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  1. The epidemiology of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) has undergone dramatic changes, with CTX-M-type enzymes prevailing over other types. blaCTX-M genes, encoding CTX-M-type ESBLs, are usually found on plas...

    Authors: Misheck Shawa, Yoshikazu Furuta, Gillan Mulenga, Maron Mubanga, Evans Mulenga, Tuvshinzaya Zorigt, Christone Kaile, Manyando Simbotwe, Atmika Paudel, Bernard Hang’ombe and Hideaki Higashi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:79

    Content type: Research

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  2. To analyse data from 2016–17 from a hospital-based antimicrobial resistance surveillance with national coverage in a network of hospitals Viet Nam.

    Authors: Tien Viet Dung Vu, Marc Choisy, Thi Thuy Nga Do, Van Minh Hoang Nguyen, James I. Campbell, Thi Hoi Le, Vu Trung Nguyen, Heiman F. L. Wertheim, Ngoc Thach Pham, Van Kinh Nguyen and H. Rogier van Doorn

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:78

    Content type: Research

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  3. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. Water in the environment can be a source of infection linked to outbreaks and environmental ...

    Authors: Wing-Kee Yiek, Olga Coenen, Mayke Nillesen, Jakko van Ingen, Edmée Bowles and Alma Tostmann

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:77

    Content type: Review

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  4. Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), including rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis (RR-TB) and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB, or RR-TB with additional isoniazid resistance), presents challenges to TB ...

    Authors: Gloria Bahizi, Robert Kaos Majwala, Stevens Kisaka, Abdunoor Nyombi, Kenneth Musisi, Benon Kwesiga, Lilian Bulage, Alex Riolexus Ario and Stavia Turyahabwe

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:76

    Content type: Research

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  5. Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is one of the most common pathogens causing nosocomial and community-acquired infections with high morbidity and mortality rates. Fusidic acid has been increasingly used for the ...

    Authors: Bahareh Hajikhani, Mehdi Goudarzi, Sareh Kakavandi, Sana Amini, Samira Zamani, Alex van Belkum, Hossein Goudarzi and Masoud Dadashi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:75

    Content type: Review

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  6. To evaluate the ability of Weighted-Incidence Syndromic Combination Antibiograms (WISCA) to inform the selection of empirical antibiotic regimens for suspected paediatric community-acquired urinary tract infec...

    Authors: Elisa Barbieri, Daniele Bottigliengo, Matteo Tellini, Chiara Minotti, Mara Marchiori, Paola Cavicchioli, Dario Gregori, Carlo Giaquinto, Liviana Da Dalt and Daniele Donà

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:74

    Content type: Research

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  7. As part of the Global Action Plan against antimicrobial resistance (AMR), countries are required to generate local evidence to inform context-specific implementation of national action plans against AMR (NAPAR...

    Authors: Dimie Ogoina, Garba Iliyasu, Vivian Kwaghe, Akan Otu, Iorhen Ephram Akase, Olukemi Adekanmbi, Dalhat Mahmood, Micheal Iroezindu, Shamsudin Aliyu, Abisoye Sunday Oyeyemi, Stella Rotifa, Mukhtar Abdulmajid Adeiza, Uche Sonny Unigwe, Juliet Ijeoma Mmerem, Farouq Muhammad Dayyab, Zaiyad Garba Habib…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:73

    Content type: Research

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  8. The timing of and risk factors for intestinal colonization with multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (MDRE) are still poorly understood in areas with high MDRE carriage. We determined the prevalence, timing, an...

    Authors: Hannah R. Meredith, Sarath Kularatna, Kristin Nagaro, Ajith Nagahawatte, Champica Bodinayake, Ruvini Kurukulasooriya, Nishadhi Wijesingha, Lyndy B. Harden, Bhagya Piyasiri, Amr Hammouda, Brian M. Wiegmann, Bradly P. Nicholson, Maria Joyce, Christopher W. Woods, Arnoud H. M. Van Vliet, Siddhartha Thakur…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:72

    Content type: Research

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  9. The assessment of Hospital-acquired infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria involves the use of a variety of commercial and laboratory-developed tests to detect antimicrobial resistance genes in bacteri...

    Authors: Cristian Pérez-Corrales, Valeria Peralta-Barquero and Christopher Mairena-Acuña

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:71

    Content type: Case report

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  10. Knowledge on the epidemiology, genotypic and phenotypic features of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) ESKAPEE pathogens (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Ps...

    Authors: Soo Tein Ngoi, Chun Wie Chong, Sasheela Sri La Sri Ponnampalavanar, Soo Nee Tang, Nuryana Idris, Kartini Abdul Jabar, Michael J. Gregory, Tupur Husain and Cindy Shuan Ju Teh

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:70

    Content type: Research

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  11. During the last decade carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) became hyper-endemic in hospitals due to difficult to control spreading. Our aim is to identify risk factors for nosocomial rectal CRAB c...

    Authors: Marianna Meschiari, Shaniko Kaleci, Gabriella Orlando, Silvia Selmi, Antonella Santoro, Erica Bacca, Marianna Menozzi, Erica Franceschini, Cinzia Puzzolante, Andrea Bedini, Mario Sarti, Claudia Venturelli, Elena Vecchi and Cristina Mussini

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:69

    Content type: Research

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  12. Antibacterial-resistant gram-negative infections are a serious risk to global public health. Resistant Enterobacterales and Pseudomonas aeruginosa are highly prevalent, particularly in healthcare settings, and th...

    Authors: Laura Puzniak, Ryan Dillon, Thomas Palmer, Hannah Collings and Ashley Enstone

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:68

    Content type: Research

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  13. Prevention of surgical site infections (SSIs), which due to their long-term consequences are especially critical in orthopedic surgery, entails compliance with over 20 individual measures. However, little is k...

    Authors: Ivonne Tomsic, Ella Ebadi, Frank Gossé, Ina Hartlep, Pamela Schipper, Christian Krauth, Bettina Schock, Iris F. Chaberny and Thomas von Lengerke

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:67

    Content type: Research

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  14. Increasing antimicrobial resistance is a serious societal challenge affecting outpatient, inpatient and veterinary care. The German One-Health project, RAI (Rational use of Antibiotics via Information and Communi...

    Authors: Inga Petruschke, Florian Salm, Michelle Kaufmann, Antje Freytag, Jochen Gensichen, Michael Behnke, Tobias Siegfried Kramer, Regina Hanke, Petra Gastmeier and Sandra Schneider

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:66

    Content type: Research

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  15. Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a significant source of morbidity and mortality in the Asia–Pacific region (APAC), adversely impacting patient quality of life, fiscal productivity and placing a major econo...

    Authors: K. Morikane, P. L. Russo, K. Y. Lee, M. Chakravarthy, M. L. Ling, E. Saguil, M. Spencer, W. Danker, A. Seno and E. Edmiston Charles Jr

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:65

    Content type: Meeting Report

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  16. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Xuemei Zhen, Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg, Xueshan Sun, Nina Zhu, Shuyan Gu and Hengjin Dong

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:64

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:5

  17. Data on comprehensive population-based surveillance of antimicrobial resistance is lacking. In low- and middle-income countries, the challenges are high due to weak laboratory capacity, poor health systems gov...

    Authors: Katia Iskandar, Laurent Molinier, Souheil Hallit, Massimo Sartelli, Timothy Craig Hardcastle, Mainul Haque, Halyna Lugova, Sameer Dhingra, Paras Sharma, Salequl Islam, Irfan Mohammed, Isa Naina Mohamed, Pierre Abi Hanna, Said El Hajj, Nurul Adilla Hayat Jamaluddin, Pascale Salameh…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:63

    Content type: Review

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  18. The association between allogeneic blood transfusion and healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is considered dose-dependent. However, this association may be confounded by transfusion duration, as prolonged ho...

    Authors: Yu Lv, Qian Xiang, Jia Lin, Ying Z. Jin, Ying Fang, Hong M. Cai, Qiong D. Wei, Hui Wang, Chen Wang, Jing Chen, Jian Ye, Caixia Xie, Ting L. Li and Yu J. Wu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:62

    Content type: Research

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  19. The appropriate use of facemasks, recommended or mandated by authorities, is critical to prevent the spread of COVID-19 in the community. We aim to evaluate frequency and quality of facemask use in general pop...

    Authors: Colin Deschanvres, Thomas Haudebourg, Nathan Peiffer-Smadja, Karine Blanckaert, David Boutoille, Jean-Christophe Lucet and Gabriel Birgand

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:61

    Content type: Research

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  20. Antimicrobial resistance has been named as one of the top ten threats to public health in the world. Hospital-based antimicrobial stewardship programs (ASPs) can help reduce antimicrobial resistance. The purpo...

    Authors: Robert Rolfe Jr, Charles Kwobah, Florida Muro, Anushka Ruwanpathirana, Furaha Lyamuya, Champica Bodinayake, Ajith Nagahawatte, Bhagya Piyasiri, Tianchen Sheng, John Bollinger, Chi Zhang, Truls Ostbye, Shamim Ali, Richard Drew, Peter Kussin, Deverick J. Anderson…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:60

    Content type: Research

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  21. Water, sanitation and hygiene, collectively known as WASH, is an enabler of infection prevention and control (IPC), both of which contribute to safe, quality health care and the prevention of spread of antimic...

    Authors: Julie Storr, Claire Kilpatrick and Karen Lee

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:59

    Content type: Commentary

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  22. Inappropriate use of antimicrobial agents in animal production has led to the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in foodborne pathogens. Transmission of AMR foodborne pathogens from reservoirs, part...

    Authors: Mabel Kamweli Aworh, Jacob K. P. Kwaga, Rene S. Hendriksen, Emmanuel C. Okolocha and Siddhartha Thakur

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:58

    Content type: Research

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  23. Klebsiella pneumoniae is an opportunistic pathogen that has been implicated as one of commonest cause of hospital and community acquired infections. The K. pneumoniae infections have considerably contributed to m...

    Authors: Kenneth Ssekatawa, Denis K. Byarugaba, Jesca L. Nakavuma, Charles D. Kato, Francis Ejobi, Robert Tweyongyere and Wampande M. Eddie

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:57

    Content type: Research

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  24. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a profound global health threat. Reducing AMR spread requires the identification of transmission pathways. The extent to which hospital wards represent a venue for sub...

    Authors: Anushia Ashokan, Josh Hanson, Ne Myo Aung, Mar Mar Kyi, Steven L. Taylor, Jocelyn M. Choo, Erin Flynn, Fredrick Mobegi, Morgyn S. Warner, Steve L. Wesselingh, Mark A. Boyd and Geraint B. Rogers

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:56

    Content type: Research

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  25. Candida tropicalis (C. tropicalis) is an important opportunistic pathogenic Candida species that can cause nosocomial infection. In this study, we analyzed the distribution and drug susceptibility of C. tropicali...

    Authors: Dan Wang, Na An, Yuwei Yang, Xianggui Yang, Yingzi Fan and Jiafu Feng

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:54

    Content type: Research

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  26. This study was aimed to characterize the genetic diversity and expression of three putative resistance-nodulation-cell division (RND)-type efflux systems and their contribution to multidrug efflux in clinical ...

    Authors: Bahare Salehi, Zohreh Ghalavand, Abbas Yadegar and Gita Eslami

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:53

    Content type: Research

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  27. Diverse outcomes reported in clinical trials of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions in care homes have hindered evidence synthesis. Our main objective was to develop a core outcome set (COS) for use ...

    Authors: Hoa Q. Nguyen, Declan T. Bradley, Michael M. Tunney and Carmel M. Hughes

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:52

    Content type: Research

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  28. The rapid spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic urged immense testing capacities as one cornerstone of infection control. Many institutions opened outpatient SARS-CoV-2 test centers to allow large nu...

    Authors: Thomas Scheier, Cyril Shah, Michael Huber, Hugo Sax, Barbara Hasse, Huldrych F. Günthard, Alexandra Trkola and Peter W. Schreiber

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:51

    Content type: Short report

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  29. The burden of antimicrobial resistance is high in solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. Among Swiss SOT recipients, we assessed temporal trends of ESBL-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-E), identified risk fact...

    Authors: Philipp Kohler, Aline Wolfensberger, Susanne Stampf, Andreas Brönnimann, Katia Boggian, Christian van Delden, Melody Favre, Cédric Hirzel, Nina Khanna, Stefan P. Kuster, Oriol Manuel, Dionysios Neofytos, Silvio Ragozzino, Peter W. Schreiber, Laura Walti and Nicolas J. Mueller

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:50

    Content type: Research

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  30. Current hand hygiene guidelines do not provide recommendations on a specific volume for the clinical hand rubbing procedure. According to recent studies volume should be adjusted in order to achieve complete c...

    Authors: Constantinos Voniatis, Száva Bánsághi, Andrea Ferencz and Tamás Haidegger

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:49

    Content type: Research

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  31. An effective antibiotic stewardship program relies on the measurement of appropriate antibiotic use, on which there is a lack of consensus. We aimed to develop a set of key quality indicators (QIs) for nationw...

    Authors: Bongyoung Kim, Myung Jin Lee, Se Yoon Park, Song Mi Moon, Kyoung-Ho Song, Tae Hyong Kim, Eu Suk Kim and Hong Bin Kim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:48

    Content type: Research

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  32. As the only non-European Union (EU) country, Serbia participated in a second point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use (AMU) organized by the European Centre for ...

    Authors: Vesna Šuljagić, Milica Bajčetić, Vesna Mioljević, Gorana Dragovac, Biljana Mijović, Ivana Janićijević, Zorana Đorđević, Gordana Krtinić, Violeta Rakić, Ivana Ćirković, Vladimir Nikolić and Ljiljana Marković-Denić

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:47

    Content type: Research

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  33. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Yang Li, Hai Ge, Hui Zhou, Wanqing Zhou, Jie Zheng, Wei Chen and Xiaoli Cao

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:46

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:4

  34. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii complex (CRABC) has globally emerged as a serious public health challenge. This study aimed to describe epidemiological trends and risk factors of carbapenem resistanc...

    Authors: Dunja Said, Niklas Willrich, Olaniyi Ayobami, Ines Noll, Tim Eckmanns and Robby Markwart

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:45

    Content type: Research

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  35. The proportion of asymptomatic carriers of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) remains elusive and the potential benefit of systematic screening during the SARS-CoV-2-pandemic is contr...

    Authors: Rahel N. Stadler, Laura Maurer, Lisandra Aguilar-Bultet, Fabian Franzeck, Chantal Ruchti, Richard Kühl, Andreas F. Widmer, Ruth Schindler, Roland Bingisser, Katharina M. Rentsch, Hans Pargger, Raoul Sutter, Luzius Steiner, Christoph Meier, Werner Kübler, Hans H. Hirsch…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:44

    Content type: Short report

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  36. The study aimed to elucidate the species taxonomy, clinical manifestations, virulence gene profiles and antimicrobial susceptibilities of Aeromonas strains isolated from life-threatening bacteremia in southeaster...

    Authors: Yao Sun, Yajie Zhao, Wenya Xu, Renchi Fang, Qing Wu, Haokuang He, Chunquan Xu, Cui Zhou, Jianming Cao, Lijiang Chen and Tieli Zhou

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:43

    Content type: Research

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  37. Novel coronavirus pneumonia has been the most serious worldwide public health emergency since being identified in December 2019. The rapid spread of the pandemic and the strong human to human infection rate of...

    Authors: He-ran Wang, Meng-chun Gong, Jing-Yuan Sun, Jian Sun, Yi Guo, Li Liu and Hong Zhu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:42

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) is a common pathogen associated with hospital and community-onset infections. This study aimed to compare the clinical and microbiological characteristics of nosocomial, heal...

    Authors: Tingting Le, Ling Wang, Chaoying Zeng, Leiwen Fu, Zhihua Liu and Jing Hu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:41

    Content type: Research

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  39. Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are among the most frequent healthcare-associated infections in the world. They are associated with increased mortality, prolonged hospital stay and increa...

    Authors: Ylva Kai-Larsen, Stefan Grass, Bhaumik Mody, Swati Upadhyay, Hargovind L. Trivedi, Dilip. K. Pal, Santosh Babu, Bikash Bawari and Shrawan. K. Singh

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:40

    Content type: Research

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  40. The Georgia Ministry of Labor, Health, and Social Affairs is working to strengthen its Infection Prevention and Control (IPC) Program, but until recently has lacked an assessment of performance gaps and implem...

    Authors: Anna Deryabina, Meghan Lyman, Daiva Yee, Marika Gelieshvilli, Lia Sanodze, Lali Madzgarashvili, Jamine Weiss, Claire Kilpatrick, Miriam Rabkin, Beth Skaggs and Amy Kolwaite

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:39

    Content type: Research

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  41. The emergence of vancomycin resistant enterococci poses a major problem in healthcare settings. Here we describe a hospital-wide outbreak of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium in a general hospital in The ...

    Authors: Veronica Weterings, Anita van Oosten, Ellen Nieuwkoop, Jolande Nelson, Andreas Voss, Bas Wintermans, Joris van Lieshout, Jan Kluytmans and Jacobien Veenemans

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:38

    Content type: Research

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  42. According to WHO ( CISMAC. Centre for Intervention Science in Maternal and Child health), the antimicrobial resistant bacteria considered to be clinically most important for human health and earmarked for sur...

    Authors: Josephine Tumuhamye, Hans Steinsland, Freddie Bwanga, James K. Tumwine, Grace Ndeezi, David Mukunya, Olive Namugga, Agnes Napyo Kasede, Halvor Sommerfelt and Victoria Nankabirwa

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:37

    Content type: Research

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  43. According to the Centers for Disease Control’s 2015 Hospital Acquired Infection Hospital Prevalence Survey, 1 in 31 hospital patients was infected with at least one nosocomial pathogen while being treated for ...

    Authors: Isaac Raplee, Lacey Walker, Lei Xu, Anil Surathu, Ashok Chockalingam, Sharron Stewart, Xiaomei Han, Rodney Rouse and Zhihua Li

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:36

    Content type: Research

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  44. Contamination of the hospital environment contributes to neonatal bacterial colonization and infection. Cleaning of hospital surfaces and equipment is seldom audited in resource-limited settings.

    Authors: A. Dramowski, M. Aucamp, A. Bekker, S. Pillay, K. Moloto, A. C. Whitelaw, M. F. Cotton and S. Coffin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:35

    Content type: Research

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  45. The global COVID-19 pandemic due to the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has challenged the availability of traditional surface disinfectants. It has also stimulated the production of ultraviolet-disinfection robo...

    Authors: Magda Diab-El Schahawi, Walter Zingg, Margreet Vos, Hilary Humphreys, Lorena Lopez-Cerero, Astrid Fueszl, Jean Ralph Zahar and Elisabeth Presterl

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:33

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  46. The global concern over antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is gathering pace. Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are at the epicentre of this growing public health threat and governmental and healthcare orga...

    Authors: Sanjeev Singh, Esmita Charani, Sarada Devi, Anuj Sharma, Fabia Edathadathil, Anil Kumar, Anup Warrier, P. S. Shareek, A. V. Jaykrishnan and K. Ellangovan

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:32

    Content type: Review

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  47. Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are a main focus of infection prevention and control initiatives in neonatal care. Standardised surveillance of neonatal CLABSI enables intra- and interf...

    Authors: I. E. Heijting, T. A. J. Antonius, A. Tostmann, W. P. de Boode, M. Hogeveen and J. Hopman

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:31

    Content type: Research

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  48. Antibiotic resistance is a major public health concern, accelerated by antibiotic overuse. Inadequate knowledge among the public has been associated with inappropriate use of antibiotics. This study determined...

    Authors: Kah Shuen Thong, Chee Tao Chang, Ming Lee, Jason Choong Yin Lee, Hoo Seng Tan and Asrul Akmal Shafie

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on: