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  1. Letter to the Editor

    Inappropriate prescribing in outpatient healthcare: an evaluation of respiratory infection visits among veterans in teaching versus non-teaching primary care clinics

    A recent study led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) revealed at least 30% of antibiotic prescriptions in the outpatient setting were inappropriate. In this study of all ages, among adult...

    Diane M. Parente, Tristan T. Timbrook, Aisling R. Caffrey and Kerry L. LaPlante

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:33

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  2. Research

    MRSA decolonization failure—are biofilms the missing link?

    Device-associated infections due to biofilm-producing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) have been recently associated with the failure of antibiotic treatment and decolonization measures. The goa...

    Frank Günther, Brigitte Blessing, Evelina Tacconelli and Nico T. Mutters

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:32

    Published on: 28 March 2017

  3. Research

    Risk factors for Clostridium difficile infection in surgical patients hospitalized in a tertiary hospital in Belgrade, Serbia: a case–control study

    The objective of this study was to investigate independent risk factors (RFs) connected with healthcare-associated (HA) Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in surgical patients, its frequency per surgical wards...

    Vesna Šuljagić, Ivan Miljković, Srđan Starčević, Nenad Stepić, Zoran Kostić, Dragutin Jovanović, Jelena Brusić-Renaud, Biljana Mijović and Sandra Šipetić-Grujičić

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:31

    Published on: 27 March 2017

  4. Research

    Pervasive antibiotic misuse in the Cambodian community: antibiotic-seeking behaviour with unrestricted access

    Antibiotic misuse is widespread in resource-limited countries such as Cambodia where the burden of infectious diseases is high and access to antibiotics is unrestricted. We explored healthcare seeking behaviou...

    Chhorvoin Om, Frances Daily, Erika Vlieghe, James C. McLaughlin and Mary-Louise McLaws

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:30

    Published on: 24 March 2017

  5. Research

    Retrospective report of antimicrobial susceptibility observed in bacterial pathogens isolated from ocular samples at Mount Sinai Hospital, 2010 to 2015

    Antimicrobial resistance has emerged as a major threat to global public health. Thus, the surveillance of changes in antimicrobial resistance in local and global settings is a paramount necessity. While many s...

    Marko Oydanich, Tanis C. Dingle, Camille L. Hamula, Claudia Ghisa and Penny Asbell

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:29

    Published on: 20 March 2017

  6. Short report

    Screening for fecal carriage of MCR-producing Enterobacteriaceae in healthy humans and primary care patients

    The extent of the occurrence of the plasmid-encoded colistin resistance genes mcr-1 and mcr-2 among humans is currently sparsely studied in Western Europe.

    Katrin Zurfluh, Roger Stephan, Andreas Widmer, Laurent Poirel, Patrice Nordmann, Hans-Jakob Nüesch, Herbert Hächler and Magdalena Nüesch-Inderbinen

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:28

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  7. Research

    Candidemia in a major regional tertiary referral hospital – epidemiology, practice patterns and outcomes

    Candidemia is a common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. This study was conducted to describe the epidemiology, species distribution, antifungal susceptibil...

    Jocelyn Qi-Min Teo, Samuel Rocky Candra, Shannon Jing-Yi Lee, Shannon Yu-Hng Chia, Hui Leck, Ai-Ling Tan, Hui-Peng Neo, Kenneth Wei-Liang Leow, Yiying Cai, Rachel Pui-Lai Ee, Tze-Peng Lim, Winnie Lee and Andrea Lay-Hoon Kwa

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:27

    Published on: 11 March 2017

  8. Meeting abstracts

    Abstracts from the 8th International Congress of the Asia Pacific Society of Infection Control (APSIC)

    Nantanit Sutthiruk, Mari Botti, Julie Considine, Andrea Driscoll, Ana Hutchinson, Kumthorn Malathum, Cucunawangsih Cucunawangsih, Veronica Wiwing, Vivien Puspitasari, Rathina Kumar Shanmugakani, Yukihiro Akeda, Takuya Kodera, Pitak Santanirand, Kazunori Tomono, Takayuki Yamanaka, Hiroyuki Moriuchi…

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6(Suppl 2):25

    Published on: 22 February 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 6 Supplement 2

  9. Research

    Transcriptional analysis of bla NDM-1 and copy number alteration under carbapenem stress

    New Delhi metallo beta-lactamase is known to compromise carbapenem therapy and leading to treatment failure. However, their response to carbapenem stress is not clearly known. Here, we have investigated the tr...

    Deepjyoti Paul, Amitabha Bhattacharjee, Dibyojyoti Bhattacharjee, Debadatta Dhar, Anand Prakash Maurya and Atanu Chakravarty

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:26

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  10. Research

    The sink as a potential source of transmission of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in the intensive care unit

    Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are emerging pathogens that represent a major public health threat. In the University Hospital of Brussels, the incidence of new patients with CPE rose from 1 case...

    Deborah De Geyter, Lieve Blommaert, Nicole Verbraeken, Mark Sevenois, Luc Huyghens, Helena Martini, Lieve Covens, Denis Piérard and Ingrid Wybo

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:24

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  11. Research

    Intervening with healthcare workers’ hand hygiene compliance, knowledge, and perception in a limited-resource hospital in Indonesia: a randomized controlled trial study

    Hand hygiene is recognized as an important measure to prevent healthcare-associated infections. Hand hygiene adherence among healthcare workers is associated with their knowledge and perception. This study aim...

    Dewi Santosaningsih, Dewi Erikawati, Sanarto Santoso, Noorhamdani Noorhamdani, Irene Ratridewi, Didi Candradikusuma, Iin N. Chozin, Thomas E. C. J. Huwae, Gwen van der Donk, Eva van Boven, Anne F. Voor in ’t holt, Henri A. Verbrugh and Juliëtte A. Severin

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:23

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  12. Research

    Management of a cluster of Clostridium difficile infections among patients with osteoarticular infections

    Here we describe a cluster of hospital-acquired Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) among 26 patients with osteoarticular infections. The aim of the study was to define the source of C. difficile and to evalua...

    Jacqueline Färber, Sebastian Illiger, Fabian Berger, Barbara Gärtner, Lutz von Müller, Christoph H. Lohmann, Katja Bauer, Christina Grabau, Stefanie Zibolka, Dirk Schlüter and Gernot Geginat

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:22

    Published on: 15 February 2017

  13. Research

    Ralstonia mannitolilytica infections in an oncologic day ward: description of a cluster among high-risk patients

    Ralstonia spp, an environmental microorganism, has been occasionally associated with healthcare infections. The aim of this study was to investigate an outbreak caused by Ralstonia man...

    Claudia Lucarelli, Enea Gino Di Domenico, Luigi Toma, Domenico Bracco, Grazia Prignano, Maria Fortunati, Lorella Pelagalli, Fabrizio Ensoli, Patrizio Pezzotti, Aurora García-Fernández, Annalisa Pantosti and Loredana Ingrosso

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:20

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  14. Research

    Detection of diverse genotypes of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from hospital personnel and the environment in Armenia

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a public health concern internationally. Studies examining a range of cohorts have been reported from various regions of the world, but little is known about ...

    Hermine V. Mkrtchyan, Zhen Xu, Maria Yacoub, Mary M. Ter-Stepanyan, Hayk D. Karapetyan, Angela M. Kearns, Ronald R. Cutler, Bruno Pichon and Armen Dz Hambardzumyan

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:19

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  15. Research

    Co-existence of bla OXA-23 and bla NDM-1 genes of Acinetobacter baumannii isolated from Nepal: antimicrobial resistance and clinical significance

    Molecular analysis of carbapenem-resistant genes in Acinetobacter baumannii, an emerging pathogen, is less commonly reported from Nepal. In this study we determined the antibiotic susceptibility profile and genet...

    Prabhu Raj Joshi, Mahesh Acharya, Trishna Kakshapati, Udomluk Leungtongkam, Rapee Thummeepak and Sutthirat Sitthisak

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:21

    Published on: 7 February 2017

  16. Research

    Complications with peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) used in hospitalized patients and outpatients: a prospective cohort study

    Peripherally Inserted Central Catheters (PICCs) are widely used for hospitalized patients and among outpatients. Despite many advantages, PICC-related complications can occur such as infection, thrombosis or m...

    Delphine Grau, Béatrice Clarivet, Anne Lotthé, Sébastien Bommart and Sylvie Parer

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:18

    Published on: 28 January 2017

  17. Research

    Anti-bacterial efficacy of alcoholic hand rubs in the Kenyan market, 2015

    Hand hygiene is known to be effective in preventing hospital and community-acquired infections. The increasing number of hand sanitizer brands in Kenyan hospitals and consumer outlets is of concern. Thus the m...

    Missiani Ochwoto, Lucy Muita, Keith Talaam, Cecilia Wanjala, Frank Ogeto, Faith Wachira, Saida Osman, James Kimotho and Linus Ndegwa

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:17

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  18. Research

    Prospective surveillance of healthcare associated infections in a Cambodian pediatric hospital

    Healthcare associated infections (HAI) are the most common preventable adverse events following admission to healthcare facilities. Data from low-income countries are scarce. We sought to prospectively define ...

    Pasco Hearn, Thyl Miliya, Soklin Seng, Chanpheaktra Ngoun, Nicholas P. J. Day, Yoel Lubell, Claudia Turner and Paul Turner

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:16

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  19. Research

    Risk factors for relapse or persistence of bacteraemia caused by Enterobacter spp.: a case–control study

    Enterobacter spp. possess chromosomal AmpC beta-lactamases that may be expressed at high levels. Previous studies have demonstrated a risk of relapsed bacteraemia following therapy wit...

    Patrick N. A. Harris, Anna M. Peri, Anita M. Pelecanos, Carly M. Hughes, David L. Paterson and John K. Ferguson

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:14

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  20. Research

    Genetic markers associated with resistance to beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials in non-typhoidal Salmonella isolates from humans and animals in central Ethiopia

    Beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials are commonly used for treatment of infections caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) and other pathogens. Resistance to these classes of antimicrobials has increased sig...

    Tadesse Eguale, Josephine Birungi, Daniel Asrat, Moses N. Njahira, Joyce Njuguna, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes, John S. Gunn, Appolinaire Djikeng and Ephrem Engidawork

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:13

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  21. Research

    Implementation of short incubation MALDI-TOF MS identification from positive blood cultures in routine diagnostics and effects on empiric antimicrobial therapy

    Results of blood culture (BC) diagnostics should be swiftly available to guide treatment of critically ill patients. Conventional BC diagnostics usually performs species identification of microorganisms from m...

    Robin Köck, Jörg Wüllenweber, Dagmar Horn, Christian Lanckohr, Karsten Becker and Evgeny A. Idelevich

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:12

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  22. Research

    Behaviour change interventions to influence antimicrobial prescribing: a cross-sectional analysis of reports from UK state-of-the-art scientific conferences

    To improve the quality of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions the application of behavioural sciences supported by multidisciplinary collaboration has been recommended. We analysed major UK scientifi...

    T. M. Rawson, L. S. P. Moore, A. M. Tivey, A. Tsao, M. Gilchrist, E. Charani and A. H. Holmes

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:11

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  23. Research

    A prospective survey of Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization and infection in the intensive care unit

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) surveillance may improve empiric antimicrobial therapy, since colonizing strains frequently cause infections. This colonization may be ‘endogenous’ or ‘exog...

    Regev Cohen, Frida Babushkin, Shoshana Cohen, Marina Afraimov, Maurice Shapiro, Martina Uda, Efrat Khabra, Amos Adler, Ronen Ben Ami and Svetlana Paikin

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:7

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  24. Research

    High rates of multidrug resistance among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in children and analyses of ESBL producers from Nepal

    Emergence of Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections (UTI) among pediatric patients is an increasing problem worldwide. However, very little is known about ped...

    Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Pooja Maharjan, Hridaya Parajuli, Govardhan Joshi, Deliya Paudel, Sujan Sayami and Puspa Raj Khanal

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:9

    Published on: 11 January 2017

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