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The right patient in the right place: the central role of infection control
© Pinto et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
- Published: 16 June 2015
- Infection Control
- Isolation Procedure
- Action Strategy
- Hospital Information System
- Inpatient Admission
The Portuguese reality of high prevalence of Epidemiologically Important Microrganisms (EIM) combined with the shortage of single rooms led to the implementation of a real-time action strategy, in order to achieve best practices of isolation, starting on admission.
Optimization of site management of patients, centered on the Infection Control and Antibiotics Committee (ICAC) on a paper-free hospital.
ICAC implemented a methodology based on the relationship between the Electronic Medical Registry (EMR), Lab, Infection Control Nurse (ICN) and the Site Manager Nurse (SMN), comprising the following steps: 1)At inpatient admission, namely on the Emergency Room (ER), a 8 question tool named Electronic Epidemiological Query on Admission (EEQA) is fulfield by the physician in charge of the patient, generating automated micro prescriptions and isolation procedures; 2)ICN daily (monday to friday) receives data from the micro lab and alerts from hospital information system. Based on the analysis of this information, each patient is studied and the need of isolation is assessed. ICN works along SMN and nurses and physicians on the wards, deciding their allocation into single rooms or into cohorts; 3)An Infection Control Note is written on the patient EMR, which migrates automatically to its Discharge Note; 4)SMN acts according to data from the EEQA, the ICN and also from physicians and nurses in charge of patients; 5)Finally, a phone contact to the staff on duty is made in order to transmit the right isolation needs and an email is sent to the respective Medical Director and Head Nurse.
According to this strategy, in last December an average of 3.29 daily changes (placement on individual rooms, negative pressure rooms or cohorting) were made in patient´s allocation on a total of 3274 admissions.
Based on this model, ICAC ensures that all patients admitted were properly allocated, according to information obtained from the Electronic Epidemiological Query on Admission and EIM detected. Infection Control Nurse has a central role along with Site Manager Nurse, thus reducing the risk of cross-transmission and contributing to Patient Safety on a context of shortage of single rooms.
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.