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O031: Reprocessing of single-use hemodynamic catheters in cardiology-we do but how best to do it
© Rao et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
- Published: 20 June 2013
- Infection Prevention
- Resource Limited Setting
- Small Pilot Study
- Sterilization Process
- Protocol Implementation
Hemodynamic single use devices (SUD) namely cardiac catheters are reused worldwide and in India, where cost and aggressive intervention take priority over infection prevention, is no exception. An important issue associated with the reprocessing of any SUD is the potential for subsequent transmission of infectious agents.
The reprocessing and sterilization methodology of reuse of SUD is often left to the discretion of the nursing staff (the clinicians do not play any role).The concerned staff often put the process best they know or is passed on by the predecessors. Safety, sterility issues are overlooked.
To evaluate reprocessing and sterilization methodology. To develop guidelines and oversee their implementations that result in standardized practices and improve the safety of hemodynamic device reuse.
Infection Control team took over the responsibility of the process initially by a small pilot study. A robust cleaning and sterilization processes protocol based on basic microbiological principles was developed and tested for bacterial, viral and endotoxin reminants before using on patients. Initially twenty cardiac angiogram patients (consent was taken) were followed up for three months for any adverse events with reuse policy in place. Clinicians feedback was taken and modification made in the process at the end of study. It was extended it to a full fledged protocol and implemented.
This system is in place for the past 5 years and there are no adverse events reported on follow up (over 8000 angiograms so far).The facility does 12 angiogram per day and reuse is 75%.The protocol implementation has resulted in determining the number of times each catheter can be reused. The process is continuously audited and compliance to the protocol is 100%.The steps for repossessing are easy, adaptable, outcome measurable, sustainable and cost effective in resource limited settings.
SUD is reused rampantly. No standard guidelines are available .The reprocessing is left to the staff who are ill informed of the consequences of reuse. The reprocessing should be based on sound microbiological and infection prevention principles and implementable .Frequent audit and follow up of patients is essential.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.