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  1. Research

    The sink as a potential source of transmission of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the intensive care unit

    Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are emerging pathogens that represent a major public health threat. In the University Hospital of Brussels, the incidence of new patients with CPE rose from 1 case...

    Deborah De Geyter, Lieve Blommaert, Nicole Verbraeken, Mark Sevenois, Luc Huyghens, Helena Martini, Lieve Covens, Denis Piérard and Ingrid Wybo

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:24

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  2. Research

    Intervening with healthcare workers’ hand hygiene compliance, knowledge, and perception in a limited-resource hospital in Indonesia: a randomized controlled trial study

    Hand hygiene is recognized as an important measure to prevent healthcare-associated infections. Hand hygiene adherence among healthcare workers is associated with their knowledge and perception. This study aim...

    Dewi Santosaningsih, Dewi Erikawati, Sanarto Santoso, Noorhamdani Noorhamdani, Irene Ratridewi, Didi Candradikusuma, Iin N. Chozin, Thomas E. C. J. Huwae, Gwen van der Donk, Eva van Boven, Anne F. Voor in ’t holt, Henri A. Verbrugh and Juliëtte A. Severin

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:23

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  3. Research

    Management of a cluster of Clostridium difficile infections among patients with osteoarticular infections

    Here we describe a cluster of hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) among 26 patients with osteoarticular infections. The aim of the study was to define the source of C. difficile and to evalua...

    Jacqueline Färber, Sebastian Illiger, Fabian Berger, Barbara Gärtner, Lutz von Müller, Christoph H. Lohmann, Katja Bauer, Christina Grabau, Stefanie Zibolka, Dirk Schlüter and Gernot Geginat

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:22

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  4. Research

    Ralstonia mannitolilytica infections in an oncologic day ward: description of a cluster among high-risk patients

    Ralstonia spp, an environmental microorganism, has been occasionally associated with healthcare infections. The aim of this study was to investigate an outbreak caused by Ralstonia man...

    Claudia Lucarelli, Enea Gino Di Domenico, Luigi Toma, Domenico Bracco, Grazia Prignano, Maria Fortunati, Lorella Pelagalli, Fabrizio Ensoli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Aurora García-Fernández, Annalisa Pantosti and Loredana Ingrosso

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:20

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  5. Research

    Detection of diverse genotypes of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from hospital personnel and the environment in Armenia

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a public health concern internationally. Studies examining a range of cohorts have been reported from various regions of the world, but little is known about ...

    Hermine V. Mkrtchyan, Zhen Xu, Maria Yacoub, Mary M. Ter-Stepanyan, Hayk D. Karapetyan, Angela M. Kearns, Ronald R. Cutler, Bruno Pichon and Armen Dz Hambardzumyan

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:19

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  6. Research

    Co-existence of bla OXA-23 and bla NDM-1 genes of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from Nepal: antimicrobial resistance and clinical significance

    Molecular analysis of carbapenem-resistant genes in Acinetobacter baumannii, an emerging pathogen, is less commonly reported from Nepal. In this study we determined the antibiotic susceptibility profile and genet...

    Prabhu Raj Joshi, Mahesh Acharya, Trishna Kakshapati, Udomluk Leungtongkam, Rapee Thummeepak and Sutthirat Sitthisak

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:21

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  7. Research

    Complications with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) used in hospitalized patients and outpatients: a prospective cohort study

    Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters (PICCs) are widely used for hospitalized patients and among outpatients. Despite many advantages, PICC-related complications can occur such as infection, thrombosis or m...

    Delphine Grau, Béatrice Clarivet, Anne Lotthé, Sébastien Bommart and Sylvie Parer

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:18

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  8. Research

    Anti-bacterial efficacy of alcoholic hand rubs in the Kenyan market, 2015

    Hand hygiene is known to be effective in preventing hospital and community-acquired infections. The increasing number of hand sanitizer brands in Kenyan hospitals and consumer outlets is of concern. Thus the m...

    Missiani Ochwoto, Lucy Muita, Keith Talaam, Cecilia Wanjala, Frank Ogeto, Faith Wachira, Saida Osman, James Kimotho and Linus Ndegwa

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:17

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  9. Research

    Prospective surveillance of healthcare associated infections in a Cambodian pediatric hospital

    Healthcare associated infections (HAI) are the most common preventable adverse events following admission to healthcare facilities. Data from low-income countries are scarce. We sought to prospectively define ...

    Pasco Hearn, Thyl Miliya, Soklin Seng, Chanpheaktra Ngoun, Nicholas P. J. Day, Yoel Lubell, Claudia Turner and Paul Turner

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:16

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  10. Research

    Risk factors for relapse or persistence of bacteraemia caused by Enterobacter spp.: a case–control study

    Enterobacter spp. possess chromosomal AmpC beta-lactamases that may be expressed at high levels. Previous studies have demonstrated a risk of relapsed bacteraemia following therapy wit...

    Patrick N. A. Harris, Anna M. Peri, Anita M. Pelecanos, Carly M. Hughes, David L. Paterson and John K. Ferguson

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:14

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  11. Research

    Genetic markers associated with resistance to beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials in non-typhoidal Salmonella isolates from humans and animals in central Ethiopia

    Beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials are commonly used for treatment of infections caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) and other pathogens. Resistance to these classes of antimicrobials has increased sig...

    Tadesse Eguale, Josephine Birungi, Daniel Asrat, Moses N. Njahira, Joyce Njuguna, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes, John S. Gunn, Appolinaire Djikeng and Ephrem Engidawork

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:13

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  12. Research

    Implementation of short incubation MALDI-TOF MS identification from positive blood cultures in routine diagnostics and effects on empiric antimicrobial therapy

    Results of blood culture (BC) diagnostics should be swiftly available to guide treatment of critically ill patients. Conventional BC diagnostics usually performs species identification of microorganisms from m...

    Robin Köck, Jörg Wüllenweber, Dagmar Horn, Christian Lanckohr, Karsten Becker and Evgeny A. Idelevich

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:12

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  13. Research

    Behaviour change interventions to influence antimicrobial prescribing: a cross-sectional analysis of reports from UK state-of-the-art scientific conferences

    To improve the quality of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions the application of behavioural sciences supported by multidisciplinary collaboration has been recommended. We analysed major UK scientifi...

    T. M. Rawson, L. S. P. Moore, A. M. Tivey, A. Tsao, M. Gilchrist, E. Charani and A. H. Holmes

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:11

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  14. Research

    A prospective survey of Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization and infection in the intensive care unit

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) surveillance may improve empiric antimicrobial therapy, since colonizing strains frequently cause infections. This colonization may be ‘endogenous’ or ‘exog...

    Regev Cohen, Frida Babushkin, Shoshana Cohen, Marina Afraimov, Maurice Shapiro, Martina Uda, Efrat Khabra, Amos Adler, Ronen Ben Ami and Svetlana Paikin

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:7

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  15. Research

    High rates of multidrug resistance among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in children and analyses of ESBL producers from Nepal

    Emergence of Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections (UTI) among pediatric patients is an increasing problem worldwide. However, very little is known about ped...

    Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Pooja Maharjan, Hridaya Parajuli, Govardhan Joshi, Deliya Paudel, Sujan Sayami and Puspa Raj Khanal

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:9

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  16. Research

    Carriage of antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in hospitalised children in tertiary hospitals in Harare, Zimbabwe

    Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing and gentamicin resistant Enterobacteriaceae are increasingly recognised as a major cause of infection in low-income countries. We assessed the prevalence of gastrointestina...

    Marcelyn T. Magwenzi, Muchaneta Gudza-Mugabe, Hilda A. Mujuru, Mutsa Dangarembizi-Bwakura, Valerie Robertson and Alexander M. Aiken

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:10

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  17. Letter to the Editor

    Effect of handrubbing using locally-manufactured alcohol-based handrubs in paediatric wards in Harare, Zimbabwe

    We assessed bacterial contamination of hands of adults present in paediatric wards in two tertiary-care hospitals in Harare, Zimbabwe and the microbiologic efficacy of locally-manufactured alcohol-based hand r...

    Muchaneta Gudza-Mugabe, Marcelyn T. Magwenzi, Hilda A. Mujuru, Mutsa Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Valerie Robertson and Alexander M. Aiken

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:8

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  18. Guidelines article

    Core components for effective infection prevention and control programmes: new WHO evidence-based recommendations

    Health care-associated infections (HAI) are a major public health problem with a significant impact on morbidity, mortality and quality of life. They represent also an important economic burden to health syste...

    Julie Storr, Anthony Twyman, Walter Zingg, Nizam Damani, Claire Kilpatrick, Jacqui Reilly, Lesley Price, Matthias Egger, M. Lindsay Grayson, Edward Kelley and Benedetta Allegranzi

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:6

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  19. Meeting abstracts

    Abstracts from the 6th Infection Control Africa Network Congress 2016

    Helen Wangai, Felister Kiberenge, Alex Elobu, Josephat Jombwe, Peter Ongom, Dorah Nakamwa, Alexander Aiken, Benedetta Allegranzi, Mpho Sikhosana, Wolgang Preiser, Angela Dramowski, Heather Finlayson, Tonya Esterhuizen, Jehan El Kholy, Mervat Gaber, Dina Mostafa…

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6(Suppl 1):1

    Published on: 10 January 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 6 Supplement 1

  20. Research

    The emergence of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in Malaysia: correlation between microbiological trends with host characteristics and clinical factors

    Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae is a growing concern worldwide including Malaysia. The emergence of this pathogen is worrying because carbapenem is one of the 'last-line' antibiotics. The main objectiv...

    Ye-Mun Low, Polly Soo-Xi Yap, Kartini Abdul Jabar, Sasheela Ponnampalavanar, Rina Karunakaran, Rukumani Velayuthan, Chun-Wie Chong, Sazaly Abu Bakar, Mohd Yasim Md Yusof and Cindy Shuan-Ju Teh

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:5

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  21. Research

    Shiga (Vero)-toxin producing Escherichia coli isolated from the hospital foods; virulence factors, o-serogroups and antimicrobial resistance properties

    According to the presence of the weak, diabetic and immunosuppressive patients in hospitals, hospital foods should have a high quality and safety. Cooking a lot of foods higher than daily requirement, storage ...

    Reza Ranjbar, Mojtaba Masoudimanesh, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Nematollah Jonaidi-Jafari and Ebrahim Rahimi

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:4

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  22. Research

    Implementation of the WHO multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy in a University Hospital in Central Ethiopia

    The burden of health-care associated infections in low-income countries is high. Adequate hand hygiene is considered the most effective measure to reduce the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. We aimed to a...

    Frieder Pfäfflin, Tafese Beyene Tufa, Million Getachew, Tsehaynesh Nigussie, Andreas Schönfeld, Dieter Häussinger, Torsten Feldt and Nicole Schmidt

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:3

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  23. Research

    Bacterial etiology of bloodstream infections and antimicrobial resistance in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2005–2014

    Bloodstream infections due to bacterial pathogens are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh and other developing countries. In these countries, most patients are treated empirically based on t...

    Dilruba Ahmed, Md Ausrafuggaman Nahid, Abdullah Bashar Sami, Farhana Halim, Nasrin Akter, Tuhin Sadique, Md Sohel Rana, Md Shahriar Bin Elahi and Md Mahbubur Rahman

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  24. Research

    “If it’s a broad spectrum, it can shoot better”: inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in Cambodia

    Cambodia is affected by antibiotic resistance but interventions to reduce the level of resistance require knowledge of the phenomena that lead to inappropriate prescribing. We interviewed physicians working in...

    Chhorvoin Om, Frances Daily, Erika Vlieghe, James C. McLaughlin and Mary-Louise McLaws

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:58

    Published on: 20 December 2016

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