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  1. Even though children seem to be less vulnerable to the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection, still a diverse range of clinical presentations and symptoms have been reported in children. Few studies as...

    Authors: Gholamreza Soleimani, Fatemeh Akbarirad, Elham Shafighi Shahri and Seyyed Masoud Sajjadi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:165

    Content type: Research

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  2. Few studies have investigated the contamination of personal protective equipment (PPE) during the management of patients with severe-to-critical coronavirus disease (COVID-19). This study aimed to determine th...

    Authors: Jongtak Jung, Kyoung-Ho Song, Hyeonju Jeong, Sin Young Ham, Eu Suk Kim and Hong Bin Kim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:164

    Content type: Short report

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  3. Early evaluations of healthcare professional (HCP) COVID-19 risk occurred during insufficient personal protective equipment and disproportionate testing, contributing to perceptions of high patient-care relate...

    Authors: Shruti K. Gohil, Kathleen A. Quan, Keith M. Madey, Suzanne King-Adelsohn, Tom Tjoa, Delia Tifrea, Bridgit O. Crews, Edwin S. Monuki, Saahir Khan, Sebastian D. Schubl, Cassiana E. Bittencourt, Neil Detweiler, Wayne Chang, Lynn Willis, Usme Khusbu, Antonella Saturno…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:163

    Content type: Research

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  4. The increasing prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) is a growing problem globally, particularly in low- to middle-income countries (LMICs). Previous studies have shown high rates of CRE ...

    Authors: Björn Berglund, Ngoc Thi Bich Hoang, Ludwig Lundberg, Ngai Kien Le, Maria Tärnberg, Maud Nilsson, Elin Bornefall, Dung Thi Khanh Khu, Jenny Welander, Hai Thanh Le, Linus Olson, Tran Minh Dien, Lennart E. Nilsson, Mattias Larsson and Håkan Hanberger

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:162

    Content type: Research

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  5. Studies have shown that a ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) bundle significantly decreases VAP rates. In this study, we evaluated existing knowledge, practices, and adherence of nurses and infection contro...

    Authors: Cybele Lara Abad, Cordella P. Formalejo and Dan Meynard L. Mantaring

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:161

    Content type: Short report

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  6. Critically ill patients in intensive care units (ICUs) often acquire opportunistic infections or are colonized by vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), which limits therapeutic options and results in high ca...

    Authors: Jin Woong Suh, Nam Hee Kim, Min Jung Lee, Seoung Eun Lee, Byung Chul Chun, Chang Kyu Lee, Juneyoung Lee, Jong Hun Kim, Sun Bean Kim, Young Kyung Yoon, Jang Wook Sohn and Min Ja Kim

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:160

    Content type: Research

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  7. In the COVID-19 pandemic context, a massive shortage of personal protective equipment occurred. To increase the available stocks, several countries appealed for donations from individuals or industries. While ...

    Authors: Guillaume Cambien, Jérémy Guihenneuc, Xavier Fouassin, Olivier Castel, Anne Bousseau and Sarah Ayraud-Thevenot

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:159

    Content type: Research

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  8. We developed SmartRub® powered by iQati®, an electronic device composed of a wristband and an alcohol-based handrub pocket-sized dispenser that measures and provides feedback on the duration of hand friction a...

    Authors: Chloé Guitart, Yves-Alain Robert, Nasim Lotfinejad, Simon Fourquier, Yves Martin, Daniela Pires, Julien Sauser, René Beuchat and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:158

    Content type: Research

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  9. Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) strategies worldwide focus on optimising the use of antibiotics. Selective susceptibility reporting is recommended as an effective AMS tool although there is a lack of represent...

    Authors: Franka Lestin-Bernstein, Ramona Harberg, Ingo Schumacher, Lutz Briedigkeit, Oliver Heese and Kristina Biedermann

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:157

    Content type: Research

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  10. The effect of eye protection to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection in the real-world remains uncertain. We aimed to synthesize all available research on the potential impact of eye protection on transmission of SARS...

    Authors: Oyungerel Byambasuren, Elaine Beller, Justin Clark, Peter Collignon and Paul Glasziou

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:156

    Content type: Research

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  11. We defined the frequency of respiratory community-acquired bacterial co-infection in patients with COVID-19, i.e. patients with a positive SARS-CoV-2 PCR or a COVID-19 Reporting and Data System (CO-RADS) score...

    Authors: Sophie Coenen, Jara R. de la Court, David T. P. Buis, Lilian J. Meijboom, Rogier P. Schade, Caroline E. Visser, Reinier van Hest, Marianne Kuijvenhoven, Jan M. Prins, Suzan F. M. Nijman, Elske Sieswerda and Kim C. E. Sigaloff

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:155

    Content type: Research

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  12. The aim of this research study was to compare the situation concerning the use of microbiology testing, the epidemiology of healthcare-associated infection (HAI) and antimicrobial consumption (AMC) in Polish l...

    Authors: Jadwiga Wojkowska-Mach, Michał Brudło, Mariusz Topolski, Tomasz Bochenek, Estera Jachowicz, Małgorzata Siewierska and Anna Różańska

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:154

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Approximately 11% of patients colonized with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-PE) are colonized with more than one ESBL-producing species. We investigated risk factors associat...

    Authors: Isabelle Vock, Lisandra Aguilar-Bultet, Adrian Egli, Pranita D. Tamma and Sarah Tschudin-Sutter

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:153

    Content type: Research

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  14. How antimicrobial resistance (AMR) risk is communicated in news media can shape public understanding and the engagement of different sectors with AMR. This study examined online news media attention for AMR ri...

    Authors: Qiuyan Liao, Jiehu Yuan, Meihong Dong, Pauline Paterson and Wendy Wing Tak Lam

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:152

    Content type: Research

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  15. Concomitant prevention of SARS-CoV-2 and extensively drug-resistant bacteria transmission is a difficult challenge in intensive care units dedicated to COVID-19 patients. We report a nosocomial cluster of four...

    Authors: Guillaume Miltgen, Thomas Garrigos, Pascal Cholley, Marine Deleume, Nicolas Allou, Jérôme Allyn, David A. Wilkinson, Nathalie Lugagne, Olivier Belmonte, Xavier Bertrand, Didier Hocquet and Patrick Mavingui

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:151

    Content type: Short report

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  16. Healthcare-associated infections (HCAIs) present a major public health problem that significantly affects patients, health care providers and the entire healthcare system. Infection prevention and control prog...

    Authors: Eric Tchouaket Nguemeleu, Stephanie Robins, Sandra Boivin, Drissa Sia, Kelley Kilpatrick, Bruno Dubreuil, Catherine Larouche, Natasha Parisien and Josiane Letourneau

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:150

    Content type: Research

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  17. In the health care setting, infection control actions are fundamental for containing the dissemination of multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDR). Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales (CPE), especially Klebsiella ...

    Authors: Fabio Arena, Anna Rita Daniela Coda, Valentina Meschini, Roberto Verzicco and Arcangelo Liso

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:149

    Content type: Research

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  18. Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 131 H30 is an emerging multidrug resistant subclone, known to spread and cause outbreaks in long-term care facilities (LTCFs).

    Authors: Romain Martischang, Patrice François, Abdessalam Cherkaoui, Nadia Gaïa, Gesuele Renzi, Americo Agostinho, Monica Perez, Christophe E. Graf and Stephan Harbarth

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:148

    Content type: Research

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  19. Animals are a reservoir for ESBL/pAmpC-producing Escherichia coli/Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-E/K). We investigated the association between occupational contact with different types of animals and the prevalence ...

    Authors: Anouk P. Meijs, Esther F. Gijsbers, Paul D. Hengeveld, Cindy M. Dierikx, Sabine C. de Greeff and Engeline van Duijkeren

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:147

    Content type: Research

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  20. Surgical site infections after craniotomy (SSI-CRAN) significantly impact patient outcomes and healthcare costs by increasing length of stay and readmission and reoperation rates. However, to our knowledge, no...

    Authors: Emilio Jiménez-Martínez, Guillermo Cuervo, Jordi Carratalà, Ana Hornero, Pilar Ciercoles, Andreu Gabarrós, Carmen Cabellos, Ivan Pelegrin, Maria Angeles Domínguez-Luzón, Jordi Càmara, Ramon Moreno-Fuentes, Jordi Adamuz and Miquel Pujol

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:146

    Content type: Research

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  21. Community perception on antimicrobials plays a role in driving the development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR). The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of interprofessional service-learning on the ef...

    Authors: Anna C. Y. Lo, Joyce T. S. Li, Janita P. C. Chau, Samuel Y. S. Wong, David S. C. Hui and Vivian W. Y. Lee

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:145

    Content type: Research

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  22. With the current COVID-19 pandemic, many healthcare facilities have been lacking a steady supply of filtering facepiece respirators. To better address this challenge, the decontamination and reuse of these res...

    Authors: Alexandra Peters, Nasim Lotfinejad, Rafael Palomo, Walter Zingg, Pierre Parneix, Hervé Ney and Didier Pittet

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:144

    Content type: Review

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  23. We report a nosocomial outbreak caused by Burkholderia cepacia that occurred among six patients admitted in the medical and surgical intensive care unit between 04 March 2019 and 02 April 2019 in Istanbul, Turkey...

    Authors: Hüseyin Bilgin, Gülşen Altınkanat Gelmez, Fatma Bayrakdar, Elvan Sayın, Fethi Gül, Nazlı Pazar, Gülcan Çulha, Serap Süzük Yıldız, Ismail Cinel and Volkan Korten

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:143

    Content type: Research

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  24. Overuse of antibiotics is a major challenge and undermines measures to control drug resistance worldwide. Postnatal women and newborns are at risk of infections and are often prescribed prophylactic antibiotic...

    Authors: Mwaka A. Kakolwa, Susannah L. Woodd, Alexander M. Aiken, Fatuma Manzi, Giorgia Gon, Wendy J. Graham and Abdunoor M. Kabanywanyi

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:142

    Content type: Short report

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  25. Mycobacterium chimaera infections subsequent to cardiac surgery are related to contaminated heater-cooler devices, with high mortality. Nevertheless, few studies have been reported in Asia.

    Authors: Di Lu, Chun-Hong Zhang, Li-Jiang Chen, Pei-Feng Jin, Xia-Fei Feng, Xi Zhou, Wei-Cong Huang, Jue Wang, Ying Dai and Yun Fu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:141

    Content type: Case report

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  26. Although several meta-analyses reported the impact of chlorhexidine (CHX) use in patients undergoing various types of surgery, no meta-analysis summarized the overall effectiveness of CHX specifically for card...

    Authors: Jianhua Wei, Lingying He, Fengxia Weng, Fangfang Huang and Peng Teng

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:140

    Content type: Review

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  27. Hospital characteristics have been recognized as potential risk factors for surgical site infection for over 20 years. However, most research has focused on patient and procedural risk factors. Understanding h...

    Authors: Rui Malheiro, Bárbara Peleteiro and Sofia Correia

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:139

    Content type: Review

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  28. The Global Point Prevalence Survey of Antimicrobial Consumption and Resistance (Global-PPS) provides a methodology to support hospitals worldwide in collecting antimicrobial use data. We aim to evaluate the im...

    Authors: Ines Pauwels, Ann Versporten, Helene Vermeulen, Erika Vlieghe and Herman Goossens

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:138

    Content type: Research

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  29. We describe the lessons learned during a SARS-CoV-2 variant-of-concern Alpha outbreak investigation at a normal care unit in a university hospital in Amsterdam in December 2020. The outbreak consisted of nine ...

    Authors: Jelle Koopsen, Mireille Dekker, Philip Thung, Marcel Jonges, Harry Vennema, Tjalling Leenstra, Dirk Eggink, Matthijs R. A. Welkers, Peter A. A. Struijs, Chantal Reusken, Rosa van Mansfeld, Menno D. de Jong, Janke Schinkel and Ingrid J. B. Spijkerman

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:137

    Content type: Short report

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  30. The risk of surgical site infections (SSIs), particularly methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) SSIs, after spinal surgeries is one of the most daunting experiences to patients and surgeons. Some aut...

    Authors: Rawan T. Tafish, Ahmed F. Alkhaldi, Anouar Bourghli and Turki A. Althunian

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:136

    Content type: Research

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  31. To investigate the clinical features and outcomes of patients with mechanical ventilation-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by Acinetobacter baumannii (Ab), and to characterize the drug resistance of pathogenic s...

    Authors: Tao Zhang, Xiao Xu, Cai-Fang Xu, Salisu Rabiu Bilya and Wei Xu

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:135

    Content type: Research

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  32. Identifying healthcare workers (HCW) who have less awareness and knowledge on antibiotic use and resistance represents a challenge for public health, since it might help the development of novel educational an...

    Authors: Martina Barchitta, Michela Sabbatucci, Francesca Furiozzi, Stefania Iannazzo, Andrea Maugeri, Francesco Maraglino, Rosa Prato, Antonella Agodi and Annalisa Pantosti

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:134

    Content type: Research

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  33. High-touch surfaces are a critical reservoir in the spread of nosocomial infections. Although disinfection and infection control protocols are well developed, they lack the ability to passively reduce the path...

    Authors: Sadru-Dean Walji, Mark R. Bruder and Marc G. Aucoin

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:133

    Content type: Research

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  34. Monitoring pathogens of bloodstream infections (BSI) and their antibiotic susceptibility is important to guide empiric antibiotic treatment strategies and prevention programs.

    Authors: Franziska Schöneweck, Roland P. H. Schmitz, Florian Rißner, André Scherag, Bettina Löffler, Mathias W. Pletz, Sebastian Weis, Frank M. Brunkhorst and Stefan Hagel

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:132

    Content type: Research

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  35. Escherichia coli is an important pathogen in humans and is the most common cause of bacterial bloodstream infections (BSIs). The objectives of our study were to determine factors associated with E. coli BSI incid...

    Authors: Melissa C. MacKinnon, Scott A. McEwen, David L. Pearl, Outi Lyytikäinen, Gunnar Jacobsson, Peter Collignon, Daniel B. Gregson, Louis Valiquette and Kevin B. Laupland

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:131

    Content type: Research

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  36. Non-prescription antibiotic use at community is a main driver of antimicrobial resistance. Cough is a common condition and prevalent in all townships, including China. This study aims to investigate the non-pr...

    Authors: Yan Luo, Xuewen Tang, Linling Ding, Zhujun Shao, Jianxing Yu, Yangqing Chen, Yang Zhou, Hanqing He and Zhiping Chen

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:129

    Content type: Research

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  37. To assess if admission screening for Carbapenem Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and cohort care can reduce CRE acquisition (CRE colonization during hospital stay), Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI), hospital-...

    Authors: K. Garpvall, V. Duong, S. Linnros, T. N. Quốc, D. Mucchiano, S. Modeen, L. Lagercrantz, A. Edman, N. K. Le, T. Huong, N. T. B. Hoang, H. T. Le, D. TK. Khu, D. M. Tran, P. H. Phuc, H. Hanberger…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:128

    Content type: Research

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  38. Despite compliance to extensive reprocessing protocols, duodenoscopes have been linked to outbreaks of susceptible and multi-drug resistant organisms (MDRO) due to persistent duodenoscope contamination. Duoden...

    Authors: Judith A. Kwakman, Arjan W. Rauwers, Corné H. W. Klaassen, Marco J. Bruno and Margreet C. Vos

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:127

    Content type: Case report

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  39. Recently, the definition of extensively drug-resistant TB (XDR-TB) has been revised. In this study, we conducted a descriptive and retrospective study to determine the prevalence of XDR-TB in a Chinese multidr...

    Authors: Cong Yao, Haiping Guo, Qiang Li, Xuxia Zhang, Yuanyuan Shang, Tongxin Li, Yufeng Wang, Zhongtan Xue, Lu Wang, Liang Li and Yu Pang

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:126

    Content type: Research

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  40. One June 15, 2021, infectious disease authorities from around the world participated in a joint webinar to share experiences and lessons learned in combatting the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the overriding goals...

    Authors: Kevin T. Kavanagh, Christine Pontus, Judith Pare and Lindsay E. Cormier

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:125

    Content type: Meeting Report

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  41. Antibiotic resistance is a public health concern in Democratic Republic Congo and worldwide. It is usually caused by antibiotic over prescription or dispensing practices. The consumption of animal source food ...

    Authors: Ghislain Bilamirwa Ngaruka, Brigitte Bora Neema, Theophile Kashosi Mitima, Antoine Sadiki Kishabongo and Olivier Basole Kashongwe

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:124

    Content type: Research

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  42. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) infection outbreaks are difficult to control and sometimes require cohorting of CRAB-positive patients or temporary ward closure for environmental cleaning. We ...

    Authors: Marianna Meschiari, José-María Lòpez-Lozano, Vincenzo Di Pilato, Carola Gimenez-Esparza, Elena Vecchi, Erica Bacca, Gabriella Orlando, Erica Franceschini, Mario Sarti, Monica Pecorari, Antonella Grottola, Claudia Venturelli, Stefano Busani, Lucia Serio, Massimo Girardis, Gian Maria Rossolini…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:123

    Content type: Research

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  43. Staphylococcus aureus can colonize various host species, and human-animal interaction is a significant factor for cross-species transmission. However, data on S. aureus colonization in animals, particularly on ru...

    Authors: Adebayo Osagie Shittu, Fadekemi Funmilayo Taiwo, Neele Judith Froböse, Bianca Schwartbeck, Silke Niemann, Alexander Mellmann and Frieder Schaumburg

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:122

    Content type: Research

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  44. Overcrowding, abuse of antibiotics and increasing antimicrobial resistance negatively affect neonatal survival rates in developing countries. We aimed to define pathogens and their antimicrobial resistance (AM...

    Authors: Jing Liu, Zengyu Fang, Yonghui Yu, Yanjie Ding, Zhijie Liu, Chengyuan Zhang, Haiying He, Hongli Geng, Weibing Chen, Guoying Zhao, Qiang Liu, Baoying Wang, Xueming Sun, Shaofeng Wang, Rongrong Sun, Delong Fu…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:121

    Content type: Research

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  45. The hospital environment has got more attention as evidence as source for bacterial transmission and subsequent hospital-acquired infection increased. Regular cleaning and disinfection have been proposed to lo...

    Authors: Andreas F. Widmer, Sonja Kuster, Marc Dangel, Sammy Jäger and Reno Frei

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:120

    Content type: Research

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  46. Surveillance of nosocomial infections, like catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI), central line-associated bloodstream infection, possible ventilator-associated pneumonia and secondary bloodstrea...

    Authors: Clara Chong Hui Ong, Sharifah Farhanah, Kyaw Zaw Linn, Ying Wei Tang, Chu Ying Poon, Allie Yin Lim, Hui Ru Tan, Nur Hafizah Binte Hamed, Xiaowei Huan, Ser Hon Puah, Benjamin C. H. Ho, Margaret M. L. Soon, Brenda S. P. Ang, Shawn Vasoo, Monica Chan, Yee Sin Leo…

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:119

    Content type: Short report

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  47. The prevalence of infections caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-E. coli) is increasing worldwide, but the setting in which this increase is occurring is not well defined. ...

    Authors: Eva Raphael, M. Maria Glymour and Henry F. Chambers

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:118

    Content type: Research

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  48. Healthcare facility-onset Clostridioides difficile infection is the leading cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea, and is associated with morbidity and mortality. The use of antibiotics is an important risk fac...

    Authors: Ji Hyun Yun, Ga Eun Park and Hyun Kyun Ki

    Citation: Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2021 10:117

    Content type: Research

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