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P020: Multiresistant bacteria in positive urocultures in a Dakar university hospital (Senegal)
© Dia et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 20 June 2013
Multiresistant bacteria in urines are often associated with nosocomial infections.
The aim of this study was to determine the proportion of multiresistant bacteria in positive urocultures in the Teaching Hospital of Fann.
This study was made on data recorded from registers of bacteriological laboratory between 1st January 2008 and 31 December 2011.
Three hundred and nine multiresistant bacteria (309) among the 709 mutiresistant strains were isolated from urines (43,58 %). The mean age was 39,73 years [range=1 – 83] with a sex ratio of 0.88. Most of the patients were hospitalized (62,5 %). The infectious diseases clinic provided most of the multiresistant bacteria (41,1 %), followed by the neurology department (14,24 %) and paediatrics department (12,23 %). The majority of multiresistant bacteria were constituted by extended spectrum betalactamase enterobacteriaceae (86, 08 %) and Acinetobacter spp (5, 50 %). E. coli were the most frequent bacteria (35, 92 %) followed by Klebsiella pneumoniae (35, 60). Enterobacteriaceae were susceptible to imipenem, amikacin and colistin but were resistant to quinolones and other aminosides. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus saprophyticus were susceptible to vancomycin. Strains of Acinetobacter were susceptible to imipemem and colistin.
Most of the multiresistant bacteria in the teaching hospital of Fann are isolated from urines. That’s why it is important to insist on prevention by respecting hygiene measures during invasive gestures like pose of urinary catheters.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.