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P307: Accidents involving exposure to biological material, post-accident conducts and immunization coverage between manicures/pedicures in Brazil
© Garbaccio et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 20 June 2013
The literature indicates that outbreaks of viral hepatitis B may occur with the contaminated materials from manicure and pedicure. In Brazil, there is an important concern due to the habit of removing the nail cuticles that causes bleeding.
This study aimed to identify the occurrence of accidents involving exposure to biological material, immediate actions after accidents and vaccination coverage in these professionals.
A Survey was run with a random sample of 200 professionals, older than 18, covering 200 beauty salons in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. A questionnaire was used (Jul/12-Jan/13) to obtain information of demographics, accidents involving exposure to biological material, immediate actions after accidents and vaccination coverage of these professionals. The results were analyzed by the software SPSS. The Ethics Committee of the Federal University approved the study.
All professionals interviewed were women, the average age was 30, have 10 years of experience (11%), work an average of 8 hours per day (57%), employed less than a year in that salon (34%). About education 55% had completed high school, 54% had done some training course in the field, yet 38% became manicure/pedicure by their own initiative. Moreover 76% hadn’t got instruction about biosafety. Among the 200 participants, 66% reported having experienced accidents with needlestick material working. There was no statistical association (p>0.05) between demographic profile and accidents, except for education level. Those with complete high school qualification have injured the most (38%/p=0.02). In 65% of the cases, pliers to remove cuticle were the agent of the accident. Some professionals (57%) take care of their own nails using the material that was used in their customers and 52% mentioned have been injured while removing their own cuticle. Only 33% washed the local with water after accidents. Regarding immunization status, 54% had received the hepatitis B vaccine and 68% tetanus.
The results of this research reinforce the biological risk the professionals are exposed to, especially due to needlestick accidents, lack of vaccination and prophylactic actions after the exposure, which minimize the transmission of pathogens.
Fapemig PPM nº 00340-11
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.