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  1. Carbapenemase-producing enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are a major threat for severely ill patients. However, only limited data on the epidemiology and on evidence-based infection prevention and control measures are...

    Authors: Luigi Segagni Lusignani, Elisabeth Presterl, Beata Zatorska, Miriam Van den Nest and Magda Diab-Elschahawi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:18

    Content type: Research

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  2. Inadequate hospital cleaning may contribute to cross-transmission of pathogens. It is important to implement effective cleaning for the safe hospital environment. We conducted a three-phase study using human f...

    Authors: I-Chen Hung, Hao-Yuan Chang, Aristine Cheng, Mei-Wen Chen, An-Chi Chen, Ling Ting, Yeur-Hur Lai, Jann-Tay Wang, Yee-Chun Chen and Wang-Huei Sheng

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:17

    Content type: Research

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  3. Access to antibiotics without a prescription from retail pharmacies has been described as a major contributor to anti-microbial resistance (AMR) globally. In the context of high rates of AMR, the Chinese gover...

    Authors: Jie Chen, Yanmei Wang, Xuejie Chen and Therese Hesketh

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:12

    Content type: Research

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  4. The accurate assessment of antimicrobial use (AMU) requires relating quantities of active ingredients (AAIs) with population denominators. These data can be used to prioritize potential sources of selective pr...

    Authors: Juan J. Carrique-Mas, Marc Choisy, Nguyen Van Cuong, Guy Thwaites and Stephen Baker

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:16

    Content type: Short report

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  5. In total, 97 carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) were collected from 17 hospitals located in Nanjing, Southeast China, and analyzed for epidemiological characteristics.

    Authors: Hui Zhou, Kui Zhang, Wei Chen, Junhao Chen, Jie Zheng, Chang Liu, Li Cheng, Wanqing Zhou, Han Shen and Xiaoli Cao

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:15

    Content type: Research

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  6. Puerperal sepsis is any bacterial infection of the genital tract that occurs after childbirth. It is among the leading causes of maternal morbidity and mortality especially in low-income countries including Et...

    Authors: Alemale Admas, Baye Gelaw, BelayTessema, Amsalu Worku and Addisu Melese

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:14

    Content type: Research

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  7. The point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and antimicrobial use organized by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC-PPS) and the Global Point Prevalence Surve...

    Authors: Eline Vandael, Katrien Latour, Herman Goossens, Koen Magerman, Nico Drapier, Boudewijn Catry and Ann Versporten

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:13

    Content type: Research

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  8. Antimicrobial resistance to quinolone is rising worldwide, especially in Escherichia coli causing various infections. Although many studies have been conducted to identify the risk factors for quinolone-resistant...

    Authors: Dong-Mei Zhu, Qiu-Hong Li, Yan Shen and Qin Zhang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:11

    Content type: Research

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  9. Misuse of antibiotics in food animals contributes to an increase of antibiotic resistant bacteria transmitting to humans. China is the largest producer and user of antibiotics in the world, of which animals sh...

    Authors: Jingyi Xu, Rassamee Sangthong, Edward McNeil, Rong Tang and Virasakdi Chongsuvivatwong

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:10

    Content type: Research

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  10. Catheter-related bloodstream infections (CR-BSI) cause high neonatal mortality and are related to inadequate aseptic technique during the care and maintenance of a catheter. The incidence of CR-BSI among neona...

    Authors: Hang Thi Phan, Thuan Huu Vo, Hang Thi Thuy Tran, Hanh Thi Ngoc Huynh, Hong Thi Thu Nguyen and Truong Van Nguyen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:9

    Content type: Research

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  11. We evaluated a new hospital policy comprising active surveillance for highly resistant microorganisms (HRMO) in patients with prolonged hospitalization, including detection of nosocomial transmission after ide...

    Authors: Guido J. H. Bastiaens, Tom Baarslag, Corinne Pelgrum and Ellen M. Mascini

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:8

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  12. To examine the extent to which acute care hospitals in the Netherlands have adopted recommended practices to prevent catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), central line-associated bloodstream inf...

    Authors: Anita Huis, Jeroen Schouten, Dominique Lescure, Sarah Krein, David Ratz, Sanjay Saint, Marlies Hulscher and M. Todd Greene

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:7

    Content type: Research

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  13. Antibiotic prescription rates in primary care in Germany are moderate, but still considered too high. The ARena study (Sustainable reduction of antibiotic-induced antimicrobial resistance) was initiated to fos...

    Authors: Regina Poss-Doering, Martina Kamradt, Anna Stuermlinger, Katharina Glassen, Petra Kaufmann-Kolle, Edith Andres and Michel Wensing

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:6

    Content type: Research

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  14. Klebsiella pneumoniae has been responsible for a large number of clonal hospital outbreaks. However, some epidemiological changes have been observed since the emergence of CTX-M enzymes in K. pneumoniae.

    Authors: Mariona Xercavins, Elena Jiménez, Emma Padilla, Montserrat Riera, Núria Freixas, Lucia Boix-Palop, Josefa Pérez and Esther Calbo

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:5

    Content type: Research

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  15. We aimed to compare the clinical characteristics of patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP), and hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae ...

    Authors: Chih-Han Juan, Shih-Yu Fang, Chia-Hsin Chou, Tsung-Ying Tsai and Yi-Tsung Lin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:4

    Content type: Research

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  16. Antibiotics are the most common medicines prescribed to children in hospitals and the community, with a high proportion of potentially inappropriate use. Antibiotic misuse increases the risk of toxicity, raise...

    Authors: D. Donà, E. Barbieri, M. Daverio, R. Lundin, C. Giaquinto, T. Zaoutis and M. Sharland

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:3

    Content type: Review

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  17. To describe the epidemiology of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) healthcare-associated infections (HAI) in Egyptian hospitals reporting to the national HAI surveillance system.

    Authors: Sara Kotb, Meghan Lyman, Ghada Ismail, Mohammad Abd El Fattah, Samia A. Girgis, Ahmed Etman, Soad Hafez, Jehan El-Kholy, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Hebat-allah G. Rashed, Ghada M. Khalil, Omar Sayyouh and Maha Talaat

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:2

    Content type: Research

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  18. Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) compromises the treatment of patients with serious infections in intensive care units (ICUs), and intensive care physicians are increasingly facing patients with bacterial infect...

    Authors: Alain Lepape, Astrid Jean, Jan De Waele, Arnaud Friggeri, Anne Savey, Philippe Vanhems, Marie Paule Gustin, Dominique L. Monnet, José Garnacho-Montero and Anke Kohlenberg

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2020 9:1

    Content type: Research

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  19. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common pathogen causing hospital-acquired infections. Carbapenem resistance in P. aeruginosa is either mediated via a combination of efflux pumps, AmpC overexpression, and porin loss, ...

    Authors: Elena Schäfer, Monika Malecki, Carlos J. Tellez-Castillo, Niels Pfennigwerth, Lennart Marlinghaus, Paul G. Higgins, Frauke Mattner and Andreas F. Wendel

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:208

    Content type: Short report

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  20. Despite a high mortality rate in childhood, there is limited evidence on the causes and outcomes of paediatric bloodstream infections from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). We conducted a systematic re...

    Authors: Nina Droz, Yingfen Hsia, Sally Ellis, Angela Dramowski, Mike Sharland and Romain Basmaci

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:207

    Content type: Review

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  21. Harmonization in hand hygiene training for infection prevention and control (IPC) professionals is lacking. We describe a standardized approach to training, using a “Train-the-Trainers” (TTT) concept for IPC p...

    Authors: Ermira Tartari, Carolina Fankhauser, Sarah Masson-Roy, Hilda Márquez-Villarreal, Inmaculada Fernández Moreno, Ma Luisa Rodriguez Navas, Odet Sarabia, Fernando Bellisimo-Rodrigues, Marcela Hernández-de Mezerville, Yew Fong Lee, Mohammad Hassan Aelami, Shaheen Mehtar, Américo Agostinho, Liberato Camilleri, Benedetta Allegranzi, Daniela Pires…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:206

    Content type: Research

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  22. On January 7, 2019, we observed an outbreak of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) caused by Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) in the neurosurgical intensive care unit (NSICU). A follow-up epi...

    Authors: Yu Lv, Qian Xiang, Ying Z. Jin, Ying Fang, Yu J. Wu, Bin Zeng, Hua Yu, Hong M. Cai, Qiong D. Wei, Chen Wang, Jing Chen and Hui Wang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:205

    Content type: Research

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  23. The rising incidence of resistance to currently available antibiotics among pathogens, particularly Gram-negative pathogens, in complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) has become a challenge for clinici...

    Authors: Thitima Kongnakorn, Christian Eckmann, Matteo Bassetti, Eszter Tichy, Roberto Di Virgilio, Nathalie Baillon-Plot and Claudie Charbonneau

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:204

    Content type: Research

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  24. Nosocomial infections caused by multi-drug resistant Enterobacteriaceae are a global public health threat that ought to be promptly identified, reported, and addressed accurately. Many carbapenem-resistant Entero...

    Authors: Sharif Hala, Chakkiath Paul Antony, Mohammed Alshehri, Abdulhakeem O. Althaqafi, Asim Alsaedi, Areej Mufti, Mai Kaaki, Baraa T. Alhaj-Hussein, Hosam M. Zowawi, Abdulfattah Al-Amri and Arnab Pain

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:203

    Content type: Short report

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  25. The Asia Pacific region, home to two-thirds of the world’s population and ten of the least developed countries, is considered a regional hot-spot for the emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR)....

    Authors: Esabelle Lo Yan Yam, Li Yang Hsu, Eric Peng-Huat Yap, Tsin Wen Yeo, Vernon Lee, Joergen Schlundt, May O. Lwin, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Mark Jit, Peter Dedon, Paul Turner and Annelies Wilder-Smith

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:202

    Content type: Meeting Report

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  26. The prevention of nosocomial infections requires participation from the patients themselves. In the past, however, patients have been apprehensive to point out hygiene-relevant behaviour to the personnel.

    Authors: Tillmann Görig, Kathleen Dittmann, Axel Kramer, Claus-Dieter Heidecke, Stephan Diedrich and Nils-Olaf Hübner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:201

    Content type: Research

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  27. The increase of antimicrobial resistance, mainly due to increased antibiotic use, is worrying. Preliminary evidence suggests that antibiotic use differs across ethnic groups in the Netherlands, with higher use...

    Authors: Emelie C. Schuts, Eline van Dulm, Anders Boyd, Marieke B. Snijder, Suzanne E. Geerlings, Maria Prins and Jan M. Prins

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:200

    Content type: Research

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  28. Acinetobacter baumannii causes frequently nosocomial infections worldwide. Its ability to survive on dry surfaces facilitates its spread and the persistence of endemic situations, especially in the intensive care...

    Authors: R. Valencia-Martín, V. Gonzalez-Galan, R. Alvarez-Marín, A. M. Cazalla-Foncueva, T. Aldabó, M. V. Gil-Navarro, I. Alonso-Araujo, C. Martin, R. Gordon, E. J. García-Nuñez, R. Perez, G. Peñalva, J. Aznar, M. Conde and J. M. Cisneros

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:199

    Content type: Research

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  29. Although catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI) is a major healthcare-related problem worldwide, there is a scarcity of current data from countries with high antimicrobial resistance rates. We ai...

    Authors: Aina Gomila, Jordi Carratalà, Noa Eliakim-Raz, Evelyn Shaw, Cristian Tebé, Martin Wolkewitz, Irith Wiegand, Sally Grier, Christiane Vank, Nienke Cuperus, Leonard Van den Heuvel, Cuong Vuong, Alasdair MacGowan, Leonard Leibovici, Ibironke Addy and Miquel Pujol

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:198

    Content type: Research

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  30. Antimicrobial resistance has become one of the most severe global threats to human and veterinary Medicine. colistin is an effective therapeutic agent against multi-drug-resistant pathogens. However, the discover...

    Authors: Zeinab S. Ahmed, Esraa A. Elshafiee, Hanan S. Khalefa, Mona Kadry and Dalia A. Hamza

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:197

    Content type: Research

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  31. Little is known about risk factors for subsequent infections among vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm) colonizers, especially characterized by concordant pulsotypes (CP) of paired colonization and i...

    Authors: Pao-Yu Chen, Yu-Chung Chuang, Jann-Tay Wang, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yee-Chun Chen and Shan-Chwen Chang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:196

    Content type: Research

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  32. Hand hygiene compliance can be improved by strategies fostering collaborative efforts among healthcare workers (HCWs) through change agents. However, there is limited information about how change agents shape ...

    Authors: Yew Fong Lee, Mary-Louise McLaws, Loke Meng Ong, Suraya Amir Husin, Hock Hin Chua, See Yin Wong, Didier Pittet and Walter Zingg

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:195

    Content type: Research

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  33. Antibiotic resistance is a major global public health threat. Antibiotic use can directly impact the antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) profile of the human intestinal microbiome and consequently the environmen...

    Authors: Vu Thi Ngoc Bich, Le Viet Thanh, Pham Duy Thai, Tran Thi Van Phuong, Melissa Oomen, Christel Driessen, Erik Beuken, Tran Huy Hoang, H. Rogier van Doorn, John Penders and Heiman F. L. Wertheim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:194

    Content type: Research

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  34. A multitude of definitions determining multidrug resistance (MDR) of Gram-negative organisms exist worldwide. The definitions differ depending on their purpose and on the issueing country or organization. The ...

    Authors: Aline Wolfensberger, Stefan P. Kuster, Martina Marchesi, Reinhard Zbinden and Michael Hombach

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:193

    Content type: Research

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  35. The effectiveness of alcohol-based hand rubs (ABHRs) depends substantially on their acceptability and tolerability. In this study, we assessed the acceptability and tolerability of a new ABHR (product EU 100.2...

    Authors: Patryk Tarka, Katarzyna Gutkowska and Aneta Nitsch-Osuch

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:191

    Content type: Research

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  36. Poor hand hygiene compliance is one in all the leading contributory factors to healthcare-associated infections. This is an important source of complications across the continuum of care and poses a serious th...

    Authors: Garedew Tadege Engdaw, Mulat Gebrehiwot and Zewudu Andualem

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:190

    Content type: Research

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  37. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is one of the leading bacterial causes of intestinal inflammation and diarrhea. However, the ETEC is frequently resistant to common antibiotics. In this study, we explored ...

    Authors: Qian Lin, Guoqi Su, Aimin Wu, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Zhiqing Huang, Yuheng Luo, Xiangbing Mao, Ping Zheng, Jie Yu, Junqiu Luo and Jun He

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:189

    Content type: Research

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  38. The inappropriate use of antibiotics in hospitals increases resistance, morbidity, and mortality. Little is currently known about appropriate antibiotic use among hospitals in Lahore, the capital city of Pakis...

    Authors: Zikria Saleem, Hamid Saeed, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Brian Godman, Usama Asif, Mahrukh Yousaf, Zakiuddin Ahmed, Humayun Riaz and Syed Atif Raza

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:188

    Content type: Research

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  39. Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) belonging to clonal complex 398 is recognized as an occupational hazard for workers employed in intensive animal husbandry, especially in th...

    Authors: Mattia Pirolo, Daniela Visaggio, Angela Gioffrè, Irene Artuso, Monica Gherardi, Grazia Pavia, Pasquale Samele, Lucia Ciambrone, Rossella Di Natale, Giovanna Spatari, Francesco Casalinuovo and Paolo Visca

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:187

    Content type: Research

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  40. Most septic patients managed by critical care response teams (CCRT) are prescribed antimicrobials. Nevertheless, data evaluating their appropriateness are lacking both locally and internationally. The objectiv...

    Authors: Saad M. Al-Qahtani, Henry Baffoe-Bonnie, Aiman El-Saed, Majid Alshamrani, Abdullah Algwizani, Ali Alaklabi, Khuloud AlJoudi, Nahlah Albaalharith, Azzam Mohammed, Sajid Hussain and Hanan H. Balkhy

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:186

    Content type: Research

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  41. Antibiotic use is largely under-regulated in Egypt leading to the emergence of resistant isolates. Carbapenems are last resort agents to treat Acinetobacter baumannii infections resistant to other classes of anti...

    Authors: Alaa Abouelfetouh, Aisha S. Torky and Elsayed Aboulmagd

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:185

    Content type: Research

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  42. The original article [1] contains an error in Fig. 1 whereby sub-figures 1B, 1C & 1D contain the wrong scale on the x-axis. The correct sub-figures are located ahead in this Correction article and should be co...

    Authors: Kathleen Dittmann, Thomas Schmidt, Gerald Müller, Christiane Cuny, Silva Holtfreter, Daniel Troitzsch, Peter Pfaff and Nils-Olaf Hübner

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:184

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:122

  43. Inadequate training of health care workers responsible for the sterilization of surgical instruments in low- and middle-income countries compromises the safety of workers and patients alike.

    Authors: Olive Fast, Faith-Michael Uzoka, Alexander Cuncannon, Christina Fast, Aliyah Dosani, Elias Charles Nyanza, Dan Fast and Theresia Maduka

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:183

    Content type: Research

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  44. Treatment of chronic osteomyelitis (bone infection) remains a clinical challenge. Our previous study had demonstrated that NEMO-binding domain (NBD) peptide effectively ameliorates the inhibition of osteoblast...

    Authors: Chang-Peng Xu, Ya Chen, Hong-Tao Sun, Zhuang Cui, Ya-Jun Yang, Lei Huang, Bin Yu, Fa-Zheng Wang, Qing-Po Yang and Yong Qi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:182

    Content type: Research

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  45. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common infections found in humans, with uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) being the most common cause. Prevention of UTI is a major global concern due to it...

    Authors: Shivanthi Samarasinghe, Ruth Reid and Majid AL-Bayati

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:181

    Content type: Research

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  46. Residential care facilities (RCFs) act as reservoirs for multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO). There are scarce data on colonisation with MDROs in Africa. We aimed to determine the prevalence of MDROs and C. diff...

    Authors: Jason September, Leon Geffen, Kathryn Manning, Preneshni Naicker, Cheryl Faro, Marc Mendelson and Sean Wasserman

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:180

    Content type: Research

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  47. Isolation precautions are intended to prevent transmission of infectious agents, yet healthcare provider (HCP) adherence remains suboptimal. This may be due to ambiguity regarding the required precautions or t...

    Authors: Lauren Clack, Manuel Stühlinger, Marie-Theres Meier, Aline Wolfensberger and Hugo Sax

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:179

    Content type: Research

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  48. Many members of Streptococcus and Enterococcus genera are clinically relevant opportunistic pathogens warranting accurate and rapid identification for targeted therapy. Currently, the developed method based on ne...

    Authors: Maja Kosecka-Strojek, Artur J. Sabat, Viktoria Akkerboom, Anna M. D. (Mirjam) Kooistra-Smid, Jacek Miedzobrodzki and Alexander W. Friedrich

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:178

    Content type: Research

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  49. Hand hygiene is a simple and effective solution in prevention of Multi Drug Resistant Organisms. Hand Hygiene campaigns have mostly taken the form of a generalised hospital approach with visual reminders and r...

    Authors: Surinder M. S. Kaur Pada, Poh Ling Chee, Sarathemani Rathenam, Kim Sim Ng, Lilibeth Silagan Alenton, Lishi Poh and Paul Anatharajah Tambyah

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2019 8:177

    Content type: Research

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