueno, Stefanie Gobeli Brawand, Simone Schuller, Andrea Endimiani, Vincent Perreten and Barbara Willi
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:93
  35. Infection prevention and control (IPC) is crucial for patient safety. The World Health Organization (WHO) has released various tools to promote IPC. In 2018, the WHO released the Infection Prevention and Contr...

    Authors: Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi, Andrea Grisold, Agnes Wechsler-Fördös, Sonja Hansen, Peter Bischoff, Michael Behnke and Petra Gastmeier
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:92
  36. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is considered as a serious global threat. CRKPs occurred only sporadically in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University. Our study aimed to investigate and...

    Authors: Jiaying Zhu, Qi Li, Xiaoxia Li, Jianbang Kang, Yan Song, Junli Song, Donghong Yin and Jinju Duan
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:91
  37. Hand hygiene can only be efficient if the whole hand surface is treated with sufficient alcohol-based handrub (ABHR); therefore, the volume of handrub applied is a critical factor in patient safety. The proper...

    Authors: Száva Bánsághi, Hervé Soule, Chloé Guitart, Didier Pittet and Tamás Haidegger
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:90
  38. Due to limited therapeutic options and their association with high mortality and morbidity, carbapenem-non-susceptible Acinetobacter spp. (CNA) are of significant public health importance. This study aimed to des...

    Authors: Olaniyi Ayobami, Niklas Willrich, Beneditta Suwono, Tim Eckmanns and Robby Markwart
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:89
  39. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to health care workers (HCW) poses a major burden in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Unprotected exposure to a COVID-19 patient is a key risk factor for HCWs. Transmission mainly occu...

    Authors: Andreas F. Widmer and Gilles Richner
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:88
  40. To describe the containment of a widespread silent outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE-fm) in the Tel-Aviv Medical Center (TASMC) neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

    Authors: Ronella Marom, Dror Mandel, Alon Haham, Irit Berger, Amit Ovental, Craig Raskind, Galia Grisaru-Soen, Amos Adler, Jonathan Lellouche, David Schwartz, Yehuda Carmeli and Vered Schechner
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:87
  41. Hand Hygiene (HH) has been described as the cornerstone and starting point in all infection control. Compliance to HH is a fundamental quality indicator. The aim of this study was to investigate the HH complia...

    Authors: Carine Laurence Yehouenou, Angèle Modupe Dohou, Ariane Dessièdé Fiogbe, Marius Esse, Cyriaque Degbey, Anne Simon and Olivia Dalleur
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:85
  42. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common complications after colorectal surgery. Oral non-absorbable antibiotic prophylaxis (OAP) can be administered preoperatively to reduce the risk of SSIs. Its efficacy w...

    Authors: Tessa Mulder, Marjolein Kluytmans-van den Bergh, Bart Vlaminckx, Daphne Roos, Anne Marie de Smet, Robert de Vos tot Nederveen Cappel, Paul Verheijen, Alexandra Brandt, Anke Smits, Eric van der Vorm, Erik Bathoorn, Boudewijn van Etten, Jacobien Veenemans, Annemarie Weersink, Margreet Vos, Nils van ’t Veer…
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:84
  43. COVID-19 arise global attention since their first public reporting. Infection prevention and control (IPC) is critical to combat COVID-19, especially at the early stage of pandemic outbreak. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Xiaoquan Lai, Xuemei Wang, Qiuxia Yang, Xiaojun Xu, Yuqing Tang, Chenxi Liu, Li Tan, Ruying Lai, He Wang, Xinping Zhang, Qian Zhou and Hao Chen
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:83
  44. To identify the prevalence of C. auris in Canadian patients who are potentially at risk for colonization, we screened 488 patients who were either hospitalized abroad, had a carbapenemase-producing organism (CPO)...

    Authors: Hector Felipe Garcia-Jeldes, Robyn Mitchell, Allison McGeer, Wallis Rudnick, Kanchana Amaratunga, Snigdha Vallabhaneni, Shawn R. Lockhart and Amrita Bharat
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:82
  45. Healthcare-associated infections (HAI) especially outbreaks of multi-drug-resistant organisms within hospitals are recognized as a major contributor to morbidity and mortality of hospitalized patients. The hea...

    Authors: Folasade T. Ogunsola and Shaheen Mehtar
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:81
  46. Compliance with guidelines on hand hygiene (HH) is pivotal to prevent and control health-care associated infections and contributes to mitigating antimicrobial resistance. A baseline assessment in Dodoma regio...

    Authors: Karin Wiedenmayer, Vicky-Sidney Msamba, Fiona Chilunda, James Charles Kiologwe and Jeremiah Seni
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:80
  47. Despite improvements in hospital infection prevention and control, healthcare associated infections (HAIs) remain a challenge with significant patient morbidity, mortality, and cost for the healthcare system. ...

    Authors: Kathryn R. Dalton, Clare Rock, Karen C. Carroll and Meghan F. Davis
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:78
  48. The objective of this study was to determine the level of environmental contamination in hospitals in the Dutch/Belgian border area, using ATP measurements.

    Authors: Andreas van Arkel, Ina Willemsen, Linda Kilsdonk-Bode, Sindy Vlamings-Wagenaars, Anne van Oudheusden, Pascal De Waegemaeker, Isabel Leroux-Roels, Martine Verelst, Evelien Maas, Anita van Oosten, Patricia Willemse, Esther van Asselen, Ella Klomp-Berens, Karen Franssen, Elise Van Cauwenberg and Jan Kluytmans
    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:77