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  1. Antibiotic exposure leads to massive selective pressures that initiate the emergence and spread of antibiotic resistance in commensal and pathogenic bacteria. The slow process of developing new antibiotics mak...

    Authors: Bilal Aslam, Maria Rasool, Adi Idris, Saima Muzammil, Roman Farooq Alvi, Mohsin Khurshid, Muhammad Hidayat Rasool, Derong Zhang, Zhongren Ma and Zulqarnain Baloch

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:131

    Content type: Commentary

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  2. Early in its evolution, Enterococcus faecium acquired traits that allowed it to become a successful nosocomial pathogen. E. faecium inherent tenacity to build resistance to antibiotics and environmental stressors...

    Authors: Xuewei Zhou, Rob J. L. Willems, Alexander W. Friedrich, John W. A. Rossen and Erik Bathoorn

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:130

    Content type: Review

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  3. Hand sanitisers are urgently needed in the time of COVID-19, and as a result of shortages, some people have resorted to making their own formulations, including the repurposing of distilleries. We wish to high...

    Authors: K. Dear, L. Grayson and R. Nixon

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:129

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Gram-negative bacteria have become a serious threat to global health. Their rapid spread is associated with high mortality due to ineffective antibiotic treatm...

    Authors: Tafese B. Tufa, Andre Fuchs, Takele B. Tufa, Loraine Stötter, Achim J. Kaasch, Torsten Feld, Dieter Häussinger and Colin R. Mackenzie

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:128

    Content type: Review

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  5. The emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) present a challenge to disease control in East Africa. Resistance to beta-lactams, which are by far the most used antibiotics worldwide and include th...

    Authors: Bugwesa Z. Katale, Gerald Misinzo, Stephen E. Mshana, Harriet Chiyangi, Susana Campino, Taane G. Clark, Liam Good, Mark M. Rweyemamu and Mecky I. Matee

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:127

    Content type: Review

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  6. Currently available evidence supports that the predominant route of human-to-human transmission of the SARS-CoV-2 is through respiratory droplets and/or contact routes. The report by the World Health Organizat...

    Authors: John Conly, W. H. Seto, Didier Pittet, Alison Holmes, May Chu and Paul R. Hunter

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:126

    Content type: Commentary

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  7. The potentials of audit and feedback (AF) to improve healthcare are currently not exploited. To unlock the potentials of AF, this study focused on the process of making sense of audit data and translating data...

    Authors: J. Keizer, N. Beerlage-De Jong, N. Al Naiemi and J. E. W. C. van Gemert-Pijnen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:125

    Content type: Research

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  8. Fluoroquinolone resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa typically arises through site-specific mutations and overexpression of efflux pumps. In this study, we investigated the dynamics of different resistance mechan...

    Authors: Lei Zhao, Shiqi Wang, Xiaobing Li, Xiaojing He and Lingyan Jian

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:124

    Content type: Research

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  9. There are few studies focused on carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) bloodstream infection (BSI). The aim of this study is to identify the prevalence and risk factors for infection and mortality of ...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Li, Jihong Li, Tong Hu, Jia Hu, Ning Song, Yu Zhang and Yuan Chen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:79

    Content type: Research

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  10. Many studies had shown that prophylactic use of antibiotics could significantly reduce the intracranial infection (ICI) rate of craniotomy. However, there has been no comparison of these antibiotics.

    Authors: Yulong Cao, Bin Wang, Jiao Shan, Zhizhong Gong, Jiqiu Kuang and Yan Gao

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:122

    Content type: Research

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  11. Widespread use and misuse of antibiotics have led to a dramatic increase in the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria, while the discovery and development of new antibiotics is declining. This has made ce...

    Authors: B. van Dijk, J. V. C. Lemans, R. M. Hoogendoorn, E. Dadachova, J. M. H. de Klerk, H. C. Vogely, H. Weinans, M. G. E. H. Lam and B. C. H. van der Wal

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:121

    Content type: Review

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  12. Preoperative skin antisepsis is an essential component of safe surgery. However, it is unclear how many antiseptic paints are needed to eliminate bacteria prior to incision. This study compared microbial skin ...

    Authors: Jan A. Roth, Cyrill Schwab, Andrew Atkinson, Markus von Flüe, Christoph Kettelhack, Friedrich S. Eckstein, Manuel Battegay, Steffi Klimke, Reno Frei and Andreas F. Widmer

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:120

    Content type: Research

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  13. Rat bite fever is a systemic febrile illness caused by infection with the Gram-negative bacillus Streptobacillus moniliformis following a bite, scratch, or contact with excrement. Only 26 cases of native valve en...

    Authors: Kathryn R. Crofton, Jiqing Ye and Emil P. Lesho

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:119

    Content type: Case report

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  14. Nasal carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is associated with an increased risk of infection. Colonization with MRSA is observed in < 1% of the general Dutch population. Increased risk f...

    Authors: E. van Dulm, S. Klok, A. Boyd, I. K. Joore, M. Prins, A. P. van Dam, G. A. Tramper-Stranders and Y. T. H. P. van Duijnhoven

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:118

    Content type: Research

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  15. Ralstonia species are Gram-negative bacilli of low virulence. These organisms are capable of causing healthcare associated infections through contaminated solutions. In this study, we aimed to determine the sourc...

    Authors: Mohamed Said, Wesley van Hougenhouck-Tulleken, Rashmika Naidoo, Nontombi Mbelle and Farzana Ismail

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:117

    Content type: Research

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  16. Maintenance treatment with macrolide antibiotics has shown to be effective in reducing exacerbations in COPD patients. A major concern with prolonged treatment with antibiotics is the development of bacterial ...

    Authors: Remco S. Djamin, Sander Talman, Eefje J. A. Schrauwen, Christian J. H. von Wintersdorff, Petra F. Wolffs, Paul H. M. Savelkoul, Sevim Uzun, René Kerstens, Menno M. van der Eerden and Jan A. J. W. Kluytmans

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:116

    Content type: Research

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  17. Due to the increasing rate of hospital-acquired infections, it is essential to select appropriate disinfectant agents. In this study, the efficacy of hospital disinfectants against nosocomial infection pathoge...

    Authors: Fahim Amini Tapouk, Ramin Nabizadeh, Nezam Mirzaei, Nima Hosseini Jazani, Mahmood Yousefi and Mohamad Amin Valizade Hasanloei

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:115

    Content type: Research

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  18. In order to change antibiotic prescribing behaviour, we need to understand the prescribing process. The aim of this study was to identify targets for antibiotic stewardship interventions in hospitals through a...

    Authors: Jannicke Slettli Wathne, Brita Skodvin, Esmita Charani, Stig Harthug, Hege Salvesen Blix, Roy M. Nilsen, Lars Kåre Selland Kleppe, Marta Vukovic and Ingrid Smith

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:114

    Content type: Research

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  19. Interventions to improve hand hygiene (HH) compliance are a key element in the practice infection prevention and control. It was our objective to assess the effect of a multimodal intervention on HH compliance...

    Authors: Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi, Christin Schröder, Elke Lemke, Michael Behnke, Patricia Manuela Fliss, Carolin Plotzki, Janina Wenk, Petra Gastmeier and Tobias Siegfried Kramer

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:113

    Content type: Research

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  20. The global spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections necessitates the use of validated methods for the identification and typing of this bacterium. This study aimed to determine the ...

    Authors: Farzaneh Firoozeh, Mitra Omidi, Mahmood Saffari, Hossein Sedaghat and Mohammad Zibaei

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:112

    Content type: Research

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  21. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), including methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), is an eminent human pathogen that can colonize the human host and cause severe lif...

    Authors: Xu Chen, Kai Ma, Xu Yi, Lijuan Xiong, Yu Wang and Shijun Li

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:111

    Content type: Research

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  22. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a global public health problem. For the fulfillment of Saudi Arabia’s Vision 2030, the promotion of preventive care medicine through HAI management is a crucial issu...

    Authors: Esther Paul, Ibrahim A. Alzaydani Asiri, Ahmed Al-Hakami, Harish C. Chandramoorthy, Sarah Alshehri, C. M. Beynon, Abdullah M. Alkahtani and Ali H. Asiri

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:110

    Content type: Research

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  23. In addition to an overall rise in vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm), an increase in certain strain types marked by sequence type (ST) and cluster type (CT) has been reported in Germany over the pa...

    Authors: Anna Weber, Friederike Maechler, Frank Schwab, Petra Gastmeier and Axel Kola

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:109

    Content type: Research

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  24. At Makassed Hospital’s open-bay intensive care unit (ICU), enhanced terminal disinfection (ETD) using hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was performed without a predefined schedule in extensively-drug-resistant Acinetobact...

    Authors: Rima Moghnieh, Hani Tamim, Marwa Jadayel, Dania Abdallah, Rasha Al-Kassem, Hind Kadiri, Hani Hafez, Salam Al-Hassan, Lina Ajjour, Rawad Lakkis, Tamima Jisr, Nadia-Lara Samaha and Nicholas Haddad

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:108

    Content type: Research

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  25. The prevalence of extended beta-lactamase producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) has been constantly increasing over the last few decades. These microorganisms that have acquired broad antibiotic resistance are...

    Authors: Quentin Le Bastard, Guillaume Chapelet, Gabriel Birgand, Benjamin M. Hillmann, François Javaudin, Niki Hayatgheib, Céline Bourigault, Pascale Bemer, Laure De Decker, Eric Batard, Didier Lepelletier and Emmanuel Montassier

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:107

    Content type: Research

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  26. Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are an important reservoir of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). Colonization of LTCF residents by MDROs is generally higher in Italy compared to other European countries....

    Authors: Richard Aschbacher, Leonardo Pagani, Roberta Migliavacca and Laura Pagani

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:106

    Content type: Guidelines article

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  27. This study was designed to assess the awareness and knowledge of antibiotic usage and antibiotic resistance among the general public in the Cape Coast metropolis of Ghana. It also tries to decipher whether the...

    Authors: Clement Yaw Effah, Adwoa Nyantakyiwaa Amoah, Hong Liu, Clement Agboyibor, Lijun Miao, Jing Wang and Yongjun Wu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:105

    Content type: Research

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  28. Patient-level surveillance (indication, appropriate choice, dosing, route, duration) of antimicrobial use in Canadian hospitals is needed to reduce antimicrobial overuse and misuse. Patient-level surveillance ...

    Authors: Charles Frenette, David Sperlea, Greg J. German, Kevin Afra, Jennifer Boswell, Sandra Chang, Herman Goossens, Jennifer Grant, Marie-Astrid Lefebvre, Allison McGeer, Dominic Mertz, Michelle Science, Ann Versporten and Daniel J. G. Thirion

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:104

    Content type: Research

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  29. Livestock production, particularly the dairy sector, is important for food and nutritional wellbeing of communities in India, it supports livelihoods of many farmers, and contributes to the economy of the coun...

    Authors: Florence Mutua, Garima Sharma, Delia Grace, Samiran Bandyopadhyay, Bibek Shome and Johanna Lindahl

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:103

    Content type: Review

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  30. Carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (CP-Kp) has been established as important nosocomial pathogen in most tertiary care hospitals in Greece. The aim of the present study was to examine the impact of an enhanced...

    Authors: Kalliopi Spyridopoulou, Mina Psichogiou, Vana Sypsa, Vivi Miriagou, Amalia Karapanou, Linos Hadjihannas, Leonidas Tzouvelekis and George L. Daikos

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:102

    Content type: Research

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  31. The worldwide emergence and clonal spread of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) is of great concern. The aim of this nationwide study was to investigate the prevalence of CRAB isolates in Serbia ...

    Authors: Bojana Lukovic, Ina Gajic, Ivica Dimkic, Dusan Kekic, Sanja Zornic, Tatjana Pozder, Svetlana Radisavljevic, Nataša Opavski, Milan Kojic and Lazar Ranin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:101

    Content type: Research

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  32. To determine the risk of SARS-CoV-2 transmission by aerosols, to provide evidence on the rational use of masks, and to discuss additional measures important for the protection of healthcare workers from COVID-19.

    Authors: Rami Sommerstein, Christoph Andreas Fux, Danielle Vuichard-Gysin, Mohamed Abbas, Jonas Marschall, Carlo Balmelli, Nicolas Troillet, Stephan Harbarth, Matthias Schlegel and Andreas Widmer

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:100

    Content type: Review

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  33. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) describes activities concerned with safe-guarding antibiotics for the future, reducing drivers for the major global public health threat of antimicrobial resistance (AMR), where...

    Authors: Kay Currie, Rebecca Laidlaw, Valerie Ness, Lucyna Gozdzielewska, William Malcom, Jacqueline Sneddon, Ronald Andrew Seaton and Paul Flowers

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:99

    Content type: Research

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  34. To investigate the relationship between Clostridium (Clostridioides) difficile strain characteristics and C. difficile infection (CDI) outcome.

    Authors: Marcela Krutova, Vaclav Capek, Elka Nycova, Sabina Vojackova, Magda Balejova, Lenka Geigerova, Renata Tejkalova, Lenka Havlinova, Iva Vagnerova, Pavel Cermak, Lenka Ryskova, Petr Jezek, Dana Zamazalova, Denisa Vesela, Alice Kucharova, Dana Nemcova…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:98

    Content type: Research

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  35. Urine cultures are often positive in the absence of a urinary tract infection (UTI). Pyuria is generally considered necessary to diagnose a UTI.

    Authors: Chelsea S. Lynch, Andrea Appleby-Sigler, Jacqueline T. Bork, Rohini Davé, Kathy Agnes, Molly Sanikop, Doris Heath, Arlene F. Clark, Kimberly Claeys, Min Zhan and Daniel J. Morgan

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:96

    Content type: Research

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  36. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs have shown to reduce the emergence of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and health-care-associated infections (HAIs), and save health-care costs associated with an inappro...

    Authors: Awad Al-Omari, Abbas Al Mutair, Saad Alhumaid, Samer Salih, Ahmed Alanazi, Hesham Albarsan, Maha Abourayan and Maha Al Subaie

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:95

    Content type: Research

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  37. Colistin is considered as a last resort treatment for infections caused by multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae. Plasmid-mediated mobile colistin resistance (mcr) genes contributed to the global spread of colis...

    Authors: Tamara Salloum, Balig Panossian, Ibrahim Bitar, Jaroslav Hrabak, George F. Araj and Sima Tokajian

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:94

    Content type: Short report

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  38. Intensive medical care in companion animal clinics could pose a risk for the selection and dissemination of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs). Infection prevention and control (IPC) concepts are key measur...

    Authors: Janne S. Schmidt, Stefan P. Kuster, Aurélien Nigg, Valentina Dazio, Michael Brilhante, Helene Rohrbach, Odette J. Bernasconi, Thomas Büdel, Edgar I. Campos-Madueno, Stefanie Gobeli Brawand, Simone Schuller, Andrea Endimiani, Vincent Perreten and Barbara Willi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:93

    Content type: Research

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  39. Infection prevention and control (IPC) is crucial for patient safety. The World Health Organization (WHO) has released various tools to promote IPC. In 2018, the WHO released the Infection Prevention and Contr...

    Authors: Seven Johannes Sam Aghdassi, Andrea Grisold, Agnes Wechsler-Fördös, Sonja Hansen, Peter Bischoff, Michael Behnke and Petra Gastmeier

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:92

    Content type: Research

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  40. Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is considered as a serious global threat. CRKPs occurred only sporadically in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University. Our study aimed to investigate and...

    Authors: Jiaying Zhu, Qi Li, Xiaoxia Li, Jianbang Kang, Yan Song, Junli Song, Donghong Yin and Jinju Duan

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:91

    Content type: Research

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  41. Hand hygiene can only be efficient if the whole hand surface is treated with sufficient alcohol-based handrub (ABHR); therefore, the volume of handrub applied is a critical factor in patient safety. The proper...

    Authors: Száva Bánsághi, Hervé Soule, Chloé Guitart, Didier Pittet and Tamás Haidegger

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:90

    Content type: Research

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  42. Due to limited therapeutic options and their association with high mortality and morbidity, carbapenem-non-susceptible Acinetobacter spp. (CNA) are of significant public health importance. This study aimed to des...

    Authors: Olaniyi Ayobami, Niklas Willrich, Beneditta Suwono, Tim Eckmanns and Robby Markwart

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:89

    Content type: Research

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  43. Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to health care workers (HCW) poses a major burden in the current COVID-19 pandemic. Unprotected exposure to a COVID-19 patient is a key risk factor for HCWs. Transmission mainly occu...

    Authors: Andreas F. Widmer and Gilles Richner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:88

    Content type: Research

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  44. To describe the containment of a widespread silent outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE-fm) in the Tel-Aviv Medical Center (TASMC) neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

    Authors: Ronella Marom, Dror Mandel, Alon Haham, Irit Berger, Amit Ovental, Craig Raskind, Galia Grisaru-Soen, Amos Adler, Jonathan Lellouche, David Schwartz, Yehuda Carmeli and Vered Schechner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:87

    Content type: Research

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  45. Hand Hygiene (HH) has been described as the cornerstone and starting point in all infection control. Compliance to HH is a fundamental quality indicator. The aim of this study was to investigate the HH complia...

    Authors: Carine Laurence Yehouenou, Angèle Modupe Dohou, Ariane Dessièdé Fiogbe, Marius Esse, Cyriaque Degbey, Anne Simon and Olivia Dalleur

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:85

    Content type: Research

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  46. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are common complications after colorectal surgery. Oral non-absorbable antibiotic prophylaxis (OAP) can be administered preoperatively to reduce the risk of SSIs. Its efficacy w...

    Authors: Tessa Mulder, Marjolein Kluytmans-van den Bergh, Bart Vlaminckx, Daphne Roos, Anne Marie de Smet, Robert de Vos tot Nederveen Cappel, Paul Verheijen, Alexandra Brandt, Anke Smits, Eric van der Vorm, Erik Bathoorn, Boudewijn van Etten, Jacobien Veenemans, Annemarie Weersink, Margreet Vos, Nils van ’t Veer…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:84

    Content type: Research

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  47. COVID-19 arise global attention since their first public reporting. Infection prevention and control (IPC) is critical to combat COVID-19, especially at the early stage of pandemic outbreak. This study aimed t...

    Authors: Xiaoquan Lai, Xuemei Wang, Qiuxia Yang, Xiaojun Xu, Yuqing Tang, Chenxi Liu, Li Tan, Ruying Lai, He Wang, Xinping Zhang, Qian Zhou and Hao Chen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:83

    Content type: Research

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  48. To identify the prevalence of C. auris in Canadian patients who are potentially at risk for colonization, we screened 488 patients who were either hospitalized abroad, had a carbapenemase-producing organism (CPO)...

    Authors: Hector Felipe Garcia-Jeldes, Robyn Mitchell, Allison McGeer, Wallis Rudnick, Kanchana Amaratunga, Snigdha Vallabhaneni, Shawn R. Lockhart and Amrita Bharat

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:82

    Content type: Short report

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