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  • Open Access

Residual antiseptic efficacy of octenidine dihydrochloride versus chlorhexidine gluconate in alcoholic solutions

  • 1,
  • 2,
  • 2 and
  • 2
Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control20154(Suppl 1):P33

https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2994-4-S1-P33

Published: 16 June 2015

Keywords

  • Reduction Factor
  • Alcoholic Solution
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Antimicrobial Effect
  • Postoperative Infection

Introduction

Skin antisepsis is an important measure to prevent postoperative infections. It is known that wound infections infringe the well-being of the patient and prolongs the rehabilitation significantly. At the same time additional costs will be caused in the health care system. Alcohol-based solutions containing the active ingredients chlorhexidine gluconate [CHX] or octenidine dihydrochloride [OCT] have a residual antimicrobial effect on skin. This may re-sult in a better preventative outcome than alcohol alone.

Objectives

The aim of the presented study was to compare the immediate and long-term efficacy of CHX and OCT.

Methods

We performed a study on the skin on the arm of 20 healthy volunteers in a cross-over design based on DGHM-standard method 13 and measured the colony forming units (cfu) of the resident skin flora after the application of the products according to Williamson and Kligman (1965). The cfu were determined directly after the application and after 24 h on 5 consecutive study days. The calculated log reduction factors were statistically evaluated with the student’s t-test.

Results

Both solutions showed as expected a significant any quick reduction of the resisdent skin flora and a long-term effect over 24 h. For OCT a statistically significant superior long-term effect after four applications was determined (lg reduction: (2.21 vs. 1.37; p = 0.004).

Conclusion

The presented data show that alcoholic solutions with octenidin dihydrochloride and chlorhexidine gluconate show a comparable efficacy on the resident skin flora. Alcohol-based preparations with the additional active octenidin dihydrochloride are a valid alternative for skin antisepics to the world-wide broadly used CHX-based products.

Disclosure of interest

F. Brill Grant/Research support from: partially by Schülke & Mayr, Germany., N. Radischat Employee of: Schülke & Mayr, Germany., P. Goroncy-Bermes Employee of: Schülke & Mayr, Germany., J. Siebert Employee of: Schülke & Mayr, Germany.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Dr. Brill + Partner GMBH Instiute for Hygiene and Microbiology, Hamburg, Germany
(2)
Research & Development, Schülke & Mayr GmbH, Norderstedt, Germany

Copyright

© Brill et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

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