P363: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of medical waste products in Côte d'Ivoire
© Bitty et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 20 June 2013
Medical waste is now a real public health problem because of their negative impacts on health and the environment. Since the studies in 2002, Côte d'Ivoire has not yet conducted a qualitative and quantitative assessment of medical waste generation. This makes it difficult to put in place a coherent strategy for waste management, planning and design of some management structures. This evaluation of medical waste reflects a desire to update the data for better decision making.
The overall objective is to evaluate qualitatively and quantitatively the medical waste in Côte d'Ivoire.
Identify medical waste according to a typology; Know the amount of each type of medical waste; Make recommendations.
The structures are the structures of the health system in the private sector and the public. The selection of structures was carried out through a survey at 2 levels. All survey sites were monitored at least 3 times during the investigation. The collection includes two steps: sorting and weighing of waste. Each site was equipped with bins 27 and 80 liters of blue garbage bags (infectious medical waste and medical waste non-infectious), black garbage bags (waste comparable to domestic waste), safety box for sharp objects, spikes and / or sharp and a precision electronic balance (2 grams).
The daily domestic production of medical waste in the public sector is estimated at 11,617,739 g or 11.62 tons. Domestic production in the private sector is estimated at 1,476,997 g per day, or 1.48 per ton. Infectious and hazardous wastes represent 59.39% of the medical waste. Côte d'Ivoire produces daily 13.1 tonnes of medical waste is estimated to be 4 781.5 tonnes annually in all sectors.
Nearly 70% of medical waste is infectious and dangerous. The results are for the public sector, 809 g / bed / day against 452 g / bed / day for the private sector. The national average is estimated at 630g/bed / day.
Disclosure of interest
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