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The use of educational intervention on cleaning process in a secondary hospital
© Sola et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 16 June 2015
Early in the twentieth century, health professionals became more concerned about the need to provide a clean environment and adherence to aseptic practices when caring for people´s health. In that setting, the use of chemical products for cleaning and disinfecting was widespread.For that reason, cleansing is a relevant issue in hospital infection control. By ensuring proper hygiene of hospital items and areas, cross-infection can be reduced.
This study aims to evaluate the technique and effectiveness of the environmental cleansing performed by the hospital hygiene team.
This is a qualitative and quantitative prospective study, conducted from January to October 2014 in a 300-bed high complexity hospital, Sao Paulo, Brazil. In this study, we evaluated 2880 items in 360 observations before and after the cleaning team were trained on correct cleaning procedures. Evaluation and measurement were divided in three steps: (a) cleaning technique was monitored by using a visible signaling system with black light and by the measurement of the amount of adenosine trisfofate (ATP) detected on the surfaces. Measurements took place before and after the environmental cleansing;(b) the intervention was applied and the team was trained on correct cleaning procedures.
During the training period, measurements continued to take place with the same techniques; (c) the cleaning effectiveness was measured again after the training period. A target of 70% compliance was set by the infection control team. During the study period, the average compliance was 67.97%. Analysis before and during intervention showed 51.69% and 78.82% compliance, exceeding the set target.
In order to have a biologically safe hospital environment it is necessary to work with different environmental peculiarities, establish partnership with different services of the institution and staff, and implement effective actions to control the spread of microorganisms, particularly multi-resistant ones.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.