Volume 4 Supplement 1

Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control: Abstracts from the 3rd International Conference on Prevention and Infection Control (ICPIC 2015)

Open Access

Seasonal variations on prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella isolated from dogs in Khon Kaen province, Northeast Thailand

  • P Sringam1 and
  • S Angkititrakul2
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control20154(Suppl 1):P140

https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2994-4-S1-P140

Published: 16 June 2015

Introduction

Salmonella spp. can be isolated from healthy dogs at rates of up to 36% and they tend to shed Salmonella organisms to feces for very prolonged periods of time after infection.

Objectives

To describe Salmonella isolated from dogs and to investigate their antimicrobial resistance based on seasons in Khon Kaen province, Thailand.

Methods

During 2012-2013, 428 fecal samples were collected from dogs by rectal swab in 3 seasons (winter, summer and rainy). All samples were examined for Salmonella spp. isolation and identification by ISO 6597:2002. To assess the prevalence of antimicrobial resistant patterns was done using disk diffusion technique among 7 antimicrobials.

Results

Salmonella contaminated to dogs feces in winter, summer and rainy seasons were 13.6%, 13.1% and 9.3%, respectively. The identified most found serovars in winter, summer and rainy seasons were S. Give (23.5%), S. Typhimurium (40%) and S. Weltevreden (21.4%), respectively. Highly resistant amplicillin, sulfamethoxazole/trimetroprim and tetracycline Salmonella spp. isolated from dogs were 52%, 24% and 48%, respectively.

Conclusion

Salmonella spp. can be detected in dogs without any overt clinical signs indicating possible carrier state that can be spread to their owners especially in children. Therefore, to avoid carrier state in pets, sanitary and health management is crucial for their owners. Ongoing multi-provincial investigation should be encouraged to better understand the reasons for these observed seasonal variations.

Disclosure of interest

None declared.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Physiology, Khon Kaen University
(2)
Veterinary Public Health, Khon Kaen University

References

  1. Boonmar Sumalee, Kositanon Witaya, Nusod Jatuporn, Pornreungvong Srirat, Bangtrakulnond Aroon, Puapontep Amnat: Prevalence of Salmonellosis and Shigellosis in dogs and Antimicrobial Resistant. Journal of Kasetsart University. 2001, 39: 303-311.Google Scholar
  2. Pulpakdee Arunee, Angkititrakul Sunpetch, Suksawat Fanan, Sparagano Olivier, Kanistanon Kwankate: Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance of Salmonella sp. Isolated from Dogs and Cats in Northeastern Thailand. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 2012, 11 (5): 618-621.View ArticleGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Sringam and Angkititrakul; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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