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P309: Knowledge and occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among medical students
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control volume 2, Article number: P309 (2013)
Medical students, as other health care workers, are at risk for occupational needlestick injuries (NSIs) which can result in exposure to blood-borne pathogens and substantial health consequences.
To determine the frequency of NSIs and the knowledge, attitudes and perception of risks of blood-borne diseases of the medical students.
The cross-sectional study was conducted among four and sixth–year students of the Faculty of Medicine, Belgrade. Data were obtained using a self-reported anonymous questionnaire whichincluded social-demographic data, NSIs, level of knowledge, risk-awareness, reporting behavior and vaccination status against hepatitis B.
The questionnaire was filled-in and returned by 80.9% of fourth-year and 63.1% of sixth-year medical students. The study group included more female students ( 69.3% in fourth and 67,1% in final year). Out of all, 8.4% fourth and 9.8% sixth-years students had at least one accident (p>0.05).The largest number of accidents occurred during blood-taking practices. The accident was not reported at all by 43.3% students. Overall, final year medical students were significantly more knowledgeable regarding sharps injuries than the fourth year (p<0.01). Only 25.9% of all students, without differences according to year of studing, were vaccinated against hepatitis B, nevertheless that vaccine is free for them. About two-tiers of students recognized the risk of hepatitis B transmission.
This study demonstrated that intensive education which can improve the knowledge about the transmission of bloodborne infections and reduce the number of needlestick injuries of medical students must be implemented.
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This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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Markovic-Denic, L. P309: Knowledge and occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among medical students. Antimicrob Resist Infect Control 2 (Suppl 1), P309 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2994-2-S1-P309
- Medical Student
- Occupational Exposure
- Female Student
- Health Care Worker