Αmong 145 patients with gram-negative COB, 83 (57.2%) had HCAB and 62 (42.8%) had CAB. The frequency of malignant tumors, renal insufficiency and dementia was higher in patients with HCAB than with CAB. In both groups Escherichia coli was the mostcommon causative agent but the prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae in HCAB was significantly higher than CAB (19.3% vs. 4.8%). Patients with HCAB had higher Charlson score and higher Pitt bacteremia score, less frequent administration of appropriate empirical antibiotic treatment and higher probability of death than patients with CAB.
The antimicrobial resistance in HCAB και CAB patients respectively, was found 27/83 (32.5%) vs. 4/62 (6.5%) (P<.001) to third-generation cephalosporins (3GC), 22/83 (26.5%) vs. 7/62 (11.3%) (P=.021) to aminoglycosides, 29/83 (34.9%) vs. 9/62 (14.5%) (P=.005) to quinolones. Bacteria that produced ESBL were 16/76 (21.1%) vs. 2/59 (3.4%) (P=.003), and carbapenem-resistant were 10/83 (12.0%) vs. 2/62 (3.2%) (P=.056) in HCAB και CAB patients respectively