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Comparison of two storage methods for flexible, thermolabile endoscopes: is there a difference in microbiological contamination?
© Scalia-Perreard et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2015
Published: 16 June 2015
Currently no recommendations exist to help choose between the drying and storage cabinets for heat-sensitive endoscopes (SCHE) and standard non-ventilated cupboards. We hypothesize that use of the SCHE helps reduce microbiological contamination compared to the standard non-ventilated cupboards.
To compare the level of microbiological contamination of endoscopes stored using the two different methods.
Comparative observational study conducted within the HUG (Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève) between February and July 2014 using flexible bronchoscopes utilized in adult intensive care, stocked in SCHE, and flexible bronchoscopes utilized in the endoscopy equipment tray, stored in standard, non-ventilated cupboards. Samples were taken on day 0 (removal from the disinfecting washer), Day 3 (primary outcome), and Day 7. The samples were collected from endoscope extremities and analyzed after filtration using Millipore® membranes 0.45 µm deposited on blood agar and incubated at 37°C. Microorganisms were identified and numbered and results expressed in the form of colony forming units (CFU) per endoscope.
In total, 60 samples were collected from 10 bronchoscopes at Day 0, Day 3, and Day 7. No germ was identified among samples taken at Day 0 or Day 3. Among Day 7 samples no germ was identified on endoscopes stored in the standard non-ventilated cupboards, 1 CFU of Staphylococcus warneri was identified on a bronchoscope stored in a SCHE (contamination certain).
We found no microbiological difference between the bronchoscopes stored in ventilated and unventilated cupboards. Only one contaminant was detected at Day 7 on a bronchoscope stored in the SCHE. In spite of the small number of samples, current storage practices utilized at HUG are not brought into question – as long as the retreatment process is adequately followed during the early steps of manual disinfection followed by disinfection in the disinfecting washer.
Disclosure of interest
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.