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  1. Research

    Use of 90% ethanol to decontaminate stethoscopes in resource limited settings

    In developing countries like Nepal, 90% ethanol is cheap and is available in most hospitals. The unavailability of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) in these settings led us to compare the efficacy between 90% ethanol a...

    Bijendra Raj Raghubanshi, Supriya Sapkota, Arjab Adhikari, Aman Dutta, Utsuk Bhattarai and Rastriyata Bhandari

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:68

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  2. Research

    High burden of antimicrobial resistance among gram negative bacteria causing healthcare associated infections in a critical care unit of Nepal

    Healthcare associated infections (HCAI) and antimicrobial resistance are principal threats to the patients of intensive care units and are the major determining factors for patient outcome. They are associated...

    Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Keshab Parajuli, Basista Prasad Rijal and Bharat Mani Pokhrel

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:67

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  3. Short report

    Why language matters: a tour through hand hygiene literature

    Hand hygiene has evolved over the last decades and many terminologies emerged. We aimed to analyse the evolution in the frequency of utilization of key hand hygiene terms in the literature along the years.

    Daniela Pires, Ermira Tartari, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues and Didier Pittet

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:65

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  4. Research

    Incidence and risk factors for surgical site infections in obstetric and gynecological surgeries from a teaching hospital in rural India

    Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most common healthcare associated infections in the low-middle income countries. Data on incidence and risk factors for SSI following surgeries in general and Obst...

    Ashish Pathak, Kalpana Mahadik, Manmat B. Swami, Pulak K. Roy, Megha Sharma, Vijay K. Mahadik and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:66

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  5. Research

    Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Egyptian patients with community-onset gastrointestinal complaints: a hospital -based cross-sectional study

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase production among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from ambulatory patients with gastrointestinal compl...

    H.M. Abdallah, N. Alnaiemi, E.A. Reuland, B.B. Wintermans, A. Koek, A.M. Abdelwahab, A. Samy, K.W. Abdelsalam and C.M.J.E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:62

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  6. Research

    Emerging antimicrobial resistance in early and late-onset neonatal sepsis

    Compared to developed countries, the use of antimicrobials in Egypt is less regulated and is available over the counter without the need for prescriptions. The impact of such policy on antimicrobial resistance...

    Lamiaa Mohsen, Nermin Ramy, Dalia Saied, Dina Akmal, Niveen Salama, Mona M. Abdel Haleim and Hany Aly

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:63

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  7. Research

    Comparison of subsequent infection in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers between ST72 community-genotype and hospital genotypes: a retrospective cohort study

    Carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important risk factor of subsequent infection. The purpose of our study was to compare the rates of subsequent infection among newly-admitted p...

    So Yeon Park, Doo Ryeon Chung, Yu Ri Kang, So Hyun Kim, Sun Young Cho, Young Eun Ha, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Jae-Hoon Song

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:60

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  8. Research

    Reduced rate of intensive care unit acquired gram-negative bacilli after removal of sinks and introduction of ‘water-free’ patient care

    Sinks in patient rooms are associated with hospital-acquired infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of removal of sinks from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patient rooms and the introducti...

    Joost Hopman, Alma Tostmann, Heiman Wertheim, Maria Bos, Eva Kolwijck, Reinier Akkermans, Patrick Sturm, Andreas Voss, Peter Pickkers and Hans vd Hoeven

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:59

    Published on: 10 June 2017

  9. Research

    Antimicrobial susceptibility of Clostridium difficile isolated in Thailand

    Exposure to antimicrobials is the major risk factor associated with Clostridium difficile infection (CDI). Paradoxically, treatment of CDI with antimicrobials remains the preferred option. To date, only three stu...

    Papanin Putsathit, Monthira Maneerattanaporn, Pipat Piewngam, Daniel R. Knight, Pattarachai Kiratisin and Thomas V. Riley

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:58

    Published on: 8 June 2017

  10. Research

    Surveillance of surgical site infections by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and strain characterization in Tanzanian hospitals does not provide proof for a role of hospital water plumbing systems in transmission

    The role of hospital water systems in the development of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) surgical site infections (SSIs) in low-income countries is barely studied. This study characterized P. aeruginosa is...

    Nyambura Moremi, Heike Claus, Ulrich Vogel and Stephen E. Mshana

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:56

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  11. Research

    Virulence traits associated with Burkholderia cenocepacia ST856 epidemic strain isolated from cystic fibrosis patients

    Burkholderia cenocepacia is considered one of the most problematic cystic fibrosis (CF) pathogens. Colonization prevalence in the Serbian CF population is high and virtually exclusivel...

    Milka Malešević, Zorica Vasiljević, Aleksandar Sovtić, Brankica Filipić, Katarina Novović, Milan Kojić and Branko Jovčić

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:57

    Published on: 6 June 2017

  12. Research

    Diffusion of clindamycin-resistant and erythromycin-resistant methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), potential ST398, in United States Veterans Health Administration Hospitals, 2003-2014

    Changing phenotypic profiles of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) isolates can indicate the emergence of novel sequence types (ST). The diffusion of MSSA ST can be tracked by combining establis...

    Margaret Carrel, Michihiko Goto, Marin L. Schweizer, Michael Z. David, Daniel Livorsi and Eli N. Perencevich

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:55

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  13. Research

    Effectiveness of various cleaning and disinfectant products on Clostridium difficile spores of PCR ribotypes 010, 014 and 027

    In healthcare facilities, Clostridium difficile infections spread by transmission of bacterial spores. Appropriate sporicidal disinfectants are needed to prevent development of clusters and outbreaks. In this stu...

    N. Kenters, E. G. W. Huijskens, S. C. J. de Wit, I. G. J. M. Sanders, J. van Rosmalen, E. J. Kuijper and A. Voss

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:54

    Published on: 3 June 2017

  14. Review

    How externalities impact an evaluation of strategies to prevent antimicrobial resistance in health care organizations

    The rates of antimicrobial-resistant organisms (ARO) continue to increase for both hospitalized and community patients. Few resources have been allocated to reduce the spread of resistance on global, national ...

    Jenine R. Leal, John Conly, Elizabeth Ann Henderson and Braden J. Manns

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:53

    Published on: 2 June 2017

  15. Erratum

    Erratum to: Abstracts from the 8th International Congress of the Asia Pacific Society of Infection Control (APSIC)

    Teresa Conceição, Hermínia de Lencastre, Marta Aires-de-Sousa, Rocio Alvarez Marin, Marta Aires de Sousa, Nicolas Kieffer, Patrice Nordmann, Laurent Poirel, Wison Laochareonsuk, Sireekul Petyu, Pawin Wanasitchaiwat, Sutasinee Thana, Chollathip Bunyaphongphan, Woranan Boonsomsuk, Pakpoom Maneepongpermpoon, Silom Jamulitrat…

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:51

    Published on: 23 May 2017

    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:25

  16. Research

    Characterization of the novel In1059 harbouring VIM gene cassette

    VIM-type enzyme encodes the most widely acquired metallo-β-lactamases in Gram- negative bacteria. To obtain current epidemiological data for integrons from enterobacteriae in hospital, the study characterizes ...

    Dongguo Wang, Jinhong Yang, Meiyu Fang, Wei He, Ying Zhang, Caixia Liu and Dongsheng Zhou

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:50

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  17. Research

    Weekly screening supports terminating nosocomial transmissions of vancomycin-resistant enterococci on an oncologic ward – a retrospective analysis

    To investigate the impact of weekly screening within the bundle of infection control measures to terminate vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) transmissions on an oncologic ward.

    Stefanie Kampmeier, Dennis Knaack, Annelene Kossow, Stefanie Willems, Christoph Schliemann, Wolfgang E. Berdel, Frank Kipp and Alexander Mellmann

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:48

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  18. Research

    Colonization of long term care facility patients with MDR-Gram-negatives during an Acinetobacter baumannii outbreak

    We aimed to determine the prevalence of colonization by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria including ESBL-producing enterobacteriaceae, carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and

    Ines Zollner-Schwetz, Elisabeth Zechner, Elisabeth Ullrich, Josefa Luxner, Christian Pux, Gerald Pichler, Walter Schippinger, Robert Krause and Eva Leitner

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:49

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  19. Research

    Sites of colonization in hospitalized patients with infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase organisms: a prospective cohort study

    The objective of this study was to determine whether patients infected with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms are colonized at multiple body sites.

    Zeina A. Kanafani, Sukayna M. Fadlallah, Sarah Assaf, Khalil Anouti, Kohar Annie B. Kissoyan, Jad Sfeir, Tamara Nawar, Mohamad Yasmin and Ghassan M. Matar

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:46

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  20. Review

    Patient engagement with surgical site infection prevention: an expert panel perspective

    Despite remarkable developments in the use of surgical techniques, ergonomic advancements in the operating room, and implementation of bundles, surgical site infections (SSIs) remain a substantial burden, asso...

    E. Tartari, V. Weterings, P. Gastmeier, J. Rodríguez Baño, A. Widmer, J. Kluytmans and A. Voss

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:45

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  21. Research

    Prevalence and pattern of antibiotic resistance of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from door handles and other points of contact in public hospitals in Ghana

    Studies have implicated Staphylococcus aureus as the leading cause of septicemia in the Tamale metropolis of Ghana. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of S. aureus

    Courage Kosi Setsoafia Saba, Jean Kwadwo Amenyona and Stephen Wilson Kpordze

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:44

    Published on: 10 May 2017

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