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  1. Guidelines article

    Infection prevention and control measures and tools for the prevention of entry of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae into healthcare settings: guidance from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

    Infections with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasingly being reported from patients in healthcare settings. They are associated with high patient morbidity, attributable mortality and hosp...

    A. P. Magiorakos, K. Burns, J. Rodríguez Baño, M. Borg, G. Daikos, U. Dumpis, J. C. Lucet, M. L. Moro, E. Tacconelli, G. Skov Simonsen, E. Szilágyi, A. Voss and J. T. Weber

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:113

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  2. Research

    Impact of single room design on the spread of multi-drug resistant bacteria in an intensive care unit

    Cross-transmission of nosocomial pathogens occurs frequently in intensive care units (ICU). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the introduction of a single room policy resulted in a decrease in t...

    Teysir Halaby, Nashwan al Naiemi, Bert Beishuizen, Roel Verkooijen, José A. Ferreira, Rob Klont and Christina vandenbroucke-Grauls

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:117

    Published on: 15 November 2017

  3. Research

    Sub-minimum inhibitory concentration of rifampin: a potential risk factor for resuscitation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Mycobacterium tuberculosis possesses five resuscitation-promoting factors, Rpf A to E, which are required for the resuscitation of dormancy in mycobacteria. This study explores the tra...

    Shahin Pourazar Dizaji, Alireza Taala, Morteza Masoumi, Nayereh Ebrahimzadeh, Abolfazl Fateh, Seyed Davar Siadat and Farzam Vaziri

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:116

    Published on: 14 November 2017

  4. Research

    Evaluation of a Stenotrophomonas maltophilia bacteremia cluster in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation recipients using whole genome sequencing

    Stenotrophomonas maltophilia ubiquitously occurs in the hospital environment. This opportunistic pathogen can cause severe infections in immunocompromised hosts such as hematopoietic s...

    Stefanie Kampmeier, Mike H. Pillukat, Aleksandra Pettke, Annelene Kossow, Evgeny A. Idelevich and Alexander Mellmann

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:115

    Published on: 13 November 2017

  5. Research

    Virucidal efficacy of peracetic acid for instrument disinfection

    Various peracetic-acid (PAA)-based products for processing flexible endoscopes on the market are often based on a two-component system including a cleaning step before the addition of PAA as disinfectant. The ...

    Britta Becker, Florian H. H. Brill, Daniel Todt, Eike Steinmann, Johannes Lenz, Dajana Paulmann, Birte Bischoff and Jochen Steinmann

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:114

    Published on: 10 November 2017

  6. Research

    Inappropriate use of antibiotics among communities of Gondar town, Ethiopia: a threat to the development of antimicrobial resistance

    The emergence of antimicrobial resistance, the main cause of morbidity and mortality from otherwise treatable infections, is largely attributed to the inappropriate use of antimicrobials. However, data on the ...

    Daniel Asfaw Erku, Abebe Basazn Mekuria and Sewunet Admasu Belachew

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:112

    Published on: 7 November 2017

  7. Research

    Who has to do it at the end of the day? Programme officials or hospital authorities?” Airborne infection control at drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) centres of Karnataka, India: a mixed-methods study

    Drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) centers admit patients with DR-TB for initiation of treatment and thereby concentrate the patients under one setting. It becomes imperative to assess the compliance of DR-TB...

    Kibballi Madhukeshwar Akshaya, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Abhay Subashrao Nirgude, Anil Singarajipura and Anil G. Jacob

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:111

    Published on: 6 November 2017

  8. Research

    Anti-Candida activity of antimicrobial impregnated central venous catheters

    Whenever the rate of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) remains high even after the implementation of preventive strategies, the use of chlorhexidine/silver sulfadiazine (CSS) or minocycl...

    L. Cobrado, A. Silva-Dias, M. M. Azevedo and A. Rodrigues

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:110

    Published on: 3 November 2017

  9. Research

    “First-person view” of pathogen transmission and hand hygiene – use of a new head-mounted video capture and coding tool

    Healthcare workers’ hands are the foremost means of pathogen transmission in healthcare, but detailed hand trajectories have been insufficiently researched so far. We developed and applied a new method to syst...

    Lauren Clack, Manuela Scotoni, Aline Wolfensberger and Hugo Sax

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:108

    Published on: 30 October 2017

  10. Research

    Cost-effectiveness of ceftolozane/tazobactam plus metronidazole versus piperacillin/tazobactam as initial empiric therapy for the treatment of complicated intra-abdominal infections based on pathogen distributions drawn from national surveillance data in the United States

    The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance among gram-negative pathogens in complicated intra-abdominal infections (cIAIs) has increased. In the absence of timely information on the infecting pathogens and the...

    Vimalanand S. Prabhu, Joseph S. Solomkin, Goran Medic, Jason Foo, Rebekah H. Borse, Teresa Kauf, Benjamin Miller, Shuvayu S. Sen and Anirban Basu

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:107

    Published on: 27 October 2017

  11. Research

    Extended spectrum and metalo beta-lactamase producing airborne Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii in restricted settings of a referral hospital: a neglected condition

    Frequently encountered multidrug-resistant bacterial isolates of P. aeruginosa and A. baumannii are common and prevalent in a hospital environment. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and patter...

    Fithamlak Bisetegen Solomon, Fiseha Wadilo, Efrata Girma Tufa and Meseret Mitiku

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:106

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  12. Research

    Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of ESBL and AmpC producing organisms associated with bacteraemia in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

    Broad-spectrum antimicrobials are commonly used as empirical therapy for infections of presumed bacterial origin. Increasing resistance to these antimicrobial agents has prompted the need for alternative thera...

    Nguyen Phu Huong Lan, Nguyen Huu Hien, Tu Le Thi Phuong, Duy Pham Thanh, Nga Tran Vu Thieu, Dung Tran Thi Ngoc, Ha Thanh Tuyen, Phat Voong Vinh, Matthew J. Ellington, Guy E. Thwaites, Nguyen Van Vinh Chau, Stephen Baker and Christine J. Boinett

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:105

    Published on: 16 October 2017

  13. Research

    Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of antibiotic resistance of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from hospital food

    Pathogenic biotypes of the Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are considered to be one of the major cause of food-borne diseases in hospitals. The present investigation was done to study t...

    Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Hasan Gandomi, Afshin Akhondzadeh Basti, Ali Misaghi and Ebrahim Rahimi

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:104

    Published on: 4 October 2017

  14. Research

    Clinical and molecular characteristics, risk factors and outcomes of Carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections in the intensive care unit

    To analyze the clinical characteristics and outcomes of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKp) and carbapenem-susceptible K. pneumoniae (CSKp) bloodstream infections (BSIs), and to study the risk facto...

    Xia Zheng, Jian-feng Wang, Wang-lan Xu, Jun Xu and Juan Hu

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:102

    Published on: 2 October 2017

  15. Research

    Implementation of central line-associated bloodstream infection prevention bundles in a surgical intensive care unit using peer tutoring

    Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) can be prevented through well-coordinated, multifaceted programs. However, implementation of CLABSI prevention programs requires individualized strategi...

    Sang-Won Park, Suhui Ko, Hye-sun An, Ji Hwan Bang and Woo-Young Chung

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:103

    Published on: 2 October 2017

  16. Research

    Assessment of the potential for resistance to antimicrobial violet-blue light in Staphylococcus aureus

    Antimicrobial violet-blue light in the region of 405 nm is emerging as an alternative technology for hospital decontamination and clinical treatment. The mechanism of action is the excitation of endogenous por...

    Rachael M. Tomb, Michelle Maclean, John E. Coia, Scott J. MacGregor and John G. Anderson

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:100

    Published on: 29 September 2017

  17. Research

    Readiness for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance in Pakistan; a model for laboratory strengthening

    Limited capacity of laboratories for antimicrobial susceptibility testing (AST) presents a critical diagnostic bottleneck in resource limited countries. This paper aims to identify such gaps and to explore whe...

    Dania Khalid Saeed, Rumina Hasan, Mahwish Naim, Afia Zafar, Erum Khan, Kausar Jabeen, Seema Irfan, Imran Ahmed, Mohammad Zeeshan, Zabin Wajidali, Joveria Farooqi, Sadia Shakoor, Abdul Chagla and Jason Rao

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:101

    Published on: 29 September 2017

  18. Research

    Clonal diversity and detection of carbapenem resistance encoding genes among multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates recovered from patients and environment in two intensive care units in a Moroccan hospital

    Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii has recently been defined by the World Health Organization as a critical pathogen. The aim of this study was to compare clonal diversity and carbapenemase-encoding gen...

    Jean Uwingabiye, Abdelhay Lemnouer, Ignasi Roca, Tarek Alouane, Mohammed Frikh, Bouchra Belefquih, Fatna Bssaibis, Adil Maleb, Yassine Benlahlou, Jalal Kassouati, Nawfal Doghmi, Abdelouahed Bait, Charki Haimeur, Lhoussain Louzi, Azeddine Ibrahimi, Jordi Vila…

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:99

    Published on: 26 September 2017

  19. Research

    Implementation of WHO multimodal strategy for improvement of hand hygiene: a quasi-experimental study in a Traditional Chinese Medicine hospital in Xi’an, China

    Hand hygiene (HH) is an essential component for preventing and controlling of healthcare-associated infection (HAI), whereas compliance with HH among health care workers (HCWs) is frequently poor. This study a...

    Li Shen, Xiaoqing Wang, Junming An, Jialu An, Ning Zhou, Lu Sun, Hong Chen, Lin Feng, Jing Han and Xiaorong Liu

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:98

    Published on: 20 September 2017

  20. Research

    Newest data on fluoroquinolone resistance mechanism of Shigella flexneri isolates in Jiangsu Province of China

    To determine the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility patterns and related presence of mutations in quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) genes and plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) among

    Tingting Qin, Huimin Qian, Wenting Fan, Ping Ma, Lu Zhou, Chen Dong, Bing Gu and Xiang Huo

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:97

    Published on: 19 September 2017

  21. Research

    The effect of antibiotic use on prevalence of nosocomial vancomycin-resistant enterococci- an ecologic study

    Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) are among the most common antimicrobial-resistant pathogens causing nosocomial infections. Although antibiotic use has been identified as a risk factor for VRE, it remain...

    Cornelius Remschmidt, Michael Behnke, Axel Kola, Luis A. Peña Diaz, Anna M. Rohde, Petra Gastmeier and Frank Schwab

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:95

    Published on: 13 September 2017

  22. Research

    Chlorhexidine is not an essential component in alcohol-based surgical hand preparation: a comparative study of two handrubs based on a modified EN 12791 test protocol

    Surgical hand preparation is an essential part of modern surgery. Both alcohol-based and antiseptic detergent-based hand preparation are recommended practices, with a trend towards use of alcohol based handrub...

    Thomas-Jörg Hennig, Sebastian Werner, Kathrin Naujox and Andreas Arndt

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:96

    Published on: 13 September 2017

  23. Letter to the Editor

    Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in retail food in Singapore

    We characterised 227 Staphylococcus aureus isolates from retail food and food handlers’ gloves samples obtained through food surveillance and risk assessment studies between 2011 and 2014. Of 227 isolates, five (...

    Kyaw Thu Aung, Li Yang Hsu, Tse Hsien Koh, Hapuarachchige Chanditha Hapuarachchi, Man Ling Chau, Ramona Alikiiteaga Gutiérrez and Lee Ching Ng

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:94

    Published on: 8 September 2017

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