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  • Open Access

P265: Structure for prevention of healthcare-associated infection in Brazilian Hospitals

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Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control20132 (Suppl 1) :P265

https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2994-2-S1-P265

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Hand Hygiene
  • Microbiology Laboratory
  • Effective Prevention
  • Huge Variation
  • Process Issue

Introduction

Minimal structure is required for an effective prevention of Healthcare-Associated Infection (HAI).

Objectives

Countrywide evaluation of structure for HAI prevention in a sample of hospitals from Brazil.

Methods

Hospitals from five Brazilian regions were evaluated (n=91; total of 8,853 beds). A team of trained nurses carried out the evaluation, focusing on structure and process issues for HAI prevention and control (HAI-PCC). Teaching hospitals were used as reference for comparisons.

Results

The majority of components of HAI-PCC in reference hospitals were identified with conformity indexes (CI) above 80%; other hospitals have achieved CI below 70% in most situations. The component of HAI surveillance showed the worst CI in non-reference hospitals (below 65.7%). The worst ratio of beds/sinks was found in hospital with >200 beds (4.5, p<0.0001). Regarding alcoholic products, the worst ratio beds/dispensers was found in non reference hospitals with > 200 beds (4.2; p<0.001) or with <50 beds (4.0; p <0.001) compared to reference hospitals (2.8). The overall CI for handwashing structure was 51.7% and for hand hygiene with alcohol was 81.2%; better CI occurred in reference hospitals (65.2% and 83.1%, respectively). The CI for sterilization services showed huge variation from 0 to 100%, and was better for reference hospitals. Those hospitals were also more likely to have their own microbiology laboratories.

Conclusion

These data point out to problems with structure for infection control in non-teaching hospitals in Brazil.

Declarations

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Escola de Enfermagem, USP - Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
(2)
Tropical Diseases, Faculdade de Medicina de Botucatu - UNESP - Univ Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, Brazil
(3)
Laboratório Especial de Microbiologia Clínica, UNIFESP - Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
(4)
UFRGS - Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
(5)
UFPA - Universidade Federal do Pará, Belém, Brazil
(6)
UFC - Universidade Federal do Ceará, Fortaleza, Brazil
(7)
UFPB - Universidade Federal da Paraíba, João Pessoa, Brazil
(8)
IMIP - Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil
(9)
FIOCRUZ - Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
(10)
UFGO - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, Brazil
(11)
UFU - Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brazil
(12)
UNIFESP - Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

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