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  1. Research

    An electronic trigger tool to optimise intravenous to oral antibiotic switch: a controlled, interrupted time series study

    Timely switch from intravenous (iv) antibiotics to oral therapy is a key component of antimicrobial stewardship programs in order to improve patient safety, promote early discharge and reduce costs. We have in...

    Marvin A. H. Berrevoets, Johannes (Hans) L. W. Pot, Anne E. Houterman, Anton (Ton) S. M. Dofferhoff, Marrigje H. Nabuurs-Franssen, Hanneke W. H. A. Fleuren, Bart-Jan Kullberg, Jeroen A. Schouten and Tom Sprong

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:81

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  2. Research

    Antibiotic resistance, ability to form biofilm and susceptibility to copper alloys of selected staphylococcal strains isolated from touch surfaces in Polish hospital wards

    Despite the employment of sanitary regimes, contact transmission of the aetiological agents of hospital infections is still exceedingly common. The issue of microbe transmission becomes particularly important ...

    Anna Różańska, Agnieszka Chmielarczyk, Dorota Romaniszyn, Małgorzata Bulanda, Monika Walkowicz, Piotr Osuch and Tadeusz Knych

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:80

    Published on: 14 August 2017

  3. Short report

    Knowledge sharing in infection prevention in routine and outbreak situations: a survey of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America Research Network

    In this cross-sectional Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America Research Network survey on knowledge sharing in infection prevention we identified a rudimentary understanding of how to communicate and s...

    Rami Sommerstein, Sonja Geser, Andrew Atkinson, Franziska Tschan, Daniel J. Morgan and Jonas Marschall

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:79

    Published on: 8 August 2017

  4. Research

    Plasmid-mediated mcr-1 colistin resistance in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. clinical isolates from the Western Cape region of South Africa

    Colistin is a last resort antibiotic for the treatment of carbapenem-resistant Gram negative infections. Until recently, mechanisms of colistin resistance were limited to chromosomal mutations which confer a h...

    Mae Newton-Foot, Yolandi Snyman, Motlatji Reratilwe Bonnie Maloba and Andrew Christopher Whitelaw

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:78

    Published on: 3 August 2017

  5. Research

    Evaluation of automated systems for aminoglycosides and fluoroquinolones susceptibility testing for Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae

    Automated systems (MicroScan WalkAway 96 Plus, Phoenix 100, and Vitek 2 Compact) are widely used in clinical laboratories nowadays. The aim of this study is to evaluate the performance of these three systems f...

    Zhichang Zhao, Fangjun Lan, Maobai Liu, Weiyuan Chen, Liya Huang, Qili Lin and Bin Li

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:77

    Published on: 1 August 2017

  6. Research

    Antimicrobial use and antimicrobial susceptibility in Escherichia coli on small- and medium-scale pig farms in north-eastern Thailand

    Intensification of livestock production seen in many low- and middle-income countries is often believed to be associated with increased use of antimicrobials, and may hence contribute to the emergence of antim...

    G. Ström, M. Halje, D. Karlsson, J. Jiwakanon, M. Pringle, L.-L. Fernström and U. Magnusson

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:75

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  7. Research

    The impact of methicillin-resistant S. aureus on length of stay, readmissions and costs: a register based case-control study of patients hospitalized in Norway

    Patients with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) are thought to incur additional costs for hospitals due to longer stay and contact isolation. The aim of this study was to assess the costs associated with MRS...

    A. Elizabeth S. Andreassen, Caroline M. Jacobsen, BirgitteFreiesleben de Blasio, Richard White, Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen and Petter Elstrøm

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:74

    Published on: 6 July 2017

  8. Research

    Incidence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of nosocomial Enterococcus spp. bloodstream infections in a tertiary-care hospital in Beijing, China: a four-year retrospective study

    Enterococcus spp. are the common cause of nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs) with high morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to characterize the incidence, clini...

    Yangyang Zhang, Mingmei Du, Yan Chang, Liang-an Chen and Qing Zhang

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:73

    Published on: 4 July 2017

  9. Short report

    Influence of glycerol and an alternative humectant on the immediate and 3-hours bactericidal efficacies of two isopropanol-based antiseptics in laboratory experiments in vivo according to EN 12791

    Guidelines for hand hygiene recommend the use of alcohol-based hand rubs containing humectants in order to improve dermal tolerance. However, the bactericidal efficacy of pre-surgical hand rubs is negatively a...

    Miranda Suchomel, Martina Weinlich and Michael Kundi

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:72

    Published on: 27 June 2017

  10. Research

    Non-prescribed antimicrobial use and associated factors among customers in drug retail outlet in Central Zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

    Non-prescribed antimicrobial use and their resistance are among the main public health problems, worldwide. In Ethiopia, particularly in the northern part, the magnitude of non-prescribed antimicrobial use and...

    Negash Hadera Gebrekirstos, Birhanu Demeke Workneh, Yosef Sibhatu Gebregiorgis, Kebede Haile Misgina, Negassie Berhe Weldehaweria, Meresa Gebremedhin Weldu and Hailay Siyum Belay

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:70

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  11. Research

    No nosocomial transmission under standard hygiene precautions in short term contact patients in case of an unexpected ESBL or Q&A E. coli positive patient: a one-year prospective cohort study within three regional hospitals

    Many Highly Resistant Gram Negative Rod (HR-GNR) positive patients are found unexpectedly in clinical cultures, besides patients who are screened and isolated based on risk factors. As unexpected HR-GNR positi...

    Dennis Souverein, Sjoerd M. Euser, Bjorn L. Herpers, Corry Hattink, Patricia Houtman, Amerens Popma, Jan Kluytmans, John W. A. Rossen and Jeroen W. Den Boer

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:69

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  12. Letter to the Editor

    Relationship between hospital ward design and healthcare associated infection rates: what does the evidence really tell us? Comment on Stiller et al. 2016

    The systematic review published by Stiller et al. in Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control in November 2016 concludes that single-patient bedrooms confer a significant benefit for protecting patients fr...

    Jennie Wilson, Andrew Dunnett and Heather Loveday

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:71

    Published on: 26 June 2017

  13. Research

    High burden of antimicrobial resistance among gram negative bacteria causing healthcare associated infections in a critical care unit of Nepal

    Healthcare associated infections (HCAI) and antimicrobial resistance are principal threats to the patients of intensive care units and are the major determining factors for patient outcome. They are associated...

    Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Subhash Prasad Acharya, Shyam Kumar Mishra, Keshab Parajuli, Basista Prasad Rijal and Bharat Mani Pokhrel

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:67

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  14. Research

    Use of 90% ethanol to decontaminate stethoscopes in resource limited settings

    In developing countries like Nepal, 90% ethanol is cheap and is available in most hospitals. The unavailability of isopropyl alcohol (IPA) in these settings led us to compare the efficacy between 90% ethanol a...

    Bijendra Raj Raghubanshi, Supriya Sapkota, Arjab Adhikari, Aman Dutta, Utsuk Bhattarai and Rastriyata Bhandari

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:68

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  15. Research

    Incidence and risk factors for surgical site infections in obstetric and gynecological surgeries from a teaching hospital in rural India

    Surgical site infections (SSI) are one of the most common healthcare associated infections in the low-middle income countries. Data on incidence and risk factors for SSI following surgeries in general and Obst...

    Ashish Pathak, Kalpana Mahadik, Manmat B. Swami, Pulak K. Roy, Megha Sharma, Vijay K. Mahadik and Cecilia Stålsby Lundborg

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:66

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  16. Short report

    Why language matters: a tour through hand hygiene literature

    Hand hygiene has evolved over the last decades and many terminologies emerged. We aimed to analyse the evolution in the frequency of utilization of key hand hygiene terms in the literature along the years.

    Daniela Pires, Ermira Tartari, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues and Didier Pittet

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:65

    Published on: 14 June 2017

  17. Research

    Emerging antimicrobial resistance in early and late-onset neonatal sepsis

    Compared to developed countries, the use of antimicrobials in Egypt is less regulated and is available over the counter without the need for prescriptions. The impact of such policy on antimicrobial resistance...

    Lamiaa Mohsen, Nermin Ramy, Dalia Saied, Dina Akmal, Niveen Salama, Mona M. Abdel Haleim and Hany Aly

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:63

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  18. Research

    Fecal carriage of extended-spectrum β-lactamase- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Egyptian patients with community-onset gastrointestinal complaints: a hospital -based cross-sectional study

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase production among Enterobacteriaceae isolated from ambulatory patients with gastrointestinal compl...

    H.M. Abdallah, N. Alnaiemi, E.A. Reuland, B.B. Wintermans, A. Koek, A.M. Abdelwahab, A. Samy, K.W. Abdelsalam and C.M.J.E. Vandenbroucke-Grauls

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:62

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  19. Research

    Comparison of subsequent infection in methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers between ST72 community-genotype and hospital genotypes: a retrospective cohort study

    Carriage of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important risk factor of subsequent infection. The purpose of our study was to compare the rates of subsequent infection among newly-admitted p...

    So Yeon Park, Doo Ryeon Chung, Yu Ri Kang, So Hyun Kim, Sun Young Cho, Young Eun Ha, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Jae-Hoon Song

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:60

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  20. Research

    Reduced rate of intensive care unit acquired gram-negative bacilli after removal of sinks and introduction of ‘water-free’ patient care

    Sinks in patient rooms are associated with hospital-acquired infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of removal of sinks from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patient rooms and the introducti...

    Joost Hopman, Alma Tostmann, Heiman Wertheim, Maria Bos, Eva Kolwijck, Reinier Akkermans, Patrick Sturm, Andreas Voss, Peter Pickkers and Hans vd Hoeven

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:59

    Published on: 10 June 2017

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