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  • Open Access

Prevention of nosocomial bacteremia associated with Staphylococcus aureus in Benin

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 3,
  • 2,
  • 4 and
  • 5
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control20154 (Suppl 1) :P255

https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2994-4-S1-P255

  • Published:

Keywords

  • Staphylococcus Aureus
  • Patient Safety
  • Nosocomial Infection
  • Hand Hygiene
  • Tertiary Hospital

Introduction

Nosocomial bacteremia due to Staphylococcus aureus seem to be increasing in some hospitals in Benin according the first nationwide survey on the prevalence of nosocomial infection

Objectives

Reduce the rate of nosocomial bacteremia in order to assess the importance of an effective infection program that could lead to prevent the spread of this bacterium

Methods

From 1st February 2013 to 30th May 2014, according to WHO’s guidelines, hospital surveillance about nosocomial bacteremia has been conducted. Management of the study included a rigorous attention to the placement and the maintenance of vascular devices and correct hand hygiene. Two categories of tertiary hospitals, one with effective infection control program (category I) and the other without structured program (category II) were included

Results

A total of 12 hospitals were involved in this study. Five of them had an effective infection control program. Nosocomial bactereamia incidence rate was 1.42 cases per 1000 patient per days in category I versus 4.83 cases per 1000 patient per days for category II. The proportion of S. aureus bacteremia was 5.2 % in category I versus 17.2 % in category II. The incidence of bacteremia began to decrease on January 2014, the primary site was discernible in 90% of bacteremia episodes only in hospitals category I.

Conclusion

This study showed a significative reduction in the incidence of S. aureus bacteremia in hospital that had an effective infection program based on African Partnership Patient Safety Program

Disclosure of interest

None declared.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Direction Nationale de la Santé Publique, Point Focal Sécurité Patient/DNSP/Ministère Santé Bénin, Benin
(2)
Direction Nationale de la Santé Publique, Benin
(3)
Direction Nationale des Etablissement Hospitalier, Ministère de la Santé, Benin
(4)
GBH, EPAC/University, Benin
(5)
cabinet, Ministère de la Santé, Cotonou, Benin

References

  1. Ahoyo TA, Bankolé S.H, Adéoti FM: Prevalence of nosocomial infections and anti-infective therapy in Benin: results of the first nationwide survey in 2012. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control. 2014, 3 (17): 2-6.Google Scholar
  2. Falagas Matthew, Kasiakou SK, Nikita D: Secular trends of antimicrobial resistance of blood isolates in a newly founded Greek hospital. BMC Infectious Diseases. 2006, 6: 99-10.1186/1471-2334-6-99. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-6-99PubMed CentralView ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

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