Skip to main content

Advertisement

P013: Prevalence rate of healthcare associated infection in emergency critical care for surgery, burns and neurology ward

Article metrics

  • 762 Accesses

Introduction

Many Healthcare Associated Infections (HAI) are related to the use of a medical device, especially invasive devices that buy-pass the normal barriers to entry of microorganisms into the body. HAI rates of CA-UTI, CLA-BSI and VAP are significantly greater among patients when a medical device is used

Objectives

Determine Healthcare Associated infection risk with medical devices

To make recommendations for performance improvement

Methods

Observation study of pilot study. Data was collected for a period of five weeks. Active surveillance by considering laboratory results and regular visits to patients in respiratory intensive care unit was a method used to assess patients at-risk of healthcare associated infection. The Structured audit sheet was used

Results

The sample consisted of 92% patients received urinary catheter, 83% patients are exposed on the peripheral lines, 50% patients obtained central lines and 58% patients acquired endotracheal tube in situ. The mean length of stay was 4.04. The prevalence rate of HAI was 50% infections. The predominance of prevalnce rate was found for VAP by 36%, while incidence rate of CLA-BSI was 25% and incidence rate in CA-UTI with Urinary tract infection was 14%

Conclusion

The HAI is very high in C1 Resuscitation ward. The improved IPC practice is required and further research is needed to identify the effect of medical devices with prevalence of infection in C1 Resuscitation ward

Disclosure of interest

None declared

References

  1. 1.

    Hajdu et al: A point prevalence survey of hospital-acquired infections and antimicrobial use a paeditric hospital in north-western Russia. Journal of Hospital Infection. 2007, 66 (4): 378-384. 10.1016/j.jhin.2007.04.018.

  2. 2.

    Hajdu et al: A point prevalence survey of hospital-acquired infections and antimicrobial use a paeditric hospital in north-western Russia. Journal of Hospital Infection. 2007, 66 (4): 378-384. 10.1016/j.jhin.2007.04.018.

  3. 3.

    Mary LM et al: Basic Concepts of Infection Control. 2011, Portadown(N Ireland): International Federation of Infection Control, 2

  4. 4.

    Mehtar S et al: Understanding Infection Prevention and Control. 2010, Cape Town: Juta and Company Ltd, 1

  5. 5.

    Regina F et al: Indwelling urinary catheter management and catheter associated urinary tract infection prevention practices in Nurses Improving Care for Healthsystem Elders hospitals. American Journal of Infection Control. 2012, 40 (8): 715-720. 10.1016/j.ajic.2011.09.017.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to JMV Namahoro.

Rights and permissions

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Keywords

  • Incidence Rate
  • Urinary Tract Infection
  • Prevalence Rate
  • Medical Device
  • Endotracheal Tube