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P301: The blood exposure accidents to hospital regional of Tenkodogo
© Zoungrana and SO; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
- Published: 20 June 2013
- Healthcare Facility
- Occupational Group
- Professional Activity
- Medicine Department
- Prevention Policy
Accidental blood exposure (AES), whether occurring during professional activities or not, is defined by contact with blood or blood-containing liquid at a prick with a needle, a cut with a sharp objects or by contact with blood or contaminated liquid from a wound, non-intact skin or mucous membranes.
To date, very few studies have been conducted in the field of AES in Burkina Faso.
To study the mechanisms of occurrence of AES at CHR Tenkodogo,
To identify the main causes of AES,
To identify occupational groups at risk of AES,
To evaluate the support provided by the hospital for victims of AES.
1 week, cross-sectional descriptive study (March to 10 March 2011).
Data collection performed using a self-administered questionnaire.
60% of patients reported no exposure to blood. In 90.9% of cases of blood exposure accidents are occurring in health care administration. Needle-stick injury is the most prevalent in a proportion of about 50%. Most needle-stick injuries involved the fingers. In 86.4% of cases, the contaminating liquid was blood. The general surgery service is by far the one who pays the brunt of exposure to blood in a proportion of 34.7% (19.6% in surgery and 15.2% at PO block) followed générale15 Medicine Department, 22% of 82.3% of victims AES. AES did not meet protocol support 18.8% of those exposed have received ARV treatment 25.6% of cases of BSE reported n have received no support.
It is important for healthcare facilities to implement monitoring of AES to evaluate prevention policies.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.